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Terms in this set (9)
what effect did agriculture have on the Virginia colony?
The success of tobacco as a cash crop transformed life in the Virginia colony and encouraged slavery. The economy of Virginia depended on agriculture as a primary source of wealth.
How did agriculture in the Virginia colony influence slavery?
Tobacco became the most profitable agricultural product and was sold in England as a cash crop.The successful planting of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of labor. African men, women, and children were brought to the colony against their will to work as slaves on the plantations. The Virginia colony became dependent on slave labor, and the dependence lasted a long time.
How did the culture of virginia reflect beliefs, customs, and architecture of people Europeans, Africans, and American Indians?
Whenever people settle an area, they change the culture and landscapes to reflect thier belifes, customs, and architecture. Example of architecture that reflect different cultures include barns, homes, and places of worship (e.g., churches). Place names reflecting culture include English-Richmond and American Indian-Roanoke.
Where did the various cultural groups settle?
The English and other Europeans sttled primarily in Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont region. Germans and Scotts-Irish settled primarily in the Shenedoah Valley, which was along the migration route. Africans were settled primarily in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor. Prior to the arrival of the settlers, American indians lived throughout Virginia After the settlers arrived, most were forced inland. Migration and living in new areas caused people to adapt old customs to their new enviorment.
What were some reasons why the capital was moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Drinking water was contaminated by seepage of salt water, unhealthy living conditions caused diseases, and fire destroyed wooden and brick buildings at Jamestown.
What were some reasons why the capital was moved from Williamsburg to Richmond?
Population was moving westward, Richmond was a more centeral location, and moving to Richmond increased the distance from attack by the British. England became Great Brittan in the early 1700s.
What forms of exchange were used in the Virginia Colony?
Few pople had paper money and coins to use to buy goods and services. Barter was commonly used insted of money. Tobacco was used as money. A tobacco farmer could use his tobacco to pay for goods and services. Farmers and other consumers could also buy goods and services on credit and pay their debts when their crops were harvested and sold. Colonial Virginia had no banks.
How did resources influence the food, housing, and clothing in colonial Virginia?
People living in colonial Virginia depended on natural, human, and capital resources to produce the goods and services they needed. Food:
-Food choices were limited
-Meals were made local produce and meats
-Most people lived in one-roomed homes with dirt floors
_Some people (farmers) lived in large houses
-Households made their own clothes
-Most clothing was made of cotton, wool, and leather
How was everyday life different for whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans in colonial Virginia?
Most white Virginians made their living from the land as small farmers. A few owned large farms (plantaions). Most enslaved African Americans worked tobacco, crops, and livestock. Enslaved African Americans had no rights. Many free African Ameicans owned thier own business and property, but were denied most rights.
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