Period 3 600-1450 Key Concepts Regional & Transregi
Expansion & Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks/
Terms in this set (30)
Existing trade routes promoting growth of new trading cities. Provide at least 5 examples of new trade cities.
Novgorod, Timbuktu, Swahili city-states, Hangzhou, Calicut, Baghdad, Melaka, Venice, Tenochtitlan, Cahokia
What transportation and commercial technologies developed?
caravan organization, use of the compass, astrolable, larger ships for sea travel and new forms of credit and money.
Name 6 luxury goods that were traded.
silk and cotton textiles (cloth), porcelain (from China), spices (from India), precious metals & gems, slaves & exotic animals (from Africa)
Describe 2 elements of caravan organization.
caravanserai (road side inns) and camel saddles (seat stools)
Name some forms of credit & monetization that developed over time.
Bills of exchange (currency), credit, checks, banking houses
What were some state practices that made trade more efficient?
States minted coins and used paper money, sponsored trade organization and governments built commercial infrastructures (like the Grand Canal in China) to make trading easier.
What was the Hanseatic League?
Northern German cities that united to protect and promote trade business in Northern European cities.
What empires expanded trade and communication by using conquered people as a part of their economies and trade networks?
China, Byzantine, Caliphates, Mongols
How did Scandinavian Vikings adapt to the environment?
Vikings used longships to travel in coastal, river and estuary (where fresh and salt water meets) waters
How did the Arabs and Berbers adapt to their environment?
Arabs and Berbers used camels to travel across the Sahara desert.
How did nomadic pastoral groups adapt to Central Asian environment?
Mongols and other pastoral nomads used horses to travel in the steppe region (grasslands of Mongolia)
What did the Bantu-speaking people bring with them when they migrated to SubSaharan Africa?
Bantu moved and taught others farming techniques and ironworking.
How did Polynesian people survive when they moved to new islands?
Polynesian people travelled by canoe, transplanted foods and domesticated animals
Provide 2 examples of the "diffusion of languages".
Spread of Bantu languages including Swahili and the spread of Turkic and Arabic languages
Where and with whom did Islam originate?
The religion began in the Arabian peninsula with the prophet Muhammad
How did Muslims refer to Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians?
As People of the Book
How did Muslim rule expand to Afro-Eurasia?
Islam expanded with military conquest, and the activties of merchants and missionaries.
Diasporic communities develop along trade routes as merchants interact with locals. Describe 4 diasporic communities.
1.Muslim merchants in the Indian Ocean region; 2.Chinese merchants in Southeast Asia, 3.Sogdian (Iranian) merchant communities throughout Central Asia; 4.Jewish communities in the Mediterranean, Indian Ocean basin and along the Silk Roads.
Name 3 Interregional travelers that shared intercultural knowledge and understanding.
1. Ibn Battuta (Muslim scholar and merchant) 2. Marco Polo (Merchant from Venice) 3. Xuanzang (Buddhist Monk)
What cross cultural interactions are evident in literature, art and culture of East Asia?
Neoconfucianism, Buddhism - began in India and spread to China.
What cross cultural interactions are evident in literature, art and culture of SouthEast Asia?
Hinduism and Buddhism (think of architectural examples)
What cross cultural interactions are evident in literature, art and culture in Sub Saharan Africa & SouthEast Asia?
Islam and Hinduism(think of architectural examples)
What cross cultural interactions are evident in art and culture in MesoAmerica and the Andes?
Toltec, Mexica, and Incan tradition.
By what groups were Muslim scholar influenced in mathematics?
The Greeks and Indians
For what is Muslim al-Andalus in Iberia remembered?
He returned Greek science and philosophy to Western Europe.
Printing and gunpowder technologies spread from East Asia to where?
Islamic empires and Western Europe adopted the technologies of printing and gunpowder.
What was the impact of the Black Death?
1. Decline in population 2. amelioration of peasants 3. end to feudal structure 4. Mongols first users of biological warfare 5. city growth 6.religious divisions
What new foods and agricultural techniques were adopted in populated regions?
Bananas in Africa, new rice varieties in East Asia, and the spread of cotton, sugar, citrus throught the Muslim and Mediterranean world
What is the term for the Muslim ruled world?
Dar Al-Islam (World of Submission)
What was the term for expansion of Islam in AfroEurasia creating new less centralized states?