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10 terms

Weather Terms

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meteorologist
scientist who studies weather
weather forecast
a prediction of future atmospheric conditions
weather
state of the atmosphere at any given time and place with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, and pressure (daily or hourly conditions)
climate
the weather conditions of a certain place or season, averaged over years, decades, or centuries
atmosphere
a layer of gases surrounding a planet. The Earth's atmosphere is divided into five layers: exosphere, thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, and troposphere.
sea level
the height or level of the sea surface at any given time
elevation
the height of a place above sea level
altitude
the vertical elevation of an object; the distance above sea level or above Earth's surface
air mass
a large region of the atmosphere where the air has similar properties throughout, such as temperature, humidity, and air pressure.
weather map
a picture of part of the Earth that uses symbols to show weather data, conditions, and systems