Educational Psych: Ch 10
Terms in this set (31)
The influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of behavior.
Basic requirements for physical and psychological well-being as identified by Maslow. These needs can be satisfied.
Needs for knowing, appreciating, and understanding, which people try to satisfy after their basic needs are met. These needs can never be fully satisfied.
A person's ability to develop his or her full potential.
A theory that focuses on how people explain the causes of their own successes and failures.
Locus of Control
A personality trait that determines whether people attribute responsibility for their own failure or success to internal or external factors.
A theory of motivation based on the belief that people's efforts to achieve depend on their expectations of reward.
A theory that relates the probability and the incentive value of success to motivation.
The desire to experience success and to participate in activities in which success depends on personal effort and abilities.
The goals of students who are motivated primarily by desire for knowledge acquisition and self-improvement. Also called mastery goals.
The goals of students who are motivated primarily by a desire to gain recognition from others and to earn good grades.
The expectation, based on experience, that one's actions will ultimately lead to failure.
An aspect of an activity that people enjoy and, therefore, find motivating.
A reward that is external to the activity, such as recognition or a good grade.
Information on the results of one's efforts.
Praise that is effective because it refers directly to specific task performances.
cause for a behavior that does not change over time
cause for a behavior that may change with time, day, or place
As a person grows in knowledge, the brain becomes more efficient
use of reward system to affect motivation and increase performance
motivated by deficiency needs before growth needs
A system of beliefs that stresses the potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasizes common human needs, and seeks solely rational ways of solving human problems.
engaging in behavior because it is personally rewarding; performing an activity for its own sake.
motivation to perform a behavior or engage in an activity to earn a reward or avoid punishment.
Symptoms of anxiety
Physical (shaking, sweating, etc), emotional (depression, low self-esteem, hopelessness), behavioral (fidgeting, avoidance, negative self-talk)
Examples of internal motivators
Personal enjoyment, moral "rightness," challenge, excitement
Examples of external motivators
Money, grades, fame, attention, tokens (tickets, etc), food
Strategies to increase intrinsic motivation
Choice, meaningful learning, curiosity, link to prior knowledge, need to know
Classroom practices that decrease motivation
Work that's too hard or too easy, poor relationships with students, focusing on the "best" students, boring or repetitive work, work is not "worth it"
Four possible attributions
Ability, Effort, Task Difficulty, Luck
Strategies to increase student engagement
Give students choices and some control, have an emotionally safe classroom, include all students, give specific feedback