Government Vocab 1/16/17
Terms in this set (15)
Social contract theory
the view that persons' moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among them to form the society in which they live
Checks and balances
Features of the Constitution that limit government's power by requiring each branch to obtain the consent of the others for its actions, limiting and balancing power among the branches.
Issues that are perceived by the political community as meriting public attention and governmental action.
The concept that ultimate political authority is based on the will of the people.
psychological view of how you internalize the news
Buckley v Valeo
1st Amendment protects campaign spending; legislatures can limit contributions, but not how much one spends of his own money on campaigns.
One party controls the White House, and another controls one or both houses of Congress
Popular theory in political science to explain the actions of voters as well as politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their own best interest, carefully weighing the costs and benefits of possible alternatives.
The minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action.
a device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had the bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor
Ways and Means Committee
The House of Representatives committee that, along with the Senate Finance Committee, writes the tax codes, subject to the approval of Congress as a whole.
Veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
These occur when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president.
Popular name for an act passed by Congress in 1985 that sought to lower the national deficit to a specified level each year, cumulating a balanced budget in FY 1991. New reforms and deficit charges were agreed on in 1990.
A government that is subject to strict limits on its lawful uses of power, and hence on its ability to deprive people of their liberty.