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24 terms

Chapter 3: Culture

Everything that was taught in class about the chapter
STUDY
PLAY
What is high culture
1) Societies elite (high class) <Country Club members>
What is popular culture
A wide spread pattern < Baseball games, Youtube>
What is culture
The values , beliefs, behavior and material objects that together form a peoples way of life
What is culture shock
The feelings of surprise and disorientation that is experienced when people encounter cultural practices different from their own
What is ethnocentrism
The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others
What is cultural Relativism
The viewing of people's behaviors from the perspective of their own culture
What is non material culture
Intangible world of ideas created by members of society
What is material culture
Tangible things created by members of a society
What are the five aspect of non material culture
Language, Symbol, Value, Belief, Norms
What is language
A system of symbols used to allow people to communicate
What is symbol
1) Anything that has a meaning for a culture 2) Shapes reality 3) varies from culture to culture and varies within one culture
What is value
Is culturally defined as the Idea about what is good, beautiful and desirable <Broad Guildelines>
What are Beliefs
Specific statements people hold to be true
What is Norms
1) Rules and expectations of a culture 2) guide the behaviors of society members
What is Formal Norm
Norms that general have been written down and that specify strict rules for punishment of violations
What is Informal Norm
Norms that are generally understood but are not precisely recorded
What is Mores
Norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society
What is Folkways
Norms governing everyday social behavior whose violation raises comparatively little concern
What is proscriptive norm
Norms that tell us what not to do <Strong NO messeges>
What is prescriptive norm
Norms that tell us what to do <Strong yes messages>
What mechanisms cause culture to change
1) Invention- a creation of something new 2) Discovery - something that has already been there but we hadto knowledge of it 3) Diffusion- merging of a culture into another culture 4) cultureal intergration - various aspects od culture are closey related 5) culture lag - when element of culture changes faster than others
What is subculture
A segment of society that shares a distinctive pattern of mores, folkways and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society <Gothic, Punks, Cowboys>
What is countercultures
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture< KKK, The Amish, Terrosim>
Analyzing Rave culture using the Five aspects of non material
Symbols ( Lasers, Glow Sticks)/ Values (Dancing, Self-Expression and Enjoyment)/ Language (Dancing, Cursing, Slang)/ Norms (Drugs, Younger individuals doing harder forms of drugs, and Cursing)/ Beliefs ( Believe that you should dance and they do it for fun and not just for the money)