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In language, a discrepancy between what is said adn what is meant. In life, a discrepancy between what is expected and what occurs.

Verbal Irony

A mode of expression in which the speaker or writer says the opposite of what is really meant, such as saying "Great story!" in response to a boring, pointless anecdote.


A style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target.

Dramatic irony

A situation in which the larger implications of character's words, actions, or situation are unrealized by that character but seen by the author and the reader or audience.

Cosmic irony

The contrast between a character's position or aspiration and the treatment he or she receives at the hands of a seemingly hostile fate; also called IRONY OF FATE.

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