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Civics Final Exam
Terms in this set (246)
the study of the rights and duties of citizenship.
America no longer has an economy based upon manufacturing we now have an economy where in most of the jobs belong to the _____ sector
________ are broad ideas about what is good and these ideas are generally shared by the vast majority of citizens
Popular _________ refers to a government in which the people have the final say
The American family is a classic example of an American________
There are ____basic ways to become an American citizen
A _______ is a plan for spending in collecting money
List three basic levels of government
Federal local state
A ________democracy is one in which everyone votes and participates in debates about government policy
A represented ___________democracy or is one in which people elect representatives to govern them and look out for the best interest of people
A________ monarchy is one in which the monarchy (king or queen) has turtle a complete power
__________Simply refers to the fact that whoever gets the most votes wins
Sending a declaration of intention and passing a citizenship exam or parts of processes to become an American this process is referred to as_________
List two types of aliens that live in America
Illegal aliens and illegal aliens
An American message to become and that the naturalized citizen of a different country if they do so they lose all their American citizenship at the same time this citizenship and referred to as_______
Democracy began in the Greek city of
A formal charge by a grand jury
Outlines the powers of the executive branch
Outlines the powers of the judicial branch
Necessary and proper clause
located in article 1
allows congress to exercise powers not specifically listed in the constitution.
Powers know as implied powers
Outlines the powers of the legislative branch
OPENING SECTION OF THE CONSTITUTION
states the goals and purposes of the government
REMEMBER the constitution is the government
You cant be charged for the same crime twice
refers to the facts that law enforcement officials are expected to follow establish legal procedures, there by granting each citizen their basic civil liberties as guaranteed by the US constitution
Refers to the right of the government to take the property of private citizens for public use
Deals with peoples rights in civil cases.
You have the right to a trial by jury in cases where the law suit involves more than twenty dollers
The right to vote
A tax, or fee that some southern stats required blacks to pay before they were allowed to vote during the elections
Montgomery Bus Boy cott
Arrested for violating Alabamans segregation laws
Boy cott of the buss line ensued
a year later the supreme court decided that segregation of public buses was unconstitutional
Rule of law
Every one in the united states has to follow the laws.
checks and balances
refers to the fact that under our constitution, each branch of the us government can check or limit, the powers or ability of the others branches.
Spreading spoken, or verbal, lies about someone with intent to harm there reputation
Governmental system in which power is decided between the states and the national, federal, government
The court case deals with freedom of the press
was imprisoned for criticizing the governor of new York was acquitted
The powers given to the federal government
Prevents the congress from making any law based on religion
The powers given to the states instead of the federal government
Powers that are shared by both the federal government and the state governments
Example: Levying taxes and imprisoning citizens
Spreading printed lies about someone with the intent of harming the reputation
Civil right act of 1964
Prohibited discrimination in public facilities
Cant ask for gender, religion, and race on job application
Programs created by the government that are intended to make up for discrimination during the history of the U.S.A.
Singling out individuals bases upon race or the way they look.
Dred scott vs. sandford
Scott sued for freedom when his owner died because he had lived in free states int he past. The government then said that he could not sue anyone because he was a slave
The freedoms and right that we have that allow us to think and act without government interference. Thing of freedoms of speech, religion and of the press
States that the us constitution is, and always will be the supreme law of the land in the US. Every state agrees to the when they joined the country
A _________ is an organization of individuals who have the same political views
America is generally said to have a _____ party system
Two early party's are the ______ and the democratic-republican party's
Alexander ________ lead the first one while Thomas _________ led the second party
During North Carolina's rip van winkle period the ________ rose to power
Each party has a set of ideas that are different than there opposition they are know as the _________
Each part in the platform are know as the ________
Every 4 years the republicans and the democrats come to get her to have a _________ convention
Each part chooses a candidate through elections and ________ witch are meeting of the state and local party organizers
All the voters in a specific __________, a geographic area that may contain a town or village
Several geographically connected areas form a larger election unit called a ________
__________ are the largest political unit within a state
A very strong/dominant political unit is called a _______
_________ primary is an election in witch voters choose candidates to respect there party in a bigger election
A ________ primary, which most states use, is one in which only members of that party can vote
A few states hold a ________ primary, however, and let any registered voter vote in it
To win one generally need only a ________, or the. Pay votes among the candidates
