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Anthropology Ch. 1
Terms in this set (29)
An approach that considers culture, history, language, and biology essential to a complete understanding of human society.
A group of people who depend on one another for survival or well-being as well as the relationships among such people.
The major way in which human beings adapt to their environments and give meaning to their lives.
The study of human thought, meaning, and behavior that is learned rather than genetically transmitted, and that is typical of groups of people.
Description of the cultural past based on written records, interviews, and archaeology.
A branch of linguistics concerned with understanding language and its relation to culture.
Study relationships among languages to better understand the histories and migrations of those who speak them.
The subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on the reconstruction of past cultures based on their material remains.
Societies for which w have no usable written records.
Any object made or modified by human beings.
Artifacts that cannot easily be moved, such as ruins of buildings, burials, and fire pits.
The archaeological investigation of current-day cities.
Cultural resource management (CRM)
The protection and management of archaeological, archival, and architectural resources.
Biological (or physical) anthropology
The subdiscipline of anthropology that studies people from a biological perspective, focusing primarily on aspects of humankind that are genetically inherited.
The subdiscipline of anthropology concerned with tracing the evolution of humankind in the fossil record.
The subdiscipline of anthropology concerned with mapping and explaining physical differences among modern human groups.
A member of a biological order of mammals that includes human beings, apes, and monkeys as well as prosimians.
The application of anthropology to the solution of human problems.
Groups of people who have occupied a region for a long time and are recognized by other groups as its original inhabitants.
The study of illness and health across cultures.
The application of biological anthropology to the identification of skeletalized or badly decomposed human remains.
Judging other cultures based on the perspective of one's own culture.
A situation where social or moral norms are confused or entirely absent; often caused by rapid social change.
The belief that some human populations are superior to others because of inherited, genetically transmitted characteristics.
The notion that all human groups have the same biological and mental capabilities.
The notion that a culture should not be judged or evaluated according to the values of another culture.
Examining society using concepts, categories, and distinctions that are meaningful to members of that culture.
Examining society using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; an outsider's perspective, that, which produces analyses that members of the society being studied may not find meaningful.
The comparative study of human societies and cultures.
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