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What is culture
The values , beliefs, behavior and material objects that together form a peoples way of life
What is culture shock
The feelings of surprise and disorientation that is experienced when people encounter cultural practices different from their own
What is ethnocentrism
The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others
What is cultural Relativism
The viewing of people's behaviors from the perspective of their own culture
What is symbol
1) Anything that has a meaning for a culture 2) Shapes reality 3) varies from culture to culture and varies within one culture
What is value
Is culturally defined as the Idea about what is good, beautiful and desirable <Broad Guildelines>
What is Formal Norm
Norms that general have been written down and that specify strict rules for punishment of violations
What is Folkways
Norms governing everyday social behavior whose violation raises comparatively little concern
What mechanisms cause culture to change
1) Invention- a creation of something new 2) Discovery - something that has already been there but we hadto knowledge of it 3) Diffusion- merging of a culture into another culture 4) cultureal intergration - various aspects od culture are closey related 5) culture lag - when element of culture changes faster than others
What is subculture
A segment of society that shares a distinctive pattern of mores, folkways and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society <Gothic, Punks, Cowboys>
What is countercultures
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture< KKK, The Amish, Terrosim>
Analyzing Rave culture using the Five aspects of non material
Symbols ( Lasers, Glow Sticks)/ Values (Dancing, Self-Expression and Enjoyment)/ Language (Dancing, Cursing, Slang)/ Norms (Drugs, Younger individuals doing harder forms of drugs, and Cursing)/ Beliefs ( Believe that you should dance and they do it for fun and not just for the money)
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