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General Anatomy And Physiology
Terms in this set (60)
Cells are made up of colorless, jellylike substances called what in which food elements such as protein, fats, carbohydrates, mineral sales and water are present?
The principal parts of the cell are the what?
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell membrane.
The center of the cell contains the what, which plays an important role in cell reproduction?
The protoplasm of a cell that surrounds the nucleus is the what?
The process by which cells reproduce by dividing into two identical cells called daughter cells is know as what?
Cells will continue to grow and thrive as long as they are favored with the proper temperature, they can eliminate waste products, and are favored with an adequate supply of what?
Food, oxygen and water.
The complex chemical process whereby body cells are nourished and supplied with energy needed to carry on their many activities is called what?
The process of building up large molecules from smaller ones, during which the body stores water, food and oxygen for the time when they are needed for cell growth and repair is called is what?
The process of breaking down of large substances or molecules into smaller ones is called what?
Tissue that binds together, protects, and supports various parts of the body is what?
Groups of cells of the same kind are called what?
During what energy can be stored by special molecules and used fro muscle contraction, secretion, or heat production?
The protective covering on body surfaces, such as the skin, mucous membranes, or linings of the heart, digestive and respiratory organs, and glands is what tissue?
Tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all body functions is known as what?
Tissue that gives smoothness and contour to the body is known as what?
Structures of the body that are designed to accomplish a specific function are what?
Groups of organs that cooperates for a common purpose, namely the welfare of the entire boy are known as what?
Another name for the integumentary system is what?
Another name for the skeletal system is what?
Another name for the circulatroy system is what?
The stomach and intestines are called the what system?
The cranium is made up of how many bones?
What bone forms the forehead?
The bones that form the sides and top of the cranium are called what?
The bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region are called what?
The bones of the upper jaw are called what?
The largest and strongest bone of the arm is the what?
The hindmost bone of the skull is the what?
The uppermost and large bone of the arm is the what?
The study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles is called what?
The three parts of a muscle are the what?
Insertion, origin and belly.
The broad muscle that covers the top of the skull is called what?
The muscle that draws the eyebrows down and wrinkles the forehead vertically is the what?
Muscles represent about what percent of the body's total weight?
The lower jaw bone which is the largest and strongest bone of the face and forms the lower jaw is called the what?
The tendon that connects the occipitalis and the frontalis the what?
The muscle that enables the eyes to close is the what?
The front portion of the epicranius is the what?
The muscle that is located beneath the frontalis and orbicularis oculi is known as what?
The muscle that coordinate in opening and closing the mouth are what?
Masseter and temporalis.
Muscular tissue can be stimulated by what?
Massage, heat and chemicals.
The broad muscle that extends from the chest and shoulder muscles to the side of the chain and which is responsible for lowering the lower jaw and lip is called what?
The muscle that rotates and lower the head, as in nodding, is called what?
The large, thick triangular-shaped muscle that covers the shoulder and lifts and turns the arm outward is called the what?
The muscles that produce the contour of the front and inner side of the upper arm, lift the forearm, and flex the elbow are what?
The muscle that turn the head outward and the palm upward are the what?
The muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and the fingers to form a straight line are called what?
The muscle that bends the foot up and extends the toes is the what?
The muscles located at the base of each digit and which separate the fingers are called what?
The muscle that assists in the swinging of the arms is called what?
The heavy, long bone that forms the leg below the knee is known as the what?
The large of the two bones that form the leg below the knee cap is the what?
The foot is made of how many bones?
The formal name for the accessory bone which forms the knee cap is the what?
The muscle that originates at the upper portion of the fibula and bends the foot down is the what?
The what originates on the lower surface of the fibula and bends the foot down and out?
The nerve that extends down the leg, just under the skin, supplying impulses to the muscles of skin of the leg, skin and toes is called what?
Superficial Peroneal nerve
The nerve that supplies impulse to the toes and foot as well as muscles of the skin of the leg is the what nerve?
The nerve that supplies impulses to skin on the outer side and back of the foot and leg in the what?
The what artery divides into two separate arteries known as the anterior tibial and the posterior tibial?
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