20 terms

AP Lit: General Lit Terminology #1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

abstract terms
denotes qualities that are attributes of person/things; not observable or "physical"
anachronism
does not fit chronologically; assignment of something to a time when it was not in existence, e.g. the watch Merlyn wore in The Once and Future King
analogy
correspondence between dissimilar elements; similarity; comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
ambiguity
uncertainty; two meanings that are incompatible; deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work
catharsis
the process by which an unhealthy emotional state produced by an imbalance of feelings is corrected and emotional health is restored; release of emotion
direct characterization
the author tells us what the character is like: sneaky, generous, mean to pets and so on (as opposed to implying what the character is like)
epigram
a short poem, whether amorous, elegiac, meditative, complimentary or satiric, which is polished, terse, and pointed, often with a surprising turn of thought
indirect characterization
the author reveals to the reader what the character is like by describing how the character looks and dresses, by letting the reader hear what the character says, by revealing the character's private thoughts and feelings, by revealing the characters effect on other people
limited omniscient narrator (point of view)
third person narrator who generally reports only what one character (usually the main character) sees, and who only reports the thoughts of that one privileged character
objective narrator (point of view)
third person narrator who only reports on what would be visible to a camera, this point of view does not know what a character is thinking or feeling unless the character says so
omniscient narrator (point of view)
third person narrator who sees, like God, into each character's mind and understands all the action going on
parable
a tale designed to illustrate a moral principle; a relatively short story that teaches a moral, or lesson about uo to lead a good life
pastoral
expressing a nostalgic image of the peace and simplicity of the life of shepherds and other rural folk in an idealized natural setting
rhetoric
style of communication/diction; art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
sarcasm
a type of verbal irony in which, under the guise of praise, a caustic and bitter expression of strong and personal disapproval is given
sentiment
emotional response disproportionate to the situation, thus to substitute heightened and generally unthinking feeling for normal ethical and intellectual judgment; overindulgence of emotion
stream of consciousness
continuous flow of thoughts; a style of writing that portrays the inner (often chaotic) workings of a character's mind; technique of writing that undertakes to reproduce the raw flow of awareness, with the perceptions, thoughts, judgements, feelings, associations, and memories presented just as they occur without being tidied into grammatical sentences or given logical and narrative order
ex. Holden narrates in a stream of consciousness style in The Catcher in the Rye.
travesty
ridiculously inferior imitation; mocks a particular work but does it by treating a lofty subject in an undignified manner
unreliable narrator
first person narrator who is not entirely credible (a child, a liar, a lunatic, etc.).
ex. Holden from Catcher in the Rye often lies and exaggerates to himself and hence to the reading audience
wit
a verbal expression which is brief and intentionally contrived to produce a shock; a quickness of intellect