Educational Psych: Ch 12
Terms in this set (40)
Learners with Exceptionalities
Any individuals whose physical, mental, or behavioral performance is so different from the norm--either higher or lower--that additional services are needed to meet the individuals' needs.
The limitation of a function, such as cognitive processing or physical or sensory abilities.
A condition imposed on a person with disabilities by society, the physical environment, or the person's attitude.
A conditions, usually present at birth, that results in below-average intellectual skills and poor adaptive behavior.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
An intelligence test score that should be near 100 for people of average intelligence.
Disorders that impede academic progress of people who are not mentally retarded or emotionally disturbed.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A disorder characterized by difficulties maintaining attention because of a limited ability to concentrate; includes impulsive actions and hyperactive behavior.
Oral articulation problems, occurring most frequently among children in the early elementary school grades.
Impairments in one's ability to understand language or to express ideas in one's native language.
Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Exceptionalities characterized by problems with learning, interpersonal relationships, and control of feelings and behavior.
Socioemotional and behavioral disorders that are indicated in individuals who, for example, are chronically disobedient or disruptive.
A category of disability that significantly affects social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and educational performance.
Problems with the ability to receive information through the body's senses.
Degree of uncorrectable inability to see well.
Degree of deafness; uncorrectable inability to hear well.
Exceptional intellectual ability, creativity, or talent.
Rapid promotion through advanced studies for students who are gifted or talented.
Programs in which assignments or activities are designed to broaden or deepen the knowledge of students who master classroom lessons quickly.
Programs that address the needs of students with mental, emotional, or physical disabilities.
Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)
P.L. 101-476, a federal law enacted in 1990 that changed the name of P.L. 94-142 and broadened services to adolescents with disabilities.
Least Restrictive Environment
Provision in IDEA that requires students with disabilities to be educated alongside peers without disabilities to the maximum extent possible.
Mainstreaming or Inclusion
The temporal, instructional, and social integration of eligible children having exceptionalities with peers who do not have exceptionalities based on an ongoing, individually determined educational planning and programming process.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
A program tailored to the needs of a learner with exceptionalities.
Process in which professionals work cooperatively to provide educational services.
Response to Intervention
Policies in which struggling children are given intensive assistance and evaluated for possible special-education services only if they fail to respond.
Arrangement whereby students who have disabilities or are at risk receive all their instruction in a general education setting; support services are brought to the student.
Traits of gifted students
Strong motivation, perfectionism, read early, high self-concept
Traits of children with Autism
Difficulty understanding social interactions, difficulty with communication, self-stimulating activities
Traits of children with ADHD
Limited ability to concentrate, impulsive actions, attention deficits, and hyperactive behavior
Traits of children with Learning Disabilities
Low academic self-esteem, delays in achievement, discrepancy between intelligence and achievement, immature social skills (see p. 359-360 for full list).
Traits of children with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders
Poor academic achievement, poor inter-personal relationships, poor self-esteem.
Often aggressive, overly anxious and/or depressed
Environmental factors correlated with disabilities
Environmental factors correlated with disabilities
Low SES, lack of early intervention, presence of lead and/or other poisons or poor prenatal care, unsafe or unstimulating home environment
People "first" language
The importance of ensuring that our language and choice of vocabulary and terminology in referring to people with disabilities convey the appropriate message of respect.
General term for a diverse group of disorders characterized by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or computing.
Teachers may skip over portions of the curriculum that the students who are very able do not need. A form of acceleration.
Cursor and mouse enhancement
Allows students who do not have sufficient fine motor control to use a keyboard. Utilities can be trained to recognize gestures made with mouse commands.
Allow students to scan documents that are then converted into editable word processing or spreadsheet documents.
Voice recognition software
Converts spoken word into written text.
Concept mapping software
Helps students understand the relationship between concepts by constructing, navigating, sharing and criticize knowledge models represented by concept maps.
Read aloud what is on the screen.