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818 terms

Barron's + Kaplan + Princeton (High Frequency)

STUDY
PLAY
aberrant
deviating from the norm
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness
anomaly
deviation from the normal order, form, or rule; abnormality
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
assuage
to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
audacious
daring and fearless; recklessly bold
capricious
inclined to change one's mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable
censure
to criticize severely; to officially rebuke
chicanery
trickery or subterfuge
connoisseur
an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
discordant
conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
disparate
fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
eloquent
well-spoken; expressive; articulate
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
ennui
dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
exculpate
exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
filibuster
intentional obstruction, esp. using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action
ingenuous
artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inured
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
irascible
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laud
to praise highly
magnanimity
the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, esp. in forgiving
martial
associated with war and the armed forces
mundane
of the world; typical of or concerned with the ordinary
nascent
coming into being; in early developmental stages
nebulous
vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
neologism
a new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
noxious
harmful; injurious
obtuse
lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression
obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
onerous
troubling; burdensome
parody
a humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect, esp. in literature and art
perennial
recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
perfunctory
cursory; done without care or interest
prattle
to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
prescience
foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring
prevaricate
to deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
refute
to disprove; to successfully argue against
relegate
to forcibly assign, esp. to a lower place or position
solicitous
concerned and attentive; eager
sporadic
occurring only occasionally, or in scattered instances
static
not moving, active, or in motion; at rest
stupefy
to stun, baffle, or amaze
tortuous
winding; twisting; excessively complicated
truculent
fierce and cruel; eager to fight
voracious
having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous
waver
to move to and fro; to sway; to be unsettled in opinion
abscond
to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
ameliorate
to make better or more tolerable
arduous
strenuous; taxing; requiring significant effort
ascetic
one who practices rigid self-denial, esp. as an act of religious devotion
austere
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
axiom
a universally recognized principle
axiomatic
taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
canonical
following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards
contentious
argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
convoluted
complex or complicated
culpable
deserving blame
disabuse
to undeceive; to set right
eclectic
composed of elements drawn from various sources
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
ephemeral
brief; fleeting
erudite
very learned; scholarly
eulogy
a speech honoring the dead
extemporaneous
improvised; done without preparation
facetious
playful; humorous
fulminate
to loudly attack or denounce
hyperbole
an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
lucid
clear; easily understood
oscillation
the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
paean
a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
perfidy
intentional breach of faith; treachery
pernicious
extremely harmful; potentially causing death
perspicacious
acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
pious
extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion
precipitate
acting with excessive haste or impulse
precipitate
to cause or happen before anticipated or required
precursor
one that precedes and indicates or announces another
predilection
a disposition in favor of something; preference
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts; productive
qualms
misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy
quiescence
stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest
recant
to retract, esp. a previously held belief
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
reticent
quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
sordid
characterized by filth, grime, or squalor; foul
squalid
sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
squander
to waste by spending or using irresponsibly
stoic
indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
stymie
to block; thwart
supplant
to take the place of; supersede
synthesis
the combination of parts to make a whole
torpid
lethargic; sluggish; dormant
torque
a force that causes rotation
ubiquitous
existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
veracity
truthfulness; honesty
vilify
to defame; to characterize harshly
virulent
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
abate
to lessen in intensity or degree
accolade
an expression of praise
adulation
excessive praise; intense adoration
aesthetic
dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful
avarice
greed, esp. for wealth
burgeon
to grow rapidly or flourish
cacophony
harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
canon
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
castigation
severe criticism or punishment
catalyst
a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing
catalyst
a person or thing that causes change
caustic
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
chary
wary; cautious; sparing
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
contrite
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
dearth
smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
demur
to question or oppose
didactic
intended to teach or instruct
discretion
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
disinterested
indifferent; free from self-interest
dogmatic
stubbornly opinionated
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
elegy
a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
emollient
soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh
empirical
based on observation or experiment
enigmatic
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
esoteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
exonerate
to remove blame
fallacy
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
furtive
marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
gregarious
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
harangue
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade
heretical
violating accepted dogma or convention
impecunious
lacking funds; without money
