11th Grade Literary Terms for Midterms (American Literature)
Terms in this set (60)
Puritan Plain Style
A form of writing that uses very few figures of speech and is written in simplistic form.
The order in which a series of events occurs.
A reference to someone or something from any branch of culture.
To make an educated guess based on evidence.
The firsthand account of a writer's own life.
An elaborate metaphor that compares two very different things.
A brief, cleverly worded statement that reveals truth.
A question that is asked for effect.
A distinctive way in which a writer uses language.
The repeated use of sentences, clauses, or phrases.
A type of writing that ridicules the short-comings of people or institutions, usually in an attempt to bring about change.
Figures of Speech
A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another.
A form of writing or speaking that aims to move an audience to take a specific action.
A form of writing or speaking that aims to move an audience by invoking feelings.
The name given to the school of thought that values feelings and intuition over reason.
The name given to the school of thought that values logic and reason over emotion.
A genre of literature that holds the same beliefs as Romanticism but that focuses on the dark side of human nature.
The physical, gepgraphical, and historical environment in which a story takes place.
The use of clues to hint at what will happen next in the story.
When a piece of work presents a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Poetic device in which the sounds of words are used to echo the words or sense.
The use of language to evoke a picture or concrete sensation of a person, place, thing, or experience.
A specific type of inference---a conclusion that extends the ideas in a text to a broader situation.
A literary device that is a statement that appears self-contradictory but reveals a kind of truth.
The mood or overall feeling created in a piece of writing.
A story or poem in which the characters, setting, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities.
Point of View
The vantage point from which a writer tells a story.
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself.
First-person Point of View
A point of view in which one of the characters in the story tells the story, tells the story using pronouns such as "I" and "we".
Third-person Limited Point of View
A point of view in which an unknown narrator, usually thought of as the author, tells the story, but this narrator zooms in to focus on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
Omniscient Point of View
A point of view in which the narrator is "all-knowing" and can tell the thoughts and feelings of all the characters.
Objective Point of View
A point of view in which the narrator is totally impersonal and tells the story with no comment on any characters or events.
The insight about life that is revealed in a literary work.
An individual in a story or play.
A relatively short story that teaches a moral or lesson about how to lead a good life.
The attitude a writer takes toward the subject of the work, the characters in it, or the audience.
A long narrative poem, written in heightened language, which recounts the deeds of a heroic character, who embodies the values of a particular society.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as "like", "as", "than", or "resembles."
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using a word such as "like", "as", "than", or "resembles."
The reason for which an author writes, can be to persuade, inform, or entertain.
The intended readers or viewers of a piece of work.
The reason for a character's behavior.
An elaborate metaphor or other figure of speech that compares two things that are startlingly different.
An account of someone's life written by another person.
A comparison made between two things to show how they are alike.
A very brief story, told to illustrate a point or to serve as an example of something.
A speaker or writer's choice of words.
The struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story.
The use of specific words built in around an unfamiliar word to help determine its meaning.
The reversal of normal word order in a sentence or phrase.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.
A metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, as in the word "protect."
The repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.
In general, a discrepancy between appearances and reality.
A metrical foot consisting of two syllables, both of which are stressed.
A fourteen-line poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, that has one of two basic structures.
A word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for effect, several times in a poem.
A metrical unit of poetry.
A nostalgic work describing a pleasant rural scene or homey setting.
The series of events in a story or play, sometimes called the story line.
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