English MT Vocab

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Italian Sonnet
octave and sestet
Shakespearean Sonnet
made up of a quatrain and couplet
Sonnet
14 line poem written in iambic pentameter
couplet
two lines in the poem
quatrain
poem having 4 lines
octave
asks question or the problem (8 lines)
sestet
6 lines that answer the question
volta
the turn of a thought or an argument
iambic pentameter
"I am" 5 sets of stressed and unstressed per line
caesura
a rhythmic pause or break within a line of poetry (indicated by a dash or comma)
setting
the time and location in which a story takes place
symbolism
a literary movement that originated in late-nineteenth-century France, in which writer rearranged the world of appearances in order to reveal a more truthful version of reality
metaphor
a figure of speech that make a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles.
simile
a poetic device where a comparison is given using the words like or as
personification
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning
characterization
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
plot
the series of related events in a story or play, sometimes called the story line
mood
overall feeling of the story
tone
the attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience
archetype
a pattern that recurs across time and culture
theme
main idea
slant rhyme
a poetic device where the rhyme scheme is not perfect; words at the end of the lines do not sound exactly alike
alliteration
the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words close together.
paradox
a statement that appears to be self-contradictory but reveals a kind of truth
catalog
a list of things, people, etc
satire
irony, humor, exaggerated ridicule
irony
a discrepancy between appearances and reality
verbal irony
when someone says one thing but really means something else
situational irony
when there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen, or what would be appropriate to happen, and what really does happen.
dramatic irony
a character in the play or the story thinks one thing is true, but the audience or reader knows better
1st person point of view
one of the characters in the story tells the story, using first person pronouns such as I and we.
2nd person point of view
uses the pronouns you, your, and yours
3rd person point of view
an outside source tells the story
3rd person limited
an unknown narrator tells the story
3rd person omniscient
all knowing
logical appeal
consists of facts, examples, and well-reasoned arguments
ethical appeal
arguments based on widely accepted values or moral standard
emotional appeal
consists of language and anecdotes that arouse strong feelings
satire
a type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about change
cadence
rhythm of speech; the way we talk
meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
imagery
the use of language to evoke a picture or concrete sensation of a person, a thing, a place, or an experience
consonance
the repetition of the same or similar final consonant sounds in accented syllables or in important words
iamb
a metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
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