were first created by the Rouse Company with opening of Faneuil Hall Marketplace in Boston. A limited number of festival centers were built in the 1970s and 1980s and because of their significant dependence on tourist visitors, their success was confined to large markets such as Boston, New York, Baltimore, and San Francisco. By and large they are forerunners to urban entertainment centers, and some of their characteristics have been incorporated into this newer form of shopping center. As its name suggest, this type of shopping center was intended to create a special, festive experience, with a high percentage of festival center GLA devoted to specialty restaurants and food vendors. Food vendors typically are concentrated like they are in typical food courts, but with much greater emphasis placed on ethnic authenticity and distinctive offerings. Retail goods at a festival center tend to be impulse and specialty items including artwork, collectibles, jewelry, pottery, leather goods and unique home furnishings. Festival centers also include a strong entertainment component with regular informal events featuring street mimes, jugglers, dancers, strolling musicians, and other "oddities". The trade area for festival centers must be large, since a significant portion of its business activity is generated by tourists as well as conventions, professional meetings and commercial travelers. As such, most festival centers are categorized as being regional due to their scale of the market and then as festival centers since they do not include department store anchors. Typical of the festival center are their unique architecture and relationship to other significant land uses, as well as to waterfronts, historic areas and the like.