Upgrade to remove ads
FTCE K-6 Social Studies
Terms in this set (204)
Primary Source Documents
original documents such as papers, eyewitness accounts, letters, diaries, artifacts, and photos. Necessary to construct an accurate portrayal of history. Many primary documents available through the Library of Congress.
the period before humans invented writing and kept written records.
Mesopotamia and Egypt
The first civilizations are recorded in ________.
Invented wheel, plow, windmill, solar calendars, writing. The plow ignited the Agricultural Revolution
pyramids were built in Eygpt; pharaohs ruled and created complex civilizations
Greece organized in city-states; developed art, philosophy, education, astronomy
Classical age and highlight of Greek civilization.
700 BC-1453 AD
Roman Empire then Byzantine Empire are world forces. Christianity is named the official religion by Constantine in 313 AD with the Edict of Milan.
known for distinctive architecture, sewage and drainage systems, and roads.
a political leader in Rome who brought Rome from a Republic to the Roman empire.
Mohammad born and created the Islamic faith fundamentals
_______ relies on teachings of Confucius; rule county by dynasties such as Tang, Sung, Ming, and Manchu dynasties. Established block printing and ceramic pottery.
Mongols Genghis Khan
and his son, Kublai Khan, rule China, Russia, Asia and Persia.
_______ sent 7 Crusades to the Middle East to liberate the people there and bring them Christianity but they massacred thousands of Muslims and Jews.
Earliest civilizations were the _______ in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico and Guatemala
Children of the Sun
controlled area from Ecuador to Chile.
required the king to renounce certain rights, respect certain legal procedures and accept that the will of the king could be bound by law.
a disease carried throughout Europe by fleas on rats; poor living and sanitation practices and killed from 25-40% of the population.
artist and sculpture- he helped to bring about the Renaissance era. Painted the Last Supper and the Mona Lisa.
The Medici family were the Godfathers of Italy who controlled many aspects of the country, including the Pope, and also supported the Renaissance artists.
Also reformed the Christian religion with ideas of predestination. Had strong following with John Knox in Scotland and England puritans.
wrote the 95 theses with revolutionary ideas about Christianity and nailed it to the door of the church. He wanted to reform the church but was excommunicated by the Pope.
an intense time of self-study for Europe; society questioned beliefs and self.
French philosopher who believed in faith in reason ―I think; therefore, I am‖
The ________ was a shift from belief to evidence.
a Polish astronomer, argues the sun is the center of the universe.
an Italian scientist, also argues the sun is the center of the universe as is arrested for his beliefs. He creates the law of inertia.
an English Christian religious leader who believed in reason and revelation. Wrote treatise about human rights and revolution when those rights were violated.
French man who believed people should govern themselves in a democracy. Had the revolutionary idea that governments existed for the people and it was a ―social contract."
the people executed Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Uprising of the middle and lower classes to overthrow a monarchy.
leader/dictator of the French who conquered most of Europe and was defeated in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
Machines began to replace human laborers-much greater productivity
Scientific revolution and mechanical inventions
Increase in population in Europe
Rise of the middle class
promoted state of society in which there is no competition of capitalism or class systems.
created socialism or Marxism that focused on taking power from the rich and everyone taking what they need according to their needs. Included the elimination of capitalism and class systems.
compass and astrolabe
Invention of ________ allowed greater navigation for exploration
Norse seaman and explorer- leader in European sailing exploration
Prince Henry the Navigator
Portugal ruler who explored to bring wealth and trade
an Italian explorer, was sponsored by rulers in Spain- Ferdinand and Isabella to discover a Western route to India.
Columbus sailed from Spain in the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria.
Florentine Italian merchant who wrote about the new world and gave the name ―Americas to the continents.
Many native populations were destroyed when _______ brought new diseases with them to the new world.
Portuguese sailor who sailed around South America and named the Pacific Ocean.
