How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

38 terms

Music Symbols

identify basic music symbols
STUDY
PLAY
time signature
tells how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets one beat
measure
space between two barlines
eighth notes
two eighth notes connected with a beam, equal to one beat
eighth rest
gets one half count of silence
bar line
divides the staff into measures
bass clef
Used for the lower sounding pitches. Also called F clef.
double bar
shows the end of a piece of music
decrescendo
gradually decreasing in volume, also written as decresc.
dotted half note
gets 3 counts of sound
eighth note
gets one-half count of sound
fermata
hold the note or rest longer than its time value
forte
loud volume
half note
gets 2 counts of sound
half rest
gets 2 counts of silence
flat
lowers the pitch of a note by one-half step
mezzo forte
medium loud volume
natural
cancels the effect of a flat or sharp
piano
soft volume
quarter note
gets one count of sound
quarter rest
gets one count of silence
repeat
go back and play again
sharp
raises the pitch of a note by one-half step
staff
the 5 lines and 4 spaces on which music is written
treble clef
Used for the higher sounding pitches. Also known as the G clef.
whole note
gets 4 counts of sound
whole rest
gets 4 counts of silence
diminuendo
gradually decreasing in volume
multiple measure rest
more than one measure rest
accent
play the note with more emphasis
fortissimo
very loud
key signature
flats or sharps placed between the clef sign and time signature
legato
play smooth and connected
mezzo piano
medium loud
pianissimo
very soft
staccato
play the notes short and detached
ritardando
gradually slowing down
tie
2 or more notes of the same pitch, connected with a curved line, add the time values together and play as one note
slur
2 or more notes of different pitch, connected with a curve line, tongue the first note and smoothly connect the other notes