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Sudden onset of hyperactivity of the bronchioles with bronchospasm. Inflammation and swelling severely narrow the lumens. Aka reactive airway disease because it is a hypersensitive reaction to a triggering agent
Chronic, permanent enlargement and loss of elasticity of the bronchi and bronchioles.
Incomplete expansion of collapse of part or all of a lung due to mucus, tumor, trauma, or a foreign body that blocks the bronchus. Aka collapsed lung
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema caused by chronic exposure to pollution or smoking
Inherited eventually fatal disease caused by recessive gene. Affects all exocrine cells (those that secrete mucus, digestive enzymes, and sweat), but respiratory system is particularly affected.
Chronic, irreversibly damaged alveoli that become large air spaces that trap air in the lungs
Localized collection of pus in the thoracic cavity from in infection in the lungs
Constant exposure to inhaled coal dust causes this condition. Aka coal miner's lung or black lung
General word for any occupational lung disease caused by chronically inhaling some type of dust or particle
Pneumonia that affects the bronchi, bronchioles, and the adjacent lung tissue and alveoli
Fluid in the alveoli due to failure of the left side of the heart to adequately pump blood. There is backup blood in the pulmonary circulation
Lung infection caused by bacterium and spread by airborne droplets expelled by coughing
Large volume of air that forms in the pleural space and progressively separates the two pleural membranes.
inflammation of the pleura as a result of pneumonia or other infection, trauma, or tumor. Aka pleuritis
Lung disease that causes the patient to assume an upright or semi-upright position in order to breathe and sleep comfortably. Dyspnea and congestion in the lungs occur when laying down
Bluish-gray discoloration of the skin from abnormally low levels of oxygen and abnormally high levels of carbon dioxide in the tissues
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