If your part is small you may have to signs a _______ Or statement supporting their candidate
Not every one is a qualifies as a voter mostly because they don't take the time to __________
Most states require registration _____ days before election
We have _______ ballot witch mean no one but you knows who you are voting for
If you can not get to a voting place you can get a ______ ballot mailed to you and then. All it back to cast vote
Tv networks conduct _____ polls as people leave after voting to try to figure out who is going to will
an ________ is the way that people can propose new law or amendments
A ________ is a proposed law
Going door to door is called ______
To _______ is to get rid of it
________ organizations set up to collect money for there candidates
Public action committees
an _______ is someone who wans to be re elected
______ is the intent of evil to hurt someone with false info
Plessy vs. Ferguson
"Separate but equal" is okay
Texas vs. Johnson
Flag Burning is Protected speech
Hazelwood vs. Kuhlmeier
School papers can be censored
Bethel School District vs. Frasier
Students can be disciplined fir lewd speech
New Jersey vs. TLO
Student lockers can be searched
USA vs. Nixon
Said the right of executive privilege cold not be used in cases involving crimes
Roe vs. Wade
Legalized Abortion in the first trimester
Schenck vs. US
Freedom of speech may be curtailed if that speech represents a "clear and present danger"
Wabash vs. Illinois
Limited the control of states over railroads
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Worcester vs. Georgia
Federal jurisdiction over native American affairs is absolute
Gibbons vs. Ogden
Deals with the regulation of interstate commerce
Miranda vs. Arizona
Deals with the right of the accused at the time of arrest
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
"Separate but equal" is not okay
Engel vs. Vitale
School prayer is unconstitutional
Abington School District vs. Schempp
Said Establishment Clause was violated by Reading the Bible in a public school
Mapp vs. Ohio
Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures
West Virginia Board of Education vs. Barnette
Compulsory flag saluting can't be required by law
Swann vs. CMS Board of Education
Busing to obtain integration is legal
Tinker vs. Des Moines
Armband case protected by the 1st amendment
Korematsu vs. US
Upheld Japanese Internment camps
Gideon vs. Wainwright
You have the right to an attorney
Marbury vs. Madison
Established the principle of judicial review
__________ includes both coins and paper money
An institution owned and operated by its members that provides low-interest loans to its members is called a ___________
The Interest rate that the Federal reserve charges on loans to its members banks is the __________
An account in which deposited money can be withdrawn at anytime by writing an order is called a ___________
How do banks and other financial institutions that lend money make profit?
By Charging Interest
What is the main purpose of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation?
Insure checking and savings deposits
The central bank of the United States is the ___________
Federal Reserve System
The Fed requires banks to keep a ___________, or a percentage of their money.
In what kind of account do savers have the most amount of control?
deposit account that requires savers to deposit their money for a certain period of time is a ___________
Certificate of Deposit (CDs)
If you read in the newspaper and see the Fed just lowers the discount rate, what might you conclude about the economy?
The economy is sluggish and needs to be stimulated
Money serves as a measure a value. What does this mean?
Money is a value medium that everyone understands
To say that money is a medium of exchange means that ___________
A seller will accept it in exchange for a good or service
Each year the prez and the congress have to meet to agree on a plan for spending called a _________
___________ provides government money to people who are retired or disabled
A(n) ________ is usually levied on consumer purchases of almost all products.
The government borrows money by selling _________
The federal income tax is a progressive tax, which means the ______________
tax rate increases as income increases
A portion of the federal budget each year pays for the interest on __________
Money borrowed by the government
The largest sources of revenue for local governments is ________
Witch of the following is funding that state government's are NOT required for?
Water supplies and Sewers
Managing the nation's fiscal policy ________________
requires the president and the congress to work together
The best financial situation for the United States is to have _________
Surpluses exceed deficits
What is happening to the US duet overtime?
It is Increasing and is getting harder to pay off
what is expected to Medicare costs in the future?
The cost will go up steadily
What can a nation do limit imported foreign goods?
In a pure ______, economic decisions are made based on the interaction of supply and demand.
The ability to produce a product at a lower cost than any other country is called a ________
The NAFTA trade agreement is with ______ ________ and _______
United States, Canada, Mexico
The way society organizes the production and consumption of goods and services is its ________
Command economy's fail because of?
The greater success of market economies
A problem with developing countries is?
Huge population growth
the policy of _______ involves a nation guarding its own industries against outside competition
__________ are Courts with UN authority to hear cases involving international human right violations.
During the cold war, many nations became ________ of the soviet union
basic freedoms that should be available to all people are called ________
Many developing nations have _________.