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
inert
unmoving; lethargic; sluggish
innocuous
harmless; causing no damage
intransigent
refusing to compromise
inveigle
to obtain by deception or flattery
morose
sad; sullen; melancholy
odious
evoking intense aversion or dislike
opaque
impenetrable by light; not reflecting light
peruse
to examine with great care
preen
to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care
prodigious
abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
putrefy
to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor
quaff
to drink deeply
sanction
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance
urbane
sophisticated; refined; elegant
viscous
thick; sticky
acerbic
having a sour or bitter taste or character
amalgamate
to combine several elements into a whole
amenable
agreeable; responsive to suggestion
bolster
to provide support or reinforcement
bombast
self-important or pompous writing or speech
bombastic
pompous; grandiloquent
credulous
tending to believe too readily; gullible
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively
fervent
greatly emotional or zealous
flout
to demonstrate contempt for, as in a rule or convention
fortuitous
happening by fortunate accident or chance
garrulous
pointlessly talkative; talking too much
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
halcyon
calm and peaceful
hubris
arrogant presumption or pride
idolatrous
given to intense or excessive devotion to something
imminent
about to happen; impending
imperturbable
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
impetuous
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
implacable
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
indifferent
having no interest or concern; showing no bias or prejudice
intrepid
steadfast and courageous
laconic
using few words; terse
malleable
capable of being shaped or formed; tractable; pliable
maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
meticulous
characterized by extreme care and precision; attentive to detail
mollify
to calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity
obdurate
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obfuscate
to deliberately obscure; to make confusing
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obstinate
stubborn; hardheaded; uncompromising
opprobrium
disgrace; contempt; scorn
ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentiousness
pedantic
the parading of learning; excessive attention to minutiae and formal rules
pervade
to permeate throughout
pervasive
having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm; sluggish; unemotional
pirate
to illegally use or reproduce
plethora
an overabundance; a surplus
polemical
controversial; argumentative
pragmatic
practical rather than idealistic
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rhetoric
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
promoting health or well-being
sedulous
diligent; persistent; hard-working
solvent
able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
soporific
causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
aggrandize
to increase in intensity, power, or prestige
alchemy
a medieval science aimed at the transmutation of metals, esp. base metals into gold
anachronism
something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
contiguous
sharing a border; touching; adjacent
convention
a generally agreed-upon practice or attitude
cynicism
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness
decorum
polite or appropriate conduct or behavior
derision
scorn; ridicule; contemptuous treatment
desiccate
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
disparage
to slight or belittle
divulge
to disclose something secret
immutable
not capable of change
inimical
damaging; harmful; injurious
intractable
not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
neophyte
a recent convert; a beginner; novice
presumptuous
overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy); taking liberties
pristine
pure; uncorrupted; clean
probity
adherence to highest principles; uprightness
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
profligate
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
propensity
a natural inclination or tendency; penchant
prosaic
dull; unimaginative
pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste
quixotic
foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideals
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recondite
hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
renege
to fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
shard
a piece of broken pottery or glass
sparse
thin; not dense; arranged at widely spaced intervals
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
subtle
not obvious; elusive; difficult to discern
tacit
implied; not explicitly stated
terse
brief and concise in wording
tout
to publicly praise or promote
trenchant
sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
unfeigned
genuine; not false or hypocritical
untenable
indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable
vacillate
to waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another; to waver
variegated
multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different color
vexation
annoyance; irritation
vigilant
alertly watchful
vituperate
to use harsh condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; to berate
volatile
readily changing to a vapor; changeable; fickle; explosive
acumen
quick, keen, or accurate knowledge or insight
adulterate
to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
archaic
outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive, time
aver
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
dissemble
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
eccentric
departing from norms or conventions
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
exacerbate
to make worse or more severe
grandiloquence
pompous speech or expression
hackneyed
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
hedonism
devotion to pleasurable pursuits, esp. to the pleasures of the senses
hegemony
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
impassive
revealing no emotion
impunity
immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
in an initial stage; not fully formed
infelicitous
unfortunate; inappropriate
insipid
without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
loquacious
extremely talkative
luminous
characterized by brightness and the emission of light
malevolent
having or showing often vicious ill-will, spite, or hatred
misanthrope
one who hates all other humans
mitigate
to make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
occlude
to obstruct or block
pedagogy
the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing
penury
poverty; destitution
pine
to yearn intensely; to languish; to lose vigor
pith
the essential or central part
pithy
precise and brief
placate
to appease; to calm by making concessions
platitude
a superficial remark, esp. one offered as meaningful
plummet
to plunge or drop straight down
prodigal
recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
profuse
given or coming forth abundantly; extravagant
proliferate
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
queries
questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling; quarrelsome
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with; to disown
rescind
to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
reverent
marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe and respect
specious
seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
subpoena
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
succinct
brief; concise
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
surfeit
excess; overindulgence
tenacity
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued
tenuous
having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
tirade
a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation
transient
fleeting; passing quickly; brief
zealous
fervent; ardent; impassioned
abate
subside or moderate
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
abeyance
suspended action
abscond
depart secretly and hide
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
admonish
warn; reprove
adulterate
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
aggregate
gather; accumulate
alacrity
cheerful promptness; eagerness
alleviate
relieve
amalgamate
combine; unite in one body
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ameliorate
improve
anachronism
something or someone misplaced in time
analogous
comparable
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
antipathy
aversion; dislike
apathy
lack of caring; indifference
appease
pacify or soothe; relieve
apprise
inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use
arduous
hard; strenuous
artless
without guile; open and honest
ascetic
practicing self-denial; austere
assiduous
diligent
assuage
ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
attenuate
make thinner; weaken or lessen (in density, force, degree)
audacious
daring; bold
austere
forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented
aver
assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state formally as a fact
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality
belie
contradict; give a false impression
beneficent
kindly; doing good
bolster
support; reinforce
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
boorish
rude; insensitive
burgeon
grow forth; send out buds
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support; prop up
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
castigation
punishment; severe criticism
catalyst
agent that stimulates or precipitates a reaction, development, or change
caustic
burning; sarcastically biting
chicanery
trickery; deception
coagulate
thicken; congeal; clot
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition; something that summarizes
cogent
convincing
commensurate
corresponding in extent, degree, amount, etc.; proportionate
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary
complaisant
trying to please; overly polite; obliging
compliant
yielding; conforming to requirements
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
confound
confuse; puzzle
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc.; a lover of an art
contention
claim; thesis
contentious
quarrelsome
contrite
penitent
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
convoluted
coiled around; involved; intricate
craven
cowardly
daunt
intimidate; frighten
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
default
failure to act
deference
courteous regard for another's wish
delineate
portray; depict; sketch
denigrate
blacken
deride
ridicule; make fun of
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source
desiccate
dry up
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
deterrent
something that discourages; hindrance
diatribe
bitter scolding; invective
dichotomy
split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
diffidence
shyness
diffuse
wordy; rambling; spread out (like a gas)
digression
wandering away from the subject
dirge
lament with music
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
discredit
defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve
discrepancy
lack of consistency; difference
discrete
separate; unconnected; consisting of distinct parts
disingenuous
lacking genuine candor; insincere
disinterested
unprejudiced
disjointed
lacking coherence
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; reject
disparage
belittle
disparate
basically different; unrelated
dissemble
disguise; pretend
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissolution
disintegration; looseness in morals
dissonance
discord; opposite of harmony
distend
expand; swell out
distill
purify; refine; concentrate
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point
divest
strip; deprive
document
provide written evidence
dogmatic
opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal
dormant
sleeping; lethargic; latent
dupe
someone easily fooled
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
efficacy
power to produce desired effect
effrontery
impudence; shameless boldness; sheer nerve; presumptuousness
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation
elicit
draw out by discussion
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance, as a story
empirical
base on experience
emulate
imitate; rival
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or an area
enervate
weaken
engender
cause; produce
enhance
increase; improve
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
equivocate
lie, mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
erudite
learned; scholarly
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
exacerbate
worsen; embitter
exculpate
clear from blame
exigency
urgent situation; pressing needs or demands; state of requiring immediate attention
extrapolation
projection; superfluous
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); humorous
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
fallacious
false; misleading
fatuous
brainless; inane; foolish, yet smug
fawning
trying to please by behaving obsequiously, flattering or cringing
felicitous
apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling
flag
droop; grow feeble
fledgling
inexperienced
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for
foment
stir up; instigate
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
frugality
thrift; economy
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
gainsay
deny
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative
goad
urge on
gouge
overcharge
grandiloquent
pompous; bombastic; using high-sounding language
gregarious
sociable
guileless
without deceit
gullible
easily deceived
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech
homogenous
of the same kind
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement
iconoclast
attacking cherished traditions
idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration
immutable
unchangeable
impair
injure; hurt
impassive
without feeling; imperturbable; stoical
impede
hinder, block
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance
imperturbable
calm; placid
impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed
implacable
incapable of being pacified
implicit
understood but not stated
implode
burst inward
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
inchoate
recently begun; rudimentary; elementary
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
