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23 terms

Chapter 16,17,18

The new south Settlement of the west Industrialization and labor
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Homestead act
Law passed by congress in 1862 that offered ownership of 160 acres of designated public lands to any citizen who lived on and improved the land for 5 years
pool
in business, an agreement to divide a given market in order to avoid competition.
Andrew Carnegie
Scottish-born industrialist who made a fortune in steel and believed the rich had a duty to act for the public benefit
vertical integration
the process of bringing together into a single company several of the activities in the process of creating a manufactured product, such as the acquiring of raw materials, the manufacturing of products, and the marketing, selling and distributing of finished goods process
laissez faire
the principle that the government should not interfere in the workings of the economy
social darwinism
the philosophical argument inspired by Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, that competition in human society produced "survival of the fittest" and therefore benefited society as a whole; it opposed efforts to regulate competitive practices
National labor union
federation of trade unions and reform societies organized at Baltimore in 1866; it lasted only six years but helped push through a law limiting government employees to an eight-hour workday
patronage system
system of appointment to government jobs that lets the winter in an election distribute nearly all appointive government jobs to loyal party members; also called spoil system
grange
organization of farmers that combined social activities with education about new methods of farming and cooperative economic efforts; formally called the patrons of Husbandry
granger laws
state laws establishing stranded freight and passenger rate on railroads, passed in several states in the 1970s in response to lobbying by Grange and other groups; including merchants
great railways strike of 1877
largely spontaneous strikes by railroad workers, triggered by wage cuts
William Seward
U.S secretary of states under Lincoln and Johnson, a former abolitionist who had expansionist views and arranged the purchase of Alaska from Russia
Monroe Doctrine
announcement by President James Monroe in 1823 that the Western Hemisphere was off-limits for future European colonial expansion
Henry Grady
prominent Atlanta newspaper publisher and leading proponent of the concept of a New South
Sitting Bull
Lakota war leader and holy man
crazy horse
Lakota leader who resisted white encroachment in the Black Hills and fought at the Little Big Horn River in 1876; he was killed by U.S. soldiers
Chief Joseph
Nez perce chief who led his people in an attempt to escape to Canada in 1877; after a grueling journey they were forced to surrender and were exiled to Indian teritory
mormons
members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints; founded in New York in 1830
Booker T Washington
former slave who became an educator and founded Tuskegee institute, a leading black educational institution; he argued southern African Americans to accept disfranchisement and segregation for the time being
grandfather clause
provision in Louisiana law that permitted a person to vote if his father or grandfather had been entitled to vote in 1867; designed to permit white men to vote who might otherwise be disfranchised by laws targeting blacks. often applied to any law that permit some people to evade current legal provisions based on past pratice
civil rights cases
a series of cases that came before Supreme Court in 1883, in which the Court ruled that private companies could legally discriminate against individuals based on race
Plessy v ferguson
Supreme Court decision in 1896 that upheld a Louisiana law requiring the segregation of railroad facilities on the grounds that "separate but equal" facilities were constitutional under the 14th amendment
W. E. B. Du bois
African American intellectual and civil rights leader, author of important works on black history and sociology who helped to form and lead NAACP