New Testament Survey Vocab D-H

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Terms in this set (36)
Ebionitesa group of second-century Adoptionists who maintained Jewish practices and Jewish forms of worship.Epistlea letter of a formal or didactic nature; the term is traditionally applied to the New Testament letters.Eschatologydiscourse about last things (Greek eschatos, "last").Essenesan ascetic, Jewish religious group existing at the time of the New Testament. They stressed radical obedience to the Jewish law.Ethicsa broad term applied to such related matters as moral codes and practices, theories of value, and the imperatives of Christian faith as they pertain to relations of one person to another.Eucharistderived from the Greek word meaning "thankfulness" and used of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper.Exegesisthe critical interpretation of a text. Literally the term means "to lead out" the meaning from the text.Expiation"making right," by means of some act or rite, the offense done by one party to another, especially expiation for sin before God.Form Criticismthe classification of the "forms" in which the tradition, especially the Gospel tradition, circulated before being written down.Gamaliela famous rabbi of first-century C.E. Judaism.GematriaJewish method of interpreting a word on the basis of the numerical value of its letters (in both Greek and Hebrew, the letters of the alphabet also serve as numerals).Genrethe literary type or form of a documentGentilea non-JewGnosticisma religious movement or attitude widespread about the time of the emergence of the Christian faith. Believers possessed a secret knowledge (gnosis) and sought to escape the ephemeral earthly world for the eternal heavenly world.Gospeloriginally the message of good news that God has revealed himself as gracious in the event of Jesus Christ. The term later came to designate also the literary form in which the good news of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection is narrated.Greco-Roman Worldthe lands (and culture) around the Mediterranean from the time of Alexander the Great to the Emperor Constantine, roughly 300 B.C.E. to 300 C.E.Haggadaha Hebrew term designating rabbinic traditions, usually in narrative form that illustrate the moral teaching of the Torah.Halakaha Hebrew term (meaning "to walk") designating rabbinic tradition regulating conduct.Hasmoneanthe actual family name for the Maccabees, leaders of the Jewish revolt against Syria.Hellenizationthe process or result of the spread of Greek language and culture in the Mediterranean after Alexander the Great.Hermeneuticsthe science dealing with the interpretation and the determination of the meaning of texts.Heresyany worldview or set of beliefs deemed by those in power to be deviant, from a Greek word meaning "choice."High Priestprior to 70 C.E., the highest-ranking authority in Judaism in charge of the operation of the Jerusalem Temple and its priests.Historiographythe literary reconstruction of historical events; the writing of history; and the study and analysis of historical narrative.Historical Criticismmethod that approaches the Bible with historical questions. Typically, its goal is to understand the historical setting of the Bible.Holythat which has to do with, is set apart for, God or the divine power & majesty.