US History Final
Terms in this set (79)
Many People increased their debt by buying on credit during what decade?
Over-speculation was one factor that contributed to this event in 1929
Stock Market Crash
What event in 1815 boosted a sense of patriotism and unity among US citizens?
Battle of New Orleans
What Native American supported unification of Indians in resistance to the US Government?
What group migrated to the western US to escape religious persecution?
Which part of the Compromise of 1850 received the greatest support from southern farmers?
A "stricter" fugitive slave law
What uncovered scandals and evoked people's emotions during the Progressive Era? (think The Jungle and On Lynchings)
What type of Diplomacy did President Taft use to promote US commercial interests overseas?
What treaty in 1795 gave the US the right to navigate the Mississippi River?
What factor added to the hardships of Midwestern farmers during the Great Depression?
The dust bowl
What economic policy did President Franklin D. Roosevelt use to respond to the Great Depression?
After the US Supreme Court ruled that several New Deal programs were unconstitutional, how did FDR try to influence future decisions of the Court?
"Packing the Court" with more justices
What policy did some European nations take in their relations with Germany between 1931 and 1939 that allowed Hitler to expand his empire?
What right did most white women have in the US during the Federalist period?
The right to inherat land
What did the US Congress pass in 1798 to prevent government opposition of a political party not in power?
Alien and Sedition Acts
What was written to argue the states' right to nullify acts of the federal government?
Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions
Thomas Jefferson interpreted the Constitution strictly, except when he made this agreement...
The Louisiana Purchase
Teddy Roosevelt built up our ships to establish the US as a naval power, what was the nickname for this?
The "Great White Fleet"
As a response to Jim Crow Laws, what movement was started in the early 1900s?
What legislation made business monopolies illegal but was ineffective in the late 1800s?
Sherman Anti Trust Act
What invention made western farming more efficient in the mid 1800s?
What increased settlement and growth in the West during the mid 1800s?
1) Withdrawal of Federal troops from the South
2) Funding for transportation improvements
3) Presidential Cabinet Positions for Democrats
Democratic benefits from the Compromise of 1877
What prevented black males from voting and denied them a voice in the government even after the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment?
US intervention led to the overthrow of what country's monarchy in the late 1800s?
In 1898, William Randolph Hearst reportedly sent a message to his photographer in Cuba that said, "You provide the photographs and I'll furnish the war?" What technique is this describing?
Which event is associated with the outbreak of war between the US and Spain in 1898?
Sinking of the USS Maine
How has a revival of nativism in the late 20th century affected recent immigration?
Increased Support for restricting Imigration
What country did President Clinton use force in an attempt to bring an end to regional conflicts?
The political trend that used false accusations of communism as a weapon against political opponents
What policy did the US govt use to respond to the Cold War tensions of the 1950s?
Which US initiative was designed to provide financial aid for war-torn European countries after WWII?
The Marshall Plan
What "Doctrine" argued that the US must help protect independent nations from communist aggression?
What international organization was created immediately after WWII to promote world peace and cooperation among nations?
The United Nations
Immigrants were more likely to settle in urban, industrial centers rather than rural, agricultural regions to work where?
What group would have supported the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?
What political party formed with the desire to lift the burden of debt from farmers and other workers?
During the mid to late 1800s, what area of farmers were more affected by high railroad rates?
Farmers in the West
What started men's and women's athletics to gain equal funding?
Title IX (9)
The US Supreme Court decisions during this Chief Justice defined rights for criminals and expanded rights for citizens
Chief Justice Earl Warren
Instead of LBJ's "Great Society" programs, what did most federal money go towards?
Which group represents the counterculture of the 1960s?
What event caused the demise of the Knights of Labor?
Haymarket Square RIot
What was passed to end the abuses of the Spoils System?
What did Andrew Johnson violate that caused Congress to impeach him?
Tenure of Office Act
The federal government showed its power over state governments during the Reconstruction Period by dividing the South up into _____________ ____________ _______?
Military occupied Zones
What abolished slavery in the US?
What document authored by Abraham Lincoln made it hard for foreign nations to recognize and support the Confederacy because of its belief in slavery?
Susan B. Anthony mainly fought for _________ ___________.
Who promoted the basic human rights of the mentally ill?
What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act allow that led to armed conflict between slave owners and abolitionists?
Popular Sovereignty to decide on slavery.
What did Martin Luther King Jr. and Cesar Chavez use to achieve social change?
Nonviolent boycotts and protests
What allowed military activity in Vietnam without a congressional declaration of war?
Gulf of Tonkin Resolutions
What was the organization formed by Kennedy to improve relations with Latin America? (This is the one that failed)
Alliance for Progress
What did many US families do because of the threat of a nuclear war between the US and the Soviet Union as the Cold War intensified?
Built Bomb Shelters in their backyards
What government agency was developed in response to Cold War confrontations?
Central Intelligence Agency, CIA
The growth of suburbia, consumerism, and economic prosperity occurred after what war?
What president decided to use the atomic bomb near the end of WWII to save the lives of US soldiers who would have had to invade mainland Japan?
What advertising campaign represented the expanding role of women in the workplace during WWII?
Rosie the Riveter
What group of women challenged tradition values and roles during the 1920s?
What leader founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association which advocated a return to Africa for blacks?
The Roaring Twenties happened during an era where selling, drinking, transporting, or buying alcohol was illegal. What was this term called?
The Kellogg-Briand Pact represented the desire of the US and European nations to follow what policy?
What country helped the Allied forces win WWI by being strong and energized?
The United States
How were civil liberties of US citizens threatened during WWI? (Think Schenck v. US)
The US government restricted Freedom of Speech
What was one of the reasons the US entered WWI
Sinking of the Lusitania
This group benifited the most from reform legislation passed during the Progressive Era
What production technique was used during the early 20th century to expand modern consumerism by producing goods efficiently?
The Assembly Line
Why did the US act as an imperial power during the late 1800s?
There was a need for new markets for US goods.
One business strategy during the late 1800s used by industrialists to establish a monopoly.
J.P Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, & John Rockefeller were examples of late 1800s _____________.
In the 1830-1850 period, this section of the US most opposed a protective tariff
Economic activity that had the greatest impact on the southeastern US between 1800-1860
Between 1820-1850 Westward Expansion was causing a debate over extending __________ in the new territories.
President who relocated American Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River
Event that attempted to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait
Operation Desert Storm
Event: The Nixon Administration's attempt to cover up a burglary at the Democratic National Committee Headquarters
US President that regarded universal health care as a major issue the federal govt should resolve
Event during the 1970s that resulted in the US increasing its regulation of nuclear power plants
The Three Mile Island Incident
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