_______ claimed the Americas as their land.
__________ was the Aztec king and was overtaken by the weapons of Hernando Cortez and a small Spanish army.
St. Augustine, Florida
First permanent Spanish settlement is ________ established by Ponce de Leon and Hernando De Soto.
Spain's fleet of military ships that dominated the oceans in late 1500s.
Sir Walter Raleigh
named Virginia after the queen
colonized Georgia (1696-1785) with colony of released prisoners from Europe.
were settled with those seeking religious freedoms, economic prosperity, land ownership, and political freedoms.
was established by King James of England.
Captain John Smith
built relations with the local Indians, including Pocahontas, and learned to grow food in the new world in Virginia.
Salem Witch Trials 1692
Salem, Massachusetts town charged many young girls as witches and executed 19 of them. Only later did the accusers say their story was false.
American inventor and politician. Demonstrated electricity in 1792 by using a kite and made many American inventions. Also started the public library and bi-focal glasses.
Sugar Act and Stamp Act
raised taxes for the colonists
Boston Tea Party
Americans threw the tea from British ships into the harbor to demonstrate their frustration with the English taxes.
First Continental Congress 1774
called for a preparation of local militia
Paul Revere and Thomas Dawes
rode ahead of the British army announcing their arrival
first shot of the Revolutionary War- the shot that was ―heard around the world.‖
commander of the American army
first US President.
Declaration of Independence 1776
written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, was signed by congress on July 4th.
1st to sign the Declaration of Independence and signed in the largest handwriting.
Treaty of Paris
Revolutionary War ended with the _________ in 1783.
signed by the states in 1787 to establish the federal government; Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, James Madison, and John Adams helped to frame ideas within.
was a noted spokesman on the causes of the American Revolution. He wrote ―Common Sense pamphlet.
Between mid 1600s to mid 1700s, the _______ in the southern colonies grew tremendously to support the agricultural industry.
is considered the ―father of the Constitution because he framed out the major ideas.
John Jay and Alexander Hamilton
set out to explain the new constitution by writing a series of essays called the Federalist papers.
was appointed as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by George Washington.
was a famous American frontiersmen who explored and settled Kentucky. Boone founded the first US settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion
mid 1800s- America drive to own as much land as possible to the Pacific Ocean, Canada, and Mexico.
a cavalry created by Theodore Roosevelt that was made of cowboys, scholars, land speculators, Native Americans and African Americans. They fought in the Spanish American War.
The Missouri Compromise 1819
The Senate voted to let Maine join the Union as a free state and Missouri join the Union as a slave state.
1876-1965 these laws separated blacks and whites in public places.
1860- When _______ was elected president, the Southern states seceded from the Union.
Ft. Sumter, South Carolina
The first shots of the Civil War were shot in _______ .
Robert E. Lee
was the Southern general. Jefferson Davis was elected President of the South.
Battle of Gettysburg
South was winning the Civil War until the _______ in 1863.
Battle of Gettysburg
Mississippi surrendered to Northern General Ulysses Grant.
General Lee surrenders in Virginia.
President Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation declaring all slaves free.
John Wilkes Booth
1865- Lincoln is assassinated by _______ while watching a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C.
Homestead Act of 1862
Offered 160 acres of government land in the western United States free of charge to any person who would farm it for 5 years.
Civil Rights Act
1866- passed by Congress declaring all citizens born in the US are equal regardless of race.
George Washington Carver
(1865-1943) developed hundreds of products from peanuts, sweet potatoes, pecans, and soybeans and improved Southern agriculture.
John D. Rockefeller
oil industry leader
steel industry leader
in 1901 brought indictments against the monopolies created by industry leaders.
President Roosevelt bought rights to construct the ______ giving ships a shorter route from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Klu Klux Klan
1915 ______ is established as a secret society whose purpose was to intimidate and harass black Americans.
(1821-1912) Founded the American Red Cross.
World War I
1914-1918 President Wilson enters the war in 1917. The Treaty of Versailles ends the war.
The Great Depression
1929 the stock market crashes
1932 President __________New Deal closed banks and passed huge legislation for establishing governmental programs and involvement in banking aimed at bringing America out of the Depression.
