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Ch. 8 Test
Terms in this set (49)
Charles Evans Hughes
Warren Harding appointed several distinguished people to his cabinet, such as _____ as secretary of state
political allies and friends
Harding gave appointments to _____ and _____ from Ohio, which led to corruption and numerous scandals
The most famous scandal, the _____ Scandal, concerned bribes for leasing navy oil reserves in Wyoming and California
Coolidge; business leadership
When Harding died, _____ became president. The new president believed prosperity depended on _____
balance the budget, reduce government's debt, and cut taxes
The secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon, had three major goals under Harding and successive presidents:_____,_____, and _____
supply side economics
Mellon's idea that lower tax rates grow the economy and result in the government collecting more taxes is known today as _____
cooperative individualism, reduce costs, and promote efficiency
Secretary of Commerce Hebert Hoover encouraged economic growth through his idea of _____. He believed it would _____ and promote _____
U. S. , economic power, and arms controls
By the end of World War I, he dominant economic power in the world was the _____. It tried to promote peace by using _____ and _____ agreements.
Through the ____, American banks lent money to Germany to help it pay its _____ reparations.
construction of new warships
The Washington conference proposed a 10 year halt on _____
Kellogg- Briand Pact
A further step to end all wars, _____ called for nations to abandon war and settle disputes peacefully.
the assembly line
What method of mass production increased the supply and reduced the cost of the automobile?
eased the isolation of rural families and allowed workers to live farther away from work
How did the car revolutionize U.S. society?
cleaning products, labor-saving appliances, and products focusing on fashion and youthful appearance
What types of consumer goods came on the market?
Who completed a transatlantic solo flight in 1927?
anyone could hear the same news and entertainment throughout the country
How did the radio affect people's lives?
consumers bought things on credit rather than paying all at once
What was the installment plan?
linked products with qualities of the modern era, ex: progress, convenience, leisure, style, and success
How did advertisers convince people to buy products?
created divisions with different functions within their corporate structures, with each division run by a manager
How did companies charge during the managerial revolution?
African Americans: replaced by returning service men. Native Americans: isolated on reservations, immigrants: hard to find work. Farmers and factory workers: not well paid.
What groups of Americans did not share the economic boom and why?
crop prices dropped, farmers couldn't sell their surpluses overseas because of the Fordney-McCumber Act. too much supply not enough demand
What caused the "quiet depression" in agriculture during the 1920s?
Many Americans blamed _____ for the recession and taking jobs returning soldiers
The trail of _____ focused on the fact that the accused men were anarchists and foreigners
In the 1920s, the _____ led a movement to restrict immigration
Emergency Quota Act, National Origins Act
Two laws, the _____ and the _____, restricted immigration permanently by establishing quotas
Mexico, South West
Immigrants from _____ were exempt from quotas and found work on large farms in the _____
In the 1920s, many women sought to break free from _____
college, pursue careers
Many women attended _____ where they were encouraged to _____
A religious movement called _____ did not embrace the new morality. It rejected the theory of _____ and embraced creationism
The ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol was called _____. To this effect the _____ Amendment was passed but was later repealed
The illegal production and distribution of alcohol was called _____
individual, modern experience
The modernists of the American art movement attempted to express the _____
Georgia O'Keefe, Charles
Examples of this can be seen in the landscapes and flowers painted by the _____ and the cubism of the paintings of _____
Eugene O'Neill, Ernest Hemingway
In the 1920s writers and poets wrote about various subjects and used a variety of styles to express their thoughts. American playwright _____ wrote plays that offered a modern view of life while novelist _____ wrote of his disillusionment with World War I
economic prosperity and new technology
Many Americans had more spending money and leisure time because of the _____ of the 1920s
The Jazz Singer
_____ was the first "talking" motion picture
One of the most popular composers of the decade was _____, who wrote "Puttin' on the Ritz"
Amos n' Andy was a popular _____ that portrayed the lives of two African American fictional characters
one of the effects of mass media was that it helped to _____ the nation
sports, Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey
Because of radio and motion pictures, _____ increased in popularity. The home-run hitter _____ became a national hero. Sports fans idolized boxer _____
from the Rural South to industrial cities in the North
What was the Great Migration?
What was the era of emerging African American artists called?
Who was the first important writer of the Harlem Renaissance?
Louis Armstrong and Edward "Duke" Ellington
Who were two great jazz musicians of this period?
What was the first musical written, produced, and performed by African American?
They became an influential voting bloc
What impact did African Americans have in elections?
focused on lobbying public officials and working through the court system
How did the NAACP affect national politics?
Who was the first African American representative to Congress from a Northern state?
Who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), which promoted black pride and unity?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 7: World War I
The Spanish-American War (5.2)
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U.S. History Chapter 11
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