indigence
poverty
indolent
lazy
inert
inactive; lacking power to move
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit
innocuous
harmless
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive
insinuate
hint; imply; creep in
insipid
lacking in flavor; dull
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation
intractable
unruly; stubborn; unyielding
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness
inundate
overwhelm; flood; submerge
inured
accustomed; hardened
invective
abuse
irascible
irritable; easily angered
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak
itinerary
plan of a trip
laconic
brief and to the point
lassitude
languor; weariness
latent
potential but undeveloped; dormant; hidden
laud
praise
lethargic
drowsy; dull
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities
loquacious
talkative
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible
luminous
shining; issuing light
magnanimity
generosity
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty
malleable
capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionable
maverick
rebel; nonconformist
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest
metamorphosis
change of form
meticulous
excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous
misanthrope
one who hates mankind
mitigate
lessen in intensity; moderate; appease
mollify
soothe
morose
ill-humored; sullen; melancholy
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday
negate
cancel out; nullify; deny
neophyte
recent convert; beginner
obdurate
stubborn
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of
occlude
shut; close
officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services
onerous
burdensome
opprobium
infamy; vilification
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
ostentatious
showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
paragon
model of perfection
partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party
pathological
pertaining to disease
paucity
scarcity
pedantic
showing off learning; bookish
penchant
strong inclination; liking
penury
severe poverty; stinginess
perennial
something long-lasting
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal
perfunctory
superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm
permeable
penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through
pervasive
spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm; not easily disturbed
piety
devoutness; reverence for God
placate
pacify; conciliate
plasticity
ability to be molded
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement
plethora
excess; overabundance
plummet
fall sharply
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic)
preamble
introductory statement
precarious
uncertain; risky
precipitate
rash; premature; hasty; sudden
precursor
forerunner; harbinger
presumptuous
arrogant; taking liberties
prevaricate
lie
pristine
characteristic of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled
probity
uprightness; incorruptibility
problematic
doubtful; unsettled; questionable; perplexing
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money
profound
deep; not superficial; complete
prohibitive
inclined to prevent or forbid
proliferate
grow rapidly; spread; multiply
propensity
natural inclination
propitiate
appease
propriety
fitness; correct conduct
proscribe
ostracize; banish; outlaw
pungent
stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic
qualified
limited; restricted
quibble
minor objection or complaint
quiescent
at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas)
recalcitrant
obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error
recluse
hermit; loner
recondite
abstruse; profound; secret
refractory
stubborn; unmanageable
refute
disprove
relegate
banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign
reproach
express disapproval or disappointment
reprobate
person hardened by sin, devoid of a sense of decency
repudiate
disown; disavow
rescind
cancel
resolution
determination
resolve
determination; firmness of purpose
reticent
reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to silence
reverent
respectful; worshipful
sage
person celebrated for wisdom
salubrious
healthful
sanction
approve; ratify
satiate
satisfy fully
saturate
soak thoroughly
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality
secrete
hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism
shard
fragment; generally of pottery
skeptic
doubter; person who suspends judgment until having examined the evidence supporting a point of view
solicious
worried, concerned
soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentional)
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism
sporadic
occurring irregularly
stigma
token of disgrace; brand
stint
be thrifty; set limits
stipulate
make express conditions, specify
stolid
dull; impassive
striated
marked with parallel bands; grooved
strut
pompous walk
strut
supporting bar
subpoena
writ summoning a witness to appear
subside
settle down; descend; grow quiet
substantiate
establish by evidence; verify; support
supersede
cause to be set aside; replace; make obsolete
supposition
hypothesis; surmise
tacit
understood; not put into words
tangential
peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing
tenuous
thin; rare; slim
tirade
extended scolding; denunciation; harangue
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy
tortuous
winding; full of curves
tractable
docile; easily managed
transgression
violation of a law; sin
truculence
aggressiveness; ferocity
vacillate
waver; fluctuate
venerate
revere
veracious
truthful
verbose
wordy
viable
practical or workable; capable of maintaining life
viscous
sticky, gluey
vituperative
abusive; scolding
volatile
changeable; explosive; evaporating rapidly
warranted
justified; authorized
wary
very cautious
welter
turmoil; bewildering jumble
whimsical
capricious; fanciful
zealot
fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing
abate
to reduce in amount, degree, or severity
abscond
to leave secretly
abstain
to choose not to do something
abyss
an extremely deep hole
adulterate
to make impure
advocate
to speak in favor of
aesthetic
concerning the appreciation of beauty
aggrandize
to increase in power, influence, and reputation
alleviate
to make more bearable
amalgamate
to combine, to mix together
ambiguous
doubtful or uncertain; able to be interpreted in several ways
ameliorate
to make better; to improve
anachronism
something out of place in time
analogous
similar or alike in some way; equivalent to
anomaly
deviation form what is normal
antagonize
to annoy or provoke to anger
antipathy
extreme dislike
apathy
lack of interest or emotion
arbitrate
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties
archaic
ancient, old-fashioned
ardor
intense and passionate feeling
articulate
able to speak clearly and expressively
assuage
to make something unpleasant less sever
attenuate
to reduce in force or degree; to weaken
audacious
fearless and daring
austere
severe or stern in appearance; undecorated
banal
predictable, cliched, boring
bolster
to support; to prop up
bombastic
pompous in speech and manner
cacaphony
harsh, jarring noise
candid
impartial and honest in speech
capricious
changing one's mind quickly and often
castigate
to punish or criticize harshly
catalