36 terms

STAAR EOC WH The Rise of River Valley Civilizations 1

STUDY
PLAY
Anthropologists
People who study the artifacts and remains of humans in order to learn about the cultures of these people.
Great Rift Valley
a valley in East Africa where some of the earliest human fossils have been found
homo sapiens
The newest human breed, originating c. 120,000 years ago, of which all humans in the world today are descendants
Stone Age
The historical period characterized by the production of tools from stone and other nonmetallic substances. It was followed in some places by the Bronze Age and more generally by the Iron Age.
Ice Age
long period of extreme cold on Earth
Culture
people's way of life
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC
civilization
a form of human cu lture in which some people live in cities, have complex social institutions, use some form of writing, and are ski lled at using science and technology.
river valleys
first civilizations are all located here (Nile, Tigris & Euphrates, Indus and Hwang He)
Mesopotamia
Sometime between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago, the first river valley civilization developed
in ________________________.
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
"land between two rivers."
Umk, Ur, and
Babylon
Cities in Mesopotamia
polytheistic
Belief in many gods
theocracy
government run by religious leaders
ziggurats
temples built by Sumerians to honor the gods and goddesses they worshipped
Sumerians
the people of Sumer
cuneiform
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
Code of Hammurabi
the first written code, developed in Babylonia about 2000 BC.
Nile
River in Egypt; gave life to the Egyptian desert; Biannual flooding; longest river in the world (Over 4000 Mi. long) Had cataracts or rapids; provided fertile soil
pharaoh
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
monarchy
system of government in which political power is inherited
pyramid
a large triangular stone tomb where pharoahs were buried
EGYPTIAN ACCOMPLISHMENTS
Medicine, Hieroglyphics, pyramids, geometry, astronomy
Indus River Valley
Location of the first Indian Civilization
Harrappa and Mohenjo Daro
the largest cities in the Indus valley that had the world's first indoor plumbing
Huang He (Yellow River)
First river civilizations in China developed by these rivers.
dynasty
ruling family
Shang
1st Chinese dynasty.
Hebrews, or Israelites
they believed in one universal God, who was both just and all-powerful. This new religion was called Judaism.
Judaism
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
Monotheism
belief in a single God
Bible
the holy book of Christianity
Moses
(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
Ten Commandments
A set of laws for responsible behavior, which, according to the Bible, were given to Moses by God.
Sabbath
a holy day for rest and worship
"Thou shall not kill."
An example of the Ten Commandments