79 terms

ALHS 1090 Chapter 2 Suffixes

Medical Terminology
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-ac
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(cardiac)
-algia
pain
(neuralgia)
-ar
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(muscular)
-ary
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(pulmonary)
-cele
hernia, swelling
(hepatocele) swelling of the liver
-centesis
surgical puncture
(arthrocentesis) puncture of a joint space with a needle to withdraw fluid
-clasis
to break; surgical fracture
(osteoclasis) surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
(arthrodesis) fusing a bone to another bone
-dynia
pain
(otodynia) pain in the ear
-eal
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(esophageal)
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
(bronchiectasis) dilation or expansion of one or more bronchi
-ectomy
excision, removal
(appendectomy)
-edema
swelling
(lymphedema) swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid
-emesis
vomiting
(hyperemesis) excessive vomiting
-emia
blood condition
(anemia) blood condition caused by a decrease in red blood cells
-esis
noun ending meaning condition
(di/ur/esis) abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine
-gen
forming, producing, origin
(carcin/o/gen) substance like a cigarette that causes cancer
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
(Carcin/o/genesis) the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells
-gram
record, writing
(electr/o/cardi/o/gram) record of the electrical activity of the heart
-graph
instrument for recording
(cardi/o/graph)
-graphy
process of recording
(angi/o/graphy) process of radiographic imaging of blood vessels after injection of a contrast.
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
(chol/e/lith/iasis) presence or formation of gallstone in gallbladder or common bile duct
-iatry
noun ending meaning medicine; treatment
(pod/iatry) treatment of the feet
-ic
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(thorac/ic) pertaining to the chest
-ical
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(path/o/log/ical) pertaining to the study of disease
-ician
noun ending meaning specialist
(
-icle
diminutive ending meaning small; minute
(ventr/icle) small cavity of heart or brain
-ile
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(pen/ile) pertaining to the penis
-ior
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(poster/ior) pertaining to the back of the body
-ia
condition
(pneumon/ia) infection of the lung
-ism
noun ending meaning condition
(hyper/thyroid/ism) overactive thyroid gland
-ist
specialist
(hemat/o/log/ist) specialist in the treatment of disorders of blood.
-tic
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(acous/tic) pertaining to hearing
-itis
inflammation
(gastr/itis) inflammation of the stomach
-lith
stone, calculus
(chol/e/lith) gallstone
-logist
specialist in study of
(neur/o/log/ist) a specialist in the study of the nervous system
-logy
study of
-lysis
separation, destruction, loosening
(hem/o/lysis) the destruction or rupture of red blood cells
-malacia
softening
(chondr/o/malacia) softening of the cartilage, usually the platella of the knee cap
-megaly
enlargement
(cardi/o/megaly) enlargement of the heart
-meter
instrument for measuring
-ole
diminutive ending meaning small; minute
(arteri/ole) smallest of the arteries
-oma
tumor
(neur/oma) tumor growth of a nerve tissue
-osis
abnormal condition; it also means increase and this is used primarily with blood cells)
(cyan/osis) blue coloration of the skin due to low levels of oxygen in the blood.
-ous
adjective ending meaning pertaining to, relating to
(cutane/ous) pertaining to the skin
-pathy
disease
(mylo/pathy) disease of muscle
-penia
decrease, deficiency
(erythr/o/penia) decrease in red blood cells
-pexy
fixation (of an organ)
(mast/o/pexy) fixation of a breast
-phagia
swallowing, eating
(dys/phagia) inability or difficulty in swallowing
-phobia
fear
(hem/o/phobia) fear of blood
-phasia
impairment of speech
(a/phasia)
-plasia
formation, growth
(dys/plasia) abnormal formation or growth of cells, tissue, or, organ
-plasm
formation, growth
(neo/plasm) new formation of tissue like a tumor
-plasty
surgical repair
(rhin/o/plasty) surgical repair of the nose
-plegia
paralysis
(hemi/plegia) paralysis of one side of the body
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement
(belphar/o/ptosis) drooping of the upper eyelid
-rrhage
bursting forth (of)
(hem/o/rrhage) bursting of blood, bleeding
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of)
(men/o/rrhagia) profuse discharge of blood during menstruation
-rrhaphy
suture - stitching of a muscle or wound
(my/o/rrhaphy) stitching of a muscle
-rrhea
discharge, flow
(dia/rrhea) abnormal discharge of fluid fecal matter from the bowel
-rrhexis
rupture
(arteri/o/rrhexis) rupture of an artery
-scope
instrument for examining
(endo/scope) instrument for examining within
-scopy
visual examination
(endo/scopy) visual examination within
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching, spasm
(blehar/o/spasm) twitching of the eyelid
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
(arteri/o/stenosis) abnormal narrowing of an artery
-stomy
forming an opening (mouth)
(col/o/stomy) to open the colon
-tome
instrument to cut
(oste/o/tome) instrument to cut bone
-tomy
incision
(trache/o/tomy) incision into the trachea
-toxic
poison
(hepat/o/toxic) pertaining to agents like alcohol that damages the liver
-tripsy
crushing
(lith/o/tripsy) crushing a stone
-trophy
development, nourishment
(dys/trophy) bad nourishment
-ule
diminutive ending meaning small; minute
(ven/ule) small vein continuous with a capillary
-y
noun ending meaning condition; process
(neur/o/path/y) condition of the nerves related to a disease
Rule # 1
If the suffix starts with a vowel
use the word root. Such as gastritis
Rule # 2
if the suffix starts with a constant
use the combining form. Such as gastrodynia
Rule # 3
Always use a combining form when
connecting to another word root. Such as gastroenteritis.
-al
pertaining to
(neur/al) pertaining to a nerve
- sclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening
(arteri/o/sclerosis) hardening of an artery
-metry
act of measuring