World War II
Chancellor of Germany, takes over Austria and then invades Poland. France and Britain declare war on Germany.
December 7, 1941
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
US dropped 2 atomic bombs on _______, Japan to force their surrender.
Works Administration Program (WPA)-
1935- the government employed people for 30 hours a week for projects across America.
President _______ took office in 1945 after Roosevelt died.
helped to rebuild Europe after WWII.
Berlin Air Lift
1949- Soviets blocked the route for Allies to bring supplies to Berlin and they had to be airlifted into the city.
feelings resulted in the McCarthy lists of Communists in the US.
1950 Korea had been split after WWII with US owning South Korea and the Soviet Union owning North Korea.
Russia launched Sputnik
1957- satellite creating fear America was falling behind in space exploration. 1958- NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration was established.
Focus on educating young people in math and sciences occurred.
(born 1921) piloted the first American manned orbital mission on February 20, 1962.
(born 1930) was the first person to walk on the moon in 1968. Upon his first step on the moon, Armstrong said, "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
Civil Rights movement
1955- begins with Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on the city bus.
Martin Luther King, Jr
1965- gives his famous speech and fights peacefully for civil rights.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962- during the Cold War. Russia put nuclear war heads in Cuba pointed at Florida and the United States.
1972- Nixon is charged with obstructing justice, resigns from the White House, and Gerald Ford becomes president.
He attacks the Persian Gulf in the Operation Desert Shield and liberates Kuwait and accepts Iraq's cease fire.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Congress passes ___________ eliminated most tariffs and trade barriers with Mexico and Canada.
united Africans to rebel against the system of racial tyranny known as Apartheid.
an official policy of racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic of South Africa
drove India to independence in 1947 after nearly two centuries of British domination. He practiced non-violent demonstrations such as boycotts against the British rule.
make up the largest minority group in Florida.
Ponce de Leon
arrived in St. Augustine in 1513.
Hernando de Soto
arrived in Florida in 1539.
settled in St. Augustine in 1565.
an Seminole Indian chief- refused to leave Florida and waged the Seminole War with General Andrew Jackson. The US relocated the Indians to Oklahoma.
located in Ocala, is one of the largest artesian springs in the world.
Tarpon Springs, Florida
is one of the top producers of natural sponges.
Until the mid 1900s, Florida was one of the least populated states. After the invention of _______, Florida's population boomed. It is now the 4th most populated state.
Florida has a temperate climate or _________climate with warm winters. Greece, Spain, and France also have temperate climates.
recognizing continents, countries, and major cities and geographic features of a map
is determined by longitude and latitude
is determined by the interaction between places such as the ocean and the state of Florida.
the study of how people interact with the environment, alter it and how it affects possibilities for life.
Humans _____ on the environment for food and shelter.
Humans _____ their environment in both positive and negative ways such as farming, mining, or building.
Humans _____ to their environment.
Movement and connections
How people are connected through transportation and networks. The automobile industry had a great impact on the tourism in Florida.
Regions, patterns, and processes
The culture of a region is dependent on the climate, economic, and political patterns and processes there.
a map maker
Relief maps, or ________, show the shape of the terrain by using contour lines
The ______ on a map tells the reader about the symbols and what they mean. It is the Key for reading the map properly.
shows the relationship between the map's measurements and the earth's measurements.
have an X and Y axis. The X axis is horizontal and the Y axis is vertical.
include information about people and social issues.
the 2nd largest continent; includes the Nile River and the Sahara desert.
the largest continent; includes the Himalayas, Mt. Everest, and the Dead Sea
includes Canada and United States
a form of government in which citizens rule through elected representatives.
Democracy originated in, and is now used in the United States.
a form of government in which the government controls all aspects of a country, its businesses, farms, and industry. There is not free market or capitalism. seeks total equality for all people in which there are no wealthy people and is only one social class; the working class.
a form of government in which a religious leader or religious council governs the country. Only one official religion is allowed.
a form of government in which a king or queen rules. the king or queen is decided upon through family line.
a dictator often takes control by force and bloodline is not a factor.
a form of government in which a few people rule such as a council of leaders.
