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Apologia Zoology 3 Chapter 8

Vocabulary for Apologia Zoology 3 Chapter 8
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Livestock
These animals help people with their work or gives them food.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Ungulates
Animals with hooves.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Examples of ungulates
Horses. giraffes, deer, cows, goats, sheep, pigs camels, llamas, and rhinos.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Order Probosicdea
Elephants are in this order. They have long trunks, called a proboscis, which serves as a nose and upper lip.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Pachyderm
This Greek word means 'thick skinned'.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch.8
Tusks
Elephants teeth which they use to dig for water, salt, and or roots. They are hunted for these.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
2 species of African elephant
African bush elephant
African forest elephant

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
African bush elephant
This elephant lives on the plains of Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
African forest elephant
This elephant lives in the forest.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Asian elephant
This elephant lives in Asia and is smaller than the African elephants.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Matriach
The oldest and most experienced female elephant of a herd.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Wooly mammoth
The Wooly Mammoth (now extinct) had two features that distinguished them from other elephants. Their tusks were curled upward and they were covered with long hair.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Geyser
An opening in the earth's crust allowing water to be pushed through to the surface at high presure.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Ice age
A time when the earth is, on average, cooler than normal.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Mastodons
An extinct animal that lived in the forest, and was shorter and stouter than the Wooley Mammoth.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Order Perissodactyla
These animals have a large middle toe that defines the center of their foot.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Examples of order Perissodactyla
Horses, donkeys, rhinos, and tapirs.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Family Equidae
Latin word meaning horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Examples of family Equidae
Horses, zebras, donkeys, kulans and kiangs.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Feral (horse)
A wild horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
3 breeds of horses
Cold blooded
Hot blooded
Warm blooded
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Hot blooded horses
This animals are smaller and built for speed. These breeds include Arabian and thoughbreds.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Cold blooded horses
This animals have been bred for working and hauling. They include draft horses and Clydesdales.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Warm blooded horses
This animals have the athletic skills of the hot-bloods and the gentler personality of the cold-bloods. They include breeds such as the Quarter horse and Paints.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Gait
This term describes how a horse walks.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
4 basic gaits of a horse
Walk
Canter
Trot
Gallop

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Walk
The slowest and steadiest gait, with the horse keeping two or three hooves on the ground at all times. This is also called a four-beat gait.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Trot
The horse is suspended in the air for a moment in every stride. The horse will match the fore foot on one side with the hind foot on the other side, moving together. This is also called a two-stride gait.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Canter
This is a three stride gait. One back leg will hit the ground with the diagonal front leg.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Gallop
The fastest of all strides. This is a four beat stride.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Jog
A very slow trot.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Posting
When the rider rises up in the sadle on one beat and comes down on the next beat.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Right-lead canter
This canter starts with the left hind hoof, because the right foreleg will be the most extended of the horses's legs.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Hand
A method of measuring a horses' height. Approximately 4".

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Pony
If an equine is less than 14.2 hands tall, it is usually considered this.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Foal
A horse less than a year old.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Yearling
A horse between one and two years old.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Filly
A female horse that is not fully grown.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Colt
A male horse that is not fully grown.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Mare
A fully grown female horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Stallion
A fully grown male horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Gelding
An adult male horse that has been neutered to make it calmer and more obedient.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
List of names for donkeys
Burros, ass, jack. jennet, minature donkey, mammoth, jackstock, standard, or Mexican burro.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Jack
A male donkey.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Mule
When a female horse mates with a male donkey.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Hinney
When a female donkey mates with a male horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
3 different types of zebras
Plains zebras (Burchells')
Mountain zebras
Grevy's zebras

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Mountain zebras
This zebra lives in the mountains of southern Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Plains zebras (Burchells')
This zebra lives in the open grasslands and deserts in Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Grevy's zebras
This zebra lives in the dry deserts of eastern Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Oxpeckers (tick birds)
These animals have a symbiotic relationship with the rhinos. They eat parasites that live on the rhinos and the rhinos warn them if danger is around.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
5 Species of rhinos
Black rhino
White rhino
Indian rhino
Javan rhino
Sumatran rhino
Black rhino
This rhino lives in Africa and has two horns.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
White rhino
This rhino lives in Africa and has two horns, and they are the second largest terrestrial land mammal, next to the elephant.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Indian rhino
This rhino lives in India and Nepal and only has one horn.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Javan rhino
This rhino lives in Indonesia and Vietnam and has one horn.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Sumatran rhino
This rhino lives in Southeast Asia, is small, hairy, and has two horns.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8
Tapirs
These animals are shaped like large pigs. They have a proboscis and a short, stout body.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8