76 terms

US History Unit 6

Matthew Perry
took navy to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty
William Seward
Alfred Thayer Manhan
published book that pushed for the builiding of a navy
Theodore Roosevelt
Queen Liliukalani
Hawaiian queen who wanted independence
Albert Beveridge
pushed for buiolding of a navy
Joseph Pulitzer
wrote of Spanish mistreating Cubans
William Randolph Hearst
wrote of Spanish mistreating Cubans
de Lome Letter
Spanish; described McKinley as weak and insulted the US
George Dewey
commander of American Navy who took over Philippines
Rough Riders
American troops in Santiago, Cuba made up of miners, farmers, etc.
William Mckinley
President during Spanish-American War
Open Door Policy
all countries would be allowed to trade w/ China
Teller Amendment
issued by McKinley; said America could not annex Cuba
Platt Amendment
added to Cubas constitution; made Cuba an American protectorate
Boxer Rebellion
secret Chinese societies besieged foreign embassies; caused fear in the Open Door Policy
Upton Sinclair
published "The Jungle" which describes the meatpacking industry
Lincoln Steffens
author who wrote about corruption of pol. machines
Jacob Riis
published photos and descriptions of poverty, disease, and crime of immigrants
Tom Johnson
Samuel Jones
Hepburn Act
Stengthen Interstate Commerce Commission by allowing it to set railroad rates
Pure Food and Drug Act
prohibited manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs
Meat Inspection Act
required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required Agricul. Dpt. to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants
Employer's Liability Act
law that protects and compensates railroad workers injured on the job
Newlands Reclamation Act
authorized use of federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land dev. projects
the right of citizens to place a measure before the voters of a legislature for approval
practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
right that enables voters to remove unsatisfactory elected officials from office
Robert La Follette
pushed progressive reform; pressured for democracy
Direct Primary
vote held by all members of a pol. party to decide their candidate for public office
William Howard Taft
opponent of monopoly; tried to rid of monopolies; publicized child labor
Progressive Party
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
barely cut tariffs and raised some; angered progressivists
Mann-Elkins Act
extended authority of ICC to include communications
Woodrow Wilson
reformed tariffs; enetered the US in WWI
16th Amendment
gave federal gov. the power to tax the income of individuals directly
17th Amendment
allowed citizens to vote for state senators
Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act
levied an income tax on the earnings of individuals
Federal Reserve Act
created 12 regional banks to be supervised by a Board of Governors, appointed by the president
Clayton Anti-trust Act
passed by Wilson; outlawed unfair trade practices; corrected mistakes of Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Federal Trade Comission Act
Wilson passed; monitor American bussiness
La Follette Seaman's Act
improved working conditions for seamen; passed by La Follette and Wilson
Federal Farm Loan Act
supported by Wilson; helped provide farmers with loans at low interest rates
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt gave a speech; said US would intervene in Latin American affairs when necessary to maintain econ. and pol. stability in the W. Hemisphere
Dollar Diplomacy
American bussinesses would increase their trade and profits, and countries in Latin America would rise out of poverty
Root-Takahira Agreement
Woodrow Wilson
used moral diplomacy and sent troops into Mexico to help end the revolution
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Austro-Hungarian president; murdered and caused WWI
Kaiser Wilhelm II
submarines used by Germany in WWI
passenger sunk by German u-boats; caused American views to turn against Germany in WWI
Sussex Pledge
Germany promised not to sink any more merchant ships w/out any warning
Zimmerman Note
German telegraph to Mexico intercepted by Brit.; said if Mexico went to war w/ America, Germany would give back TX, AZ, and NM
14 Points
Wilson's peace plan for Germany; 8 points of territory; freedom of seas, League of Nations, no secret alliances, self-determination to all people; free trade, and limitation of militarism
Allied Powers
France, Brit, Russia
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
American Expeditionary Force
US Armed Forces during WWI; set up by Wilson
Selective Service Act
required all men b/w age of 21 and 30 to register for a draft
Espoinage Act
made it illegal to aid the enemy, give false reports, or interfere w/ the war effort
Sedition Act
made it illegal to speak against the war publicly
War Industries Board
coordinated production of war materials during WWI
Food Administration
responsible for food production while reducing civilian consumption during WWI
Liberty and Victory Bonds
Americans bought bonds and lent money to the gov. that would be repaid in interest in future years
Natl. War Labor Board
attempted to mediate labor disputes that might lead to strikes
Committee on Public Info.
used advertising tactics to help sway public opinion in favor of the war
Western Front
contested armed frontier b/w lands of Germany to the East and Allies to the West
Armistice Line of 1917
Germany signed a truce to stop fighting
David Lloyd George
Brit. leader at Treaty of Versailles
George Clemenceau
French leader at Treaty of Versailles; wanted to punish Germany
Vittorio Orlando
Italian leader at Treaty of Versailles
Henry Cabot Lodge
would only sign Treaty of V. if certain amendments were made to the League of Nations
League of Nations
Wilson wanted in his 14 Points; help preserve peace by pledging to respect and protect ach others territory and pol.
Treaty of Versailles
included terms taht weakened Germany; blamed Germany for the war; Germany owed over $33 billion
Vladimir Lenin
overthrew Russian gov. and established a Communist gov.; pulled Russia out of WWI
Count Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau