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Explain what human dignity is and where it comes from
Human value or worth is immeasurable and incomparable. We receive our dignity from having been made in the image and likeness of God, so it is part of our human nature - it cannot be lost.
Explain the relationship between the human body and soul
Humans are a composite of both body and soul. Both are good and necessary to human existence.
List and define the two powers that make up the human soul
Intellect: capacity to seek truth. Will: capacity to do good.
Discuss the social nature of humans
We are social, we are made in the "image and likeness of God" and have the capacity to create interpersonal relationships of love.
Explain three ways in which human sin can take on a social dimension
All sins, even "victimless crimes", cause some degree of damage to human society. Some sins are social because they directly violate the rights of other humans in society. Some "structural" sins are either actively committed or passively permitted by an entire society.
Giving people what is due to them/ what they deserve.
List the four types of justice
Contractual, legal, distributive, and social justice.
Explain one way in which families might be considered sacred
The relationship of husband, wife, and child is an earthly imitation of the relationship of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Define the Common Good of society
A set of circumstances in which every member of a society is given the opportunity to reach his/her full potential.
List the two sources from which all legitimate governments receive their authority
Legitimate governments must recognize that they are both servants of the people and stewards of God's Kingdom..both God and the people.
List the three characteristics of human rights
Universal, inalienable, and inviolable.
Explain the three responsibilities that come with human rights
We must use each right for good. We may not violate another person's rights through the exercise of our own rights. We must protect the rights of every member of our society, especially those who can't protect themselves.
Explain the Preferential Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
There are certain members of our society who are not capable of defending their own rights or even caring for themselves. These individuals should be given priority and legal protection.
List the six groups of people that Jesus specifically mentions in Matthew 25 as being poor and vulnerable
Hungry, thirsty, naked, prisoners, sick, and foreigners.
Define work as it relates to Catholic Social Teaching
The contribution of our God-given gifts and talents for the benefit of society.
Discuss the proper relationship between humans and the economy
The economy exists to serve humans, not vice versa. Humans must never be treated as objects or the means to a profit.
List two examples of rights that pertain specifically to workers
Form unions and a safe work environment.
Explain the Principle of Solidarity
If God is the Father of the human family, then every human person is a sister or brother -- there is no "us" and "them".
Explain the Principle of Subsidiarity
Matters of government should be handled at the most local level possible. Centralized authority should only step in when necessary.
Explain how Subsidiarity relates to Families
The family's right to govern themselves must be protected by society.
Discuss the two temptations that voters should avoid according to the video on Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship
Saying all issues are equal and saying only 1 issue matters.
Explain how Stewardship applies to God's Creation
Caring for something that has been entrusted to us, that we don't own. The human family has been entrusted with care for God's earth.
List 6 reasons why abortion is such a unique issue in Catholic Social Teaching
It destroys "innocent life" - unborn children are the most vulnerable people in our society, the magnitude of the issue, the legality of the issue, the separation of an entire class of people from human status or personhood, no possibility of informed consent from the child, and the invisibility of the issue.
Explain the meaning of the word euthanasia as it was understood by the early Christians
It meant "good death" It originally referred to dying in the grace of Jesus Christ, having received the last Sacraments.
Explain the difference between ordinary and extraordinary means of preserving life and the morality surrounding this distinction
Ordinary - basic necessities of life. Extraordinary - treatments that may cause more harm than good. Morality - It would be expected that we continue to provide ordinary means of keeping patients alive for as long as they need them. It would not be necessary to provide extraordinary means of keeping patients alive, it is optional.
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