Americans place the source of authority in the people through elections of leaders to represent them in government.
________ of U.S. democracy is a representative government. In a representative government, the people delegate their powers to elected officials. The elected leaders are accountable because they can be removed from office.
the system of checks and balances. The three branches of government—the legislative, the executive, and the judicial—restrain and stabilize one another through their separated functions.
how many principles of democracy are in the US?
The legislative branch
which is Congress (made of House of Representatives and the Senate), must pass bills before they can become law.
The executive branch
The president—can veto bills passed by Congress preventing them from becoming law. However, by a two-thirds vote, Congress can override the president's veto.
The Supreme Court
may invalidate acts of Congress by declaring them contrary to the Constitution of the United States, but Congress can change the Constitution through the amendment process.
of democracy in the United States is federalism. In the American federal system, the states and the national government divide authority. This division of power helps curb abuses by either the national or the state governments.
Identifies the purpose of the Constitution, and begins with ―We the People‖
On December 15, 1791, ______ were added to the Constitution. These amendments guarantee certain freedoms and rights, so they are known as the Bill of Rights.
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and to peaceably assemble
The right to bear arms
No soldier shall be quartered in any house, w/o consent from the owner
Protection against search and seizure
Cannot take away the right to life, liberty and property w/o due process of the law. Shall not be a witness against oneself.
Speedy and public trial
Trial by jury
Protection against cruel and unusual punishment
Cannot impose excessive bail/fines or give cruel or unusual punishment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.‖
Formally abolished slavery in the United States.
granted citizenship to ―all persons born or naturalized in the United States,‖ which included former slaves recently freed.
Granted African American men the right to vote
Right of the government to collect income taxes.
Women's right to vote.
A line item veto
the power of an executive to cancel specific parts of a bill, without having to reject the entire proposal. This unique power is held by the state governor.
was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as a compromise for the presidential election process.
grants the states any power not explicitly stated as a federal power.
conduct elections, establish local governments, manage education systems, levy direct taxes, regulate intrastate commerce.
federal government powers
declare and wage war, regulate foreign trade and tax, make money, regulate immigration, grant copyrights and patents, maintain army and navy
a central bank that monitors the financial industry in the US by setting interest rates.
The U.S. District Courts
(lowest level) are entry-level courts of general jurisdiction
The U.S. Courts of Appeals
is the intermediate-level federal court.
The U.S. Supreme Court
is at the apex of the federal court system and consists of nine justices who hear and decide cases (one Chief Justice and eight associate justices).
Supreme court justices
Each of these nine justices are appointed by the President, approved by the Senate, and appointed to serve life terms.
district court, circuit court, or superior courts
appellate court (for appeals)
supreme court (last resort)
The highest court in each state is the ______ on what the law is with regard to state law from the state's point of view.
each city, town, or district can have its own court system overseen by local magistrates.
are financial institutions that accept monetary deposits from citizens and pay interest in return.
how the product gets to the consumer. Typically the channel consists of: Manufacturer to Wholesaler to Retailer to Customer
Law of Demand
the relationship between what the customer wants, what is produced, and how much the customer is willing to pay for the product. Also referred to as Supply and Demand.
how much money is available for immediate use.
focuses on problems specific to a household or business
study of the national and global economies.
occur naturally in the world
can sustain themselves indefinitely such as wind or sun
can be depleted such as oil
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
FTCE Elementary Education k-6 Social Science
FTCE Elementary Education k-6 Language Arts and Re…
FTCE K-6 Social Science
FTCE K-6 Science
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Citizens Bee: People
U.S. History Exam 2015
US history timeline of important events 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
FTCE Math 5-9 set 1 & 2
Music, Visual Arts, Physical Ed. & Health Competen…
FTCE K-6 Music