70 terms

AP English Poetry terms

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alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
allusion
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
antithesis
A balancing of two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses.
apostrophe
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds
ballad meter
a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
cacaphony
Harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite o
caesura
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
conceit
A fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds
couplet
A pair of lines that end in rhyme
devices of sound
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry.
diction
Choice of words
didactic poem
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson
dramatic poem
A narrative poem in which one or more characters speak
elegy
a sorrowful poem or speech
end stopped
A line of poetry that ends with a punctuation mark
enjambment
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
extended metaphor
A metaphor that continues beyond it's initial use, can be developed at great length
euphony
pleasant, harmonious sound
eye rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation
feminine rhyme
a rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as "waken" and "forsaken" and "audition" and "rendition." Feminine rhyme is sometimes called double rhyme.
figurative language
words or groups of words that exaggerate or alter the usual meanings of the component words
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
heroic couplet
A pair of rhymed, iambic pentameter lines.
hyperbole
purposeful exaggeration for effect
imagery
Language that appeals to the senses.
irony
A contrast between expectation and reality
internal rhyme
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
lyric poem
A short poem of songlike quality
masculine rhyme
A rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable
metaphor
figure of speech comparing two different things
meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
metonymy
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
mixed metaphor
is a metaphor that has gotten out of control and mixes its terms so that they are visually or imaginatively incompatible. "The President is a lame duck who is running out of gas."
narrative poem
A poem that tells a story
octave
8 line stanza
onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
oxymoron
A figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
parallelism
A literary technique that relies on the use of the same syntactical structures
paraphrase
(v.) to restate in other words; (n.)a statement that presents a given idea in new language
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
poetic foot
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
pun
a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings
quatrain
4 line stanza
refrain
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words
rhyme royal
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc
rhythmn
pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written languages
sarcasm
harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule
satire
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
scansion
Analysis of verse into metrical patterns
sestet
6 line stanza
simile
A comparison using like or as
sonnet
14 line poem
stanza
A group of lines in a poem
strategy
management of language for a specific purpose
structure
arrangement of material within a work
style
mode of expression in language
symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
synecdoche
. a figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole. "All hands on deck" is an example.
syntax
Order words occur
tercet
3 line stanza
terza rima
a verse form with a rhyme scheme: aba bcb cdc, etc.
theme
Central idea of a work of literature
tone
Attitudes and presuppositions of the author that are revealed by their linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices)
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
villanelle
A 19 line form using only two rhymes and repeating two of the lines according to a set pattern
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