20 terms

AP Lit: General Lit Terminology #2

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Terms in this set (...)

allegory
a narrative in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities
anecdote
brief story, told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something, often shows character of an individual
angst
term used in existential criticism to describe both the individual and the collective neurosis of the period following the Second World War; this is feeling of anxiety, dread, or anguish is notably present in the novel The Catcher in the Rye
aphorism
a short and usually witty saying, such as: "Classic? A book which people praise and don't read." (Mark Twain)
bard
a narrator, a poet, a storyteller; Shakespeare is considered the classic example
bathos
an anticlimax, a passionate moment that becomes trivial; when writers overshoot the mark and become trivial or ridiculous
bombast
verbose and inflated language that is disproportionate to the matter it expresses; prententious, pompous speech or writing
burlesque
mockery, exaggerated imitation, a form of satire; the high version is often called parody or mock epic and the low version is often called a travesty
caricature
in both art and literature, a ridiculous or grotesque likeness of a person or thing
concrete terms
language that describes specific observable things, people or places, rather than ideas or qualities
ennui
A persistent feeling of tiredness or weariness which often afflicts existential man, often manifesting as boredom
ex. Holden from The Catcher in the Rye often expresses his exhaustion as a result of trying to figure out who he is in the confines of a society that annoys him.
fable
a very short story told in prose or poetry that teaches a practical lesson about how to succeed in life; moral raw on human behavior sometimes illustrated through animals
fantasy
fiction characterized by highly fanciful or supernatural elements; unrestrained fancy
interior monologue
a term from novels and poetry, refers to writing that records the mental talking that goes on inside a character's head
lampoon
a satire
motif
recurrent thematic element in an artistic or literary work
paradox
a statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth
parody
an exaggerated imitation of a usually more serious work for humorous purposes; the writer uses the quirks of style of the imitated piece in extreme of ridiculous ways
pathos
a quality that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, or sorrow; over-emotionalism can be the result of an excess of this
truism
a way too obvious truth