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Paper 2: WWI

Causes and Effects, Names
STUDY
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Long term Causes of WWI
Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism
Short term Causes of WWI
Crisis Year, Militarism
Effects of WWI
Treaties, Disarmament, Country Boundaries, League of Nations
Peacemaking, Peacekeeping
Treaties, League of Nations, Crisis, Collective security
Franz Josef
Emperor of Austria-Hungary at the outbreak of World War I.
Nicholas II
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
Wilhelm II
The leader of Germany during WWI who was stubborn and was eager to show the rest of the world how powerful Germany had become.
David Lloyd George
Britain's prime minister at the end of World War I whose goal was to make the Germans pay for the other countries' staggering war losses
Bismarck
German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)
Count Alfred von Schlieffen
Chief of the German general staff from 1891 to 1906. He outlined Germany's war plan by defeating the French and standing on the defensive against Russia all in a six week period.
Helmuth von Moltke
German Chief of Staff after the retirement of Schlieffen; revised the Schlieffen Plan and put it into action; he is blamed for being indecisive and giving bad orders in the face of war with France, specifically at the Battle of Marne
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WW I.
Gavrilo Princip
Member of a terrorist organization called The Black Hand. Helped to end the optimistic Progressive era in America. Murdered Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. Wanted to set Bosnia free from Austria-Hungary
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
Chancellor of Germany at start of war. He gave Austria a blank check as his 'unconditional' support.
Fritz Fischer
Claimed that Germany was solely to blame for WW1
Woodrow Wilson
28th President of the United States, led them into WW1
Ludendorff
general who assisted Hindenburg, he helped to defeat the Russians at Tannenburg and the Masurian Lake
Paul Von Hindenburg
President of the Weimar Republic of Germany who appointed Hitler Chancellor in 1933
Baron Manfred von Richthofen
Was a German fighter pilot known as "The Red Baron." He was the most successful flying ace of World War I, being officially credited with 80 confirmed air combat victories. This man was a member of an aristocratic family with many famous relatives.
T.E. Lawrence
colonel who led Britain to help the Arabs overthrow the Ottoman Empire. Known as a "romantic" hero, because after he led these attacks, the Middle East was under control of the Allies.
Clemenceau
French premier during World War I; he was the French representative at the Versailles Peace Conference in 1919
November Criminals
Hitler calls the politicians who signed the Treaty of Versailles the November Criminals, because they betrayed their country. Used to spread xenophobia.
Orlando
Premier of Italy and representing his country at Paris Peace Conference. Primary objective was to gain as much territory as possible for Italy. One of Big Four and also representing a democratic system.
Freikorps
Germany military (mostly volunteer troops) used by the government of the Weimar republic 2) put down Spartacist revolt in 1919
Friedrich Ebert
after William II left, he rules the Social Democracy and announces a democratic republic.
Wolfgang Kapp
Together with the Berlin army group commander Gen. Walther von Lüttwitz, he staged the so-called Kapp Putsch against the republican government of Friedrich Ebert and Gustav Bauer in March 1920.
Walter Rathenau
A talented foresighted Jewish industrialist who was in charge of Germany's largest electric company. He convinced the government to set up the war raw materials board to ration and distribute raw materials to ration and distribute the raw materials. All of this went towards powerful war machines.
Gustav Stresseman
German statesman who regained prosperity by showing others that his country would abide by the Versailles Treaty
Adolf Hitler
This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.
Charles G. Dawes
American banker and diplomat who negotiated a loan repayment plan with France, Britain, and Germany
Aristide Briand
French foreign minister who deemphasized aggressive military intervention and championed the League of Nations
Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Bolscheviks
Russian Revolutionary group