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17 terms

Female Reproductive Endocrinology

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theca
Cells in this part of a follicle produce androgens
LH
This hormone signals the theca to produce androgens
1
This is the day in the cycle on which menses begins
FSH
This hormone is necessary for the development of the follicular antrum
Granulosa
This part of a follicle is responsible for estradiol production
androstenedione
This is the predominant androgen produced in the theca and exported to the granulosa
FSH
This hormone starts a signaling cascade in the granulosa cell that allows conversion of androstenedione to estrone
estrone
Androstenedione is converted to this estrogen in the granulosa cell
prostaglandins
These hormones cause vasospasm during menses, decreasing bleeding
estrogen
This hormone is critical for endometrial growth
estrogen
In the early/mid follicular phase, this hormone negatively feeds back upon GnRH, FSH and LH
positive
In the late follicular phase, is estrogen feedback positive or negative upon GnRH
inhibin
This granulosa product negatively feeds back on FSH in the late follicular phase
progesterone
This hormone positively feeds back on LH and GnRH during the late follicular phase
corpus luteum
After ovulation, this is the source of estrogen, progesterone and inhibin
negative
In the luteal phase, is estrogen feedback positive or negative upon GnRH
androgens
Pubic/axillary hair growth and libido are caused by these in women