High levels of poverty
The agency of the UN for maintain peace and security is the ____________
An important force that is driving globalization at multinationals, which are __________.
large firms that do business in many country's
Killing people because of rational or religious differences is called _______
Apartheid law dictated where blacks could travel, eat, and go to school in __________
Money serves as a store of ______
The 3 types of financial institutions.
Commercial banks, Savings and loan Associations, and the credit unions
How many district banks does the fed have?
The FED's headquarters for North Carolina is?
The FED deals with banking ________ and _________ credit
_________________ is the controlling of the supply of money and cost of borrowing money according to the needs of the economy
The two types of spending in the US budget
mandatory and discretionary
Two Parts of the Federal budget
Revenues and expenditures
Nearly half of the revenue in the federal budget comes from the ___________
Tax rate increases as income increases
the percentage of tax paid goes down as you make more money
Takes the same percentage of money from a person regardless of what they make
Tax on imported goods
The __________ over sees Trade between counties
WTO (world trade organization)
America is a _________ witch means economy private citizen, own the businesses and factors
_______ is the total GDP divided by the country's population
Per Capita GDP
__________ economy is where the government has control pricing and production.
According to Karl Marx, the best economic form would be _________
3 Types of Businesses
Proprietorship, Partnership, Corporation
A business owned by a single person
Disadvantage of a Proprietership
(Proprietorship) The business owner has sole ________ for all _________ and damages arising from doing business
A business in witch two or more people own a business
Disadvantage of a Partnership
Organized business recognized by law that has many of the rights and responsibility of an individual
Advantages of a Corporation
In a _______ __________ Can only lose what has been put into the business
In a ___________ ___________Owner(s) Has responsibility for everything, If business cant cover cost of damages owner will be forced to sell house, car, ext
Groups of workers that fight for better pay, safety regulations, child baler laws, ext are called?
Most labor Unions are in what regions of the country?
Northeast, Midwest, and West Cost
Labor Unions have harder times getting started in what regions of the country?
One way labor unions communicate is know as _______ _______
If owners and workers can't come to an agreement they might try to bring in someone for _________ to help them reach a compromise
Stoppage of work is called a?
Private goods can only be used by the person who bought them, _________ goods are used by everyone
An ___________ is the unintended side effect of an action that affects someone not involved in the action
Externality (Build an A/C unity in office to cool down, and it also cool down the hole office)
What is it called when market or industry is controlled by one company>
_______ laws have been passes in the US to prevent monopolys
The Sherman Antitrust act was used to break up __________ oil in 1911 and also used in 1980 to break up telephone company know as _________
Minimize cos of doing business
When a company pulled a product off the market due to defects and safety conserns
Real ________ shows the economy's production after inflation has ben removed from the equation
The rise and fall of a businesses good and bad times are knows as?
The Good Times in a business are called?
The bad Times in a Business are Called?
___________ is a sustained increase in the general level of prices
(I don't Know what the Question is so text it to me if you know)
Education, Family Wealth, Discrimination
What are the Two Different Types of Taxes
Regressive and Progressive
What is Regressive Tax?
Same tax's no matter how much you make
What is Progressive Tax?
Tax goes up if you make more money
An economic system is the was a society organizes the _______ and ________ of goods and services
Many Americans don't know the difference between needs and ______
Economics is the study of how we make decisions in a world in witch _______ are limited
The less there is of something the higher the ________ is
Small Form of Economics?
Big for of Economics?
An __________ is the theory that tries to explain human economic behavior
US's economic system?
__________ ____, is referring to what has to be given up when buying something
Two main types of cost?
Fixed(Not Changing), Variable(Fluxuates)
__________ ___ is the additional cost or producing an additional unit of output
The money a person makes
Total Cost Or Profit (idk)
_____ minus expenses is the profit
_______ ______ are the additional benefits when one more unit is made
4 Factors of production?
Natural Resources, Labor, Capital, Entrepreneurs
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Separation of Powers - Ruling-Supreme Court has power of Judicial Review- meaning they determine Constitutionality of laws
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Powers of Congress; State v. Federal Power - Ruling- Maryland didn't have the right to tax the Bank of the United States; Congress has rights not specifically mentioned (implied) in the Constitution; *Idea of "Necessary and Proper" Clause
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Federalism - Ruling -Congress regulates interstate commerce (trade), States regulate trade within their own state.
State v. Mann (1830)
Rights of Slaves - Ruling- Slave owners cannot be prosecuted for assaulting their slaves.
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
African Americans free or enslaved are not citizens and cannot sue in federal courts. Court overturned Congress. Universally condemned as Supreme Courts worst decision.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
14th Amendment- Equal Protection - Ruling -Separate but Equal Facilities for Caucasians and African Americans (Racial Segregation is okay).
Korematsu v. US (1944)
14th Amendment - Equal Protection - Ruling- US Government was justified in setting up internment camps for Japanese citizens during WWII.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
14th Amendment - Equal Protection - Ruling-Separate is NOT Equal; Schools are desegregated; Overturned- Plessy v. Ferguson
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
4th Amendment - Search and Seizure - Ruling- Citizens are protected from illegal searches and seizures
Gregg v. Georgia (1962)
8th Amendment - Death Penalty - Ruling- Death penalty is not cruel and unusual punishment if applied fairly.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
1- freedom of speech - Ruling- Prayers cannot be recited in school
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
6th Amendment -Right to an Attorney - Ruling- If the accused person cannot afford a lawyer, the court will provide one for him/her
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US (1964)
14th Amendment - Equal Protection - Ruling- Businesses dealing in interstate commerce cannot discriminate based on race
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
5th Amendment -Rights of the Accused - Ruling- police must read criminals their rights upon arrest to prevent self-incrimination.
Swann v. Charlotte-Meck Board of Ed. (1970)
14th Amendment - Equal Protection - Ruling- Mandatory busing of students is an acceptable way of integrating the school system
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
1st Amendment - freedom of speech - Ruling- Wearing armbands in protest is a sign of free speech; wearing armbands didn't interfere with the learning process
Gault v. Arizona (1967)
Juveniles must be granted the same due process as adults in the courts.
New York Times v. U.S. (1971)
Times challenged 1st amendment of censorship or punishment to publish secret Pentagon Papers that government said would put security at risk. Court ruled in favor of the NYTimes and 1st amendment rights.
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
8th Amendment - Death Penalty - Ruling- Death penalty is considered cruel and unusual punishment in certain cases
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Texas law stated doctors had to approve abortion for women. Class action "group" lawsuit violated 14th amendment. Court rule for Roe states cannot ban abortion during first trimester (3 months).
US vs. Nixon (1974)
President refused to turn over evidence to Senate during impeachment charges citing executive privilege. Court rule president is NOT above the law.
New Jersey v. TLO (1985)
4th Amendment - Search and Seizure - Ruling- Schools may not perform unreasonable searches and seizures.
Bethel School District v. Frasier (1986)
1st Amendment - freedom of speech - Ruling- School districts have the right to punish students using lewd and vulgar language; this does not violate their first amendment rights to freedom of speech.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeir (1988)
1st Amendment - freedom of speech - Ruling- schools can limit freedom of speech in school newspapers when what is written is inconsistent with the values of society.
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
1st Amendment - freedom of speech - Ruling- Burning the American flag is a form of symbolic speech, protected under the 1st Amendment
Leandro v. State of NC (1997)
School System Funding - Ruling- North Carolina was not meeting the educational needs of its poverty-stricken students; therefore funding of schools needed to be restructured so impoverished counties could provide access to a good education by recruiting better teachers, providing better resources, etc
Obergefell v. Hodges (2015)
14th Amendment - due process & equal protection
Ruling - Gay marriage is legal across all states with equal status.
North Carolina is "First In ________"
Delegates met in _________, North Carolina, and created the __________ _________ __________
Wilmington, First Provencal Congress
Women held a ___ ______ in Edenton in 1774
In 1775 the _________ ________ was written to dissolve throaty of the British in Charlotte
The _________ resolves were written on the first colony for independence from Britain
North Carolina first rejected the U.S. _________, North Carolina wanted a ____ __ _____ to preserve the rights of the individual
Constitution, Bill Of Rights
The First North Carolina Constitution was created in the year ____
The Constitution begins with a _________
The Difference between the U.S. and the North Carolina Constitution was the emphasis on _______ guidance
Like the U.S. the North Carolina Constitution has a _____ of rights, Concurrent with the belief in ______ ____________, with means the power lies with the people
Bill, Popular Sovereignty
The Constitution also guaranties _______ __ _______, with power dived into different branches
Sereperation of powers
_______ and balances is when one branch makes sure the others are doing things right
Like the U.S. Constitution North Carolinions can change or _________ its Constitution
_________ males lost the right to vote
In 1868 all men over ___ could vote
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