Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
The Science of Nutrition - Chapter 1
The role of nutrition in our health
Terms in this set (40)
The plants and animals we consume.
The scientific study of food and how it nourishes the body and influences health.
A disease characterized by a gradual onset and long duration, with signs and symptoms that are difficult to interpret, and which respond poorly to medical treatment.
A multidimensional, life-long process that includes physical, emotional, and spiritual health.
Chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth and function.
A substance or nutrient that contains the element carbon.
A substance or nutrient that does not contain carbon.
Nutrients that the body requires in relatively large amounts to support normal function and health. Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins are ______.
The primary fuel source for the body, particularly for the brain and for physical exercise.
A diverse group of organic substances that are insoluble in water; includes triglycerides, phospholipids, and sterols.
The only macronutrient that contains nitrogen; its basic building blocks are amino acids.
Organic compounds that assist in regulating physiologic processes.
Nutrients needed in relatively small amounts to support normal health and body fundtions; vitamins and minerals are these.
Vitamins that are not soluble in water but soluble in fat. These include vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Vitamins that are soluble in water. These include vitamin C and the B-vitamins.
Inorganic substances that are not broken down during digestion and absorption and are not destroyed by heat or light. They assist in the regulation of many body processes and are classified as major or trace.
Minerals we need to consume in amounts of at least 100 mg per day and of which the total amount in our bodies is at least 5 g.
Minerals we need to consume in amounts less than 100 mg per day and of which the total amount in our bodies is less than 5 g.
A set of nutritional reference values for the United States and Canada that applies to healthy people.
The average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half the healthy individuals in a particular life stage or gender group.
The average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97% to 98% of healthy individuals in a particular life stage and gender group.
A recommended average daily nutrient intake level based on observed or experimentally determined estimates of nutrient intake by a group of healthy people.
The highest average daily nutrient intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular life stage and gender group.
The average dietary energy intake that is predicted to maintain energy balance in a healthy adult.
A range of intakes for a particular energy source that is associated with reduced risk of chronic disease while providing adequate intakes of esential nutrients.
A nutritional status that is out of balance; an individual is either getting too much or not enough of a particular nutrient or energy over a significant period of time.
A situation in which too little energy or too few nutrients are consumed over time, causing significant weight loss or a nutrient-deficiency disease.
A situation in which too much energy or too much of a given nutrient is consumed over time, causing conditions such as obesity, heart disease, or nutrient-toxicity symptoms.
A deficiency that occurs when not enough of a nutrient is consumed in the diet.
A deficiency that occurs when a person cannot absorb enough of a nutrient, excretes too much of a nutrient from the body, or cannot utilize a nutrient effectively.
A deficiency in its early stages, when few or no symptoms are observed.
A symptom that is hidden from a client and requires laboratory tests or other invasive procedures to detect.
A symptom that is obvious to a client, such as pain, fatigue, or a bruise.
An educated guess as to why a phenomenon occurs.
A scientific consensus, based on data drawn from repeated experiments, as to why a phenomenon occurs.
A professional designation that requires a minimum of a bachelor's degree in nutrition, completion of a supervised clinical experience, a passing grade on a national examination, and maintenance of registration with the American Dietetic Association. RDs are qualified to work in a variety of settings.
The leading federal agency 8in the United States that protects the health and safety of people. Its mission is to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability.
A survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics and the CDC; this survey tracks the nutrient and food consumption of Americans.
The world's largest telephone survey that tracks lifestyle behaviors that increase our risk for chronic disease.
The world's leading medical research center and the focal point for medical research in the United States.
Sets found in the same folder
The Science of Nutrition - Chapter 3
The Science of Nutrition - Chapter 4
The Science of Nutrition - Chapter 2
The Science of Nutrition - Chapter 5
Sets with similar terms
Nutrition 130 Ch 1
Chapter 1 Terminology
HMGT 2460 Chapter 1
Other sets by this creator
Windows Server 2008 - Lesson 5
The Pearl - Chapters 1, 2, and 3
The Time Machine - Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12
The Time Machine - Chapters 6, 7, and 8
Other Quizlet sets
Methods Test Selection
Theology Chapter 5 Test
Geology Chapter 10 & 11