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169 terms

Crime and Punishment Vocab

Block 7's vocab for Crime and Punishment. This list will appear shorter than DWil's list by a few words. This is because I removed the repeated words (fastidious, fastidiousness). Enjoy!
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Abnegation
n. Self-denial; a refusal or denial
Abscess
n. Collection of pus in part of the body, formed by tissue disintegration and surrounded by an inflamed area.
Absent
adj. Not in a certain place at a given time; lacking; not present
Accursed
adj. Under a curse; doomed; ill-fated
Admonition
n. Counsel, advice, or caution; a warning given by a church official
Amiably
adv. Done in a friendly or plesent manner
Apropos
adv. Fitting; at the right time; adj. opportune; pertinent
Aureole
n. A radiance surrounding the head or the whole figure in the representation of a sacred personage; a halo
Aversion
n. A strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy
Balalaika
n. A Russian musical instrument having a triangular body and a neck like that of a guitar.
Base
adj. Morally low; without estimable personal qualities; dishonorable; meanspirited; selfish; cowardly; of little or no value, worthless
Benefactor
n. A person who makes a bequest or endowment, as to an institution; helper
Benevolence
n. Desire to do good to others; goodwill; charitableness
Bequeath
v. To dispose of (personal property, esp. money) by last will
Bilious
adj. Of, relating to, or containing bile (a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, esp. of fats.)
Blackguard
n. A low, contemptible person; scoundrel
Blurt
v. To utter suddenly or inadvertently; divulge impulsively or unadvisedly
Brandish
v. To shake or wave, as a weapon; flourish
Brigand
n. A bandit, esp. one of a band of robbers in mountain or forest regions.
Brocade
n. Fabric woven with an elaborate design, esp. one having a raised overall pattern.
Brooch
n. A clasp or ornament having a pin at the back for passing through the clothing and a catch for securing the point of the pin.
Brooded
v. To think or worry persistently or moodily about; ponder
Buxom
adj. (of a woman) full-bosomed; (of a woman) healthy, plump, cheerful, and lively.
Calumny
n. A false and malicious statement designed to injure the reputation of someone or something
Cambric
n. A thin, plain cotton or linen fabric of fine close weave, usually white
Candid
adj. Frank; outspoken; open and sincere; straightforward; forthright
Capricious
adj. Subject to, led by, or indicative of caprice or whim; mercurial
Casuist
n. An oversubtle or disingenuous reasoner, esp. in questions of morality; a person who studies and resolves moral problems of judgment or conduct arising in specific situations.
Casuistry
n. Specious, deceptive, or oversubtle reasoning, esp. in questions of morality; fallacious or dishonest application of general principles; sophistry.
Censure
n. Strong or vehement expression of disapproval
Charlatan
n. A person who pretends to more knowledge or skill than he or she possesses; quack
Cockaded
n. A rosette, knot of ribbon, etc., usually worn on the hat as part of a uniform, as a badge of office, or the like.
Cock-sparrow
n. A male sparrow
Coiner
n. One who makes or handles coins
Complacent
adj. Pleased, esp. with oneself or one's merits, advantages, situation, etc., often without awareness of some potential danger or defect; self-satisfied
Concertina
n. A musical instrument resembling an accordion but having buttonlike keys, hexagonal bellows and ends, and a more limited range
Confess
v. To acknowledge or avow (a fault, crime, misdeed, weakness, etc.) by way of revelation; to own or admit as true; to declare or acknowledge (one's sins), esp. to God or a priest in order to obtain absolution.
Congealed
v. To change from a soft or fluid state to a rigid or solid state, as by cooling or freezing
Conscious
adj. Aware of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings
Consternation
n. A sudden, alarming amazement or dread that results in utter confusion; dismay.
Consumptive
n. A person who suffers from tuberculosis
Contorted
adj. Twisted in a violent manner; distorted
Conventional
adj. Conforming or adhering to accepted standards, as of conduct or taste: conventional behavior; ordinary rather than different or original
Conviction
n. A fixed or firm belief
Countenance
n. Appearance, esp. the look or expression of the face; calm facial expression; composure
Cravat
n. Necktie; a cloth, often made of or trimmed with lace, worn about the neck by men
Crinoline
n. A petticoat of haircloth or other stiff material, worn under a full skirt to keep it belled out
Cupola
n. A light structure on a dome or roof, serving as a belfry, lantern, or belvedere
Decamped
v. To depart from a camp; to pack up equipment and leave a camping ground; to depart quickly, secretly, or unceremoniously
Decanter
n. A vessel, usually an ornamental glass bottle, for holding and serving wine, brandy, or the like.
Deposition
n. The removal from an office or position; the reinterment of the body or the relics of a saint; the giving of testimony under oath
Depravity
n. Moral corruption or degradation; turpitude
Dictate
v. To say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record
Dissembler
v. To give a false or misleading appearance to; conceal the truth or real nature of
Dray
n. A low, strong cart without fixed sides, for carrying heavy loads
Edify
v. To instruct or benefit, esp. morally or spiritually; uplift
Egoist
n. A self-centered or selfish person; an arrogantly conceited person
Elude
v. To avoid or escape by speed, cleverness, trickery; to escape the understanding, perception, or appreciation of
Enigmatic
adj. Resembling an enigma (a puzzling or inexplicable occurrence or situation); perplexing; mysterious
Entreaty
n. Earnest request or petition; supplication
Estimable
adj. Worthy of esteem; deserving respect or admiration
Expostulate
v. To reason earnestly with someone against something that person intends to do or has done; remonstrate
Fastidiousness
n. A careful or meticulous attention to detail
Fetching
adj. Charming; captivating, as of a person
Filigree
n. Delicate ornamental work of fine silver, gold, or other metal wires; anything very delicate or fanciful
Foppish
adj. Resembling or befitting a fop (a man who is excessively vain and concerned about his dress, appearance, and manners); excessively refined and fastidious in taste and manner
Frayed
v. To wear (cloth, rope, etc.) to loose, raveled threads or fibers at the edge or end; cause to ravel out
Garret
n. An attic, usually a small, wretched one
Gaudy
adj. Brilliantly or excessively showy: gaudy plumage; cheaply showy in a tasteless way; flashy
Giddiness
n. Silliness, dizziness, or lightheadedness; vertigo
Guffaw
n. A loud, unrestrained burst of laughter
Hapless
adj. Unlucky; luckless; unfortunate
Harlot
n. A prostitute; *****
Harpy
n. a ravenous, filthy monster having a woman's head and a bird's body; a scolding, nagging, bad-tempered woman
Hemmed
v. To fold back and sew down the edge of (cloth, a garment, etc.); form an edge or border on or around
Homage
n. Respect or reverence paid or rendered
Huckster
n. A retailer of small articles, esp. a peddler of fruits and vegetables; hawker; a person who employs showy methods to effect a sale, win votes
Hypochondriac
adj. Pertaining to or suffering from hypochondria (excessive worry or talk about one's health)
Imbibe
v. To consume (liquids) by drinking; drink; to absorb or soak up, as water, light, or heat; to take or receive into the mind
Imperiously
adj. Domineering in a haughty manner; dictatorial; overbearing; urgent; imperative
Impetuously
adj. Of, pertaining to, or characterized by sudden or rash action, emotion, etc.; impulsive
Impudent
adj. Of, pertaining to, or characterized by impertinence or effrontery; shameless or brazenly immodest
Incredulous
adj. Disinclined or indisposed to believe; skeptical; indicating or showing unbelief
Indecorous
adj. Violating generally accepted standards of good taste or propriety; unseemly
Indignation
n. Strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base; righteous anger
Ineradicable
adj. Not capable of being eradicated, rooted out, or completely removed
Ingenuously
adj. Characterized by cleverness or originality of invention or construction
Iniquity
n. Gross injustice or wickedness; a violation of right or duty; wicked act; sin
Insolence
n. Contemptuously rude or impertinent behavior or speech
Inveterate
adj. Settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling
Jaunty
adj. Easy and sprightly in manner or bearing
Listless
adj. Having or showing little or no interest in anything; languid; spiritless; indifferent
Loathing
n. Strong dislike or disgust; intense aversion
Magnanimous
adj. Generous in forgiving an insult or injury; free from petty resentfulness or vindictiveness
Malignance
n. The state or quality of being malignant (disposed to cause harm, suffering, or distress deliberately; feeling or showing ill will or hatred)
Manifestation
n. Outward or perceptible indication; materialization
Mawkish
adj. Characterized by sickly sentimentality; weakly emotional
Mazurka
n. A lively Polish dance in moderately quick triple meter
Meddle
v. To involve oneself in a matter without right or invitation; interfere officiously and unwantedly
Mincing
adj. Affectedly dainty, nice, or elegant
Mirth
n. Gaiety or jollity, esp. when accompanied by laughter
Monomania
n. A psychosis characterized by thoughts confined to one idea or group of ideas; an inordinate or obsessive zeal for or interest in a single thing, idea, subject
Moored
v. To secure (a ship, boat, dirigible, etc.) in a particular place, as by cables and anchors or by lines
Morbid
adj. Suggesting an unhealthy mental state or attitude; unwholesomely gloomy, sensitive
Morose
adj. Gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood
Obstinacy
n. The quality or state of being obstinate; stubbornness; unyielding or stubborn adherence to one's purpose, opinion, etc
Obstinately
adj. Firmly or stubbornly adhering to one's purpose, opinion, etc.; not yielding to argument, persuasion, or entreaty
Paralysis
n. A loss or impairment of voluntary movement in a body part, caused by injury or disease of the nerves, brain, or spinal cord
Parapet
n. A defensive wall or elevation, as of earth or stone, in a fortification
Parasol
n. A lightweight umbrella used, esp. by women, as a sunshade
Pardon
n. Kind indulgence, as in forgiveness of an offense or discourtesy or in tolerance of a distraction or inconvenience
Paroxysm
n. Any sudden, violent outburst; a fit of violent action or emotion
Pecuniary
adj. Of or pertaining to money
Pelisse
n. An outer garment lined or trimmed with fur; a woman's long cloak with slits for the arms
Peremptorily
adj. Leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative
Perfect
v. To bring to completion; finish
Pikestaff
n. The shaft of an infantry pike; a foot traveler's staff with a metal point or spike at the lower end
Plaintive
adj. Expressing sorrow or melancholy; mournful
Poignant
adj. Keenly distressing to the feelings
Pomaded
v. to dress with pomade (a scented ointment, esp. one used for the scalp or for dressing the hair)
Pomatum
n. A scented ointment, esp. one used for the scalp or for dressing the hair
Portly
adj. Rather heavy or fat; stout; corpulent
Preponderance
n. The fact or quality of being preponderant; superiority in weight, power, numbers, etc.
Prepossessing
adj. That impresses favorably; engaging or attractive
Presentiment
n. A feeling or impression that something is about to happen, esp. something evil; foreboding
Propensity
n. A natural inclination or tendency
Propound
v. To put forward or offer for consideration, acceptance, or adoption; set forth; propose
Prudence
n. Caution with regard to practical matters; discretion
Punctilious
adj. Strict or exact in the observance of the formalities or amenities of conduct or actions
Quaking
v. To shake or tremble from cold, weakness, fear, anger, or the like
Repugnance
n. Strong distaste, aversion, or objection; antipathy
Revile
v. To assail with contemptuous or opprobrious language; address or speak of abusively
Rogue
n. A dishonest, knavish person; scoundrel; a tramp or vagabond
Sage
n. Someone venerated for the possession of wisdom, judgment, and experience
Sally (n)
n. A sudden rushing forth or activity; an excursion or trip, usually off the main course
Samovar
n. A metal urn, used esp. by Russians for heating water for making tea
Sedate
v. To put (a person) under sedation (the calming of mental excitement or abatement of physiological function, esp. by the administration of a drug)
Self-abasement
n. Humiliation of oneself, esp. as a result of guilt, shame, or the like
Sententiously
adv. Done in a self-righteous or excessively moralizing nature
Shattered
v. To break (something) into pieces, as by a blow; to damage, as by breaking or crushing
Sinister
adj. Threatening or portending evil, harm, or trouble; ominous
Skinflint
n. A mean, contemptable person; miser
Slavishly
adv. In a manner resembling a slave; done submissively
Sloven
n. A person who is habitually negligent of neatness or cleanliness in dress, appearance, etc
Sojourning
v. To stay for a time in a place; live temporarily
Solitude
n. The state of being or living alone; seclusion
Souse
v. To plunge into water or other liquid; immerse
Speculator
n. A person who makes advance purchases of tickets, as to games or theatrical performances, that are likely to be in demand, for resale later at a higher price
Spleen
n. A highly vascular, glandular, ductless organ, situated in humans at the cardiac end of the stomach, serving chiefly in the formation of mature lymphocytes, in the destruction of worn-out red blood cells, and as a reservoir for blood
Stimulus
n. Something that incites to action or exertion or quickens action, feeling, thought, etc.
Stupefaction
n. The state of being stupefied; stupor; overwhelming amazement
Succor
n. Help; relief; aid; assistance; a person or thing that gives help, relief, aid, etc.
Sumptuous
adj. Entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly; luxuriously fine or large; lavish; splendid
Supercilious
adj. Haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a facial expression
Thronging
v. To assemble, collect, or go in large numbers; crowd
Transgress
v. to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc.); to go beyond the limits imposed by (a law, command, etc.)
Treacle
n. contrived or unrestrained sentimentality; molasses, esp. that which is drained from the vats used in sugar refining
Tribulation
n. Grievous trouble; severe trial or suffering
Trifle(s)
n. An article or thing of very little value; a matter, affair, or circumstance of trivial importance or significance
Tryst
n. An appointment to meet at a certain time and place, esp. one made somewhat secretly by lovers
Unbearable
adj. Not bearable; unendurable; intolerable
Uncouth
adj. Awkward, clumsy, or unmannerly
Unfeigned
adj. Not feigned; sincere; genuine
Unmitigated
adj. Not mitigated; not softened or lessened; absolute
Verst
n. A Russian measure of distance equivalent to 3500 feet or 0.6629 mile or 1.067 kilometers
Vexation
n. The state of being vexed; irritation; annoyance
Voluptuous
adj. Full of, characterized by, or ministering to indulgence in luxury, pleasure, and sensuous enjoyment
Vouchsafed
v. To grant or give, as by favor, graciousness, or condescension
Writhing
v. To twist the body about, or squirm, as in pain, violent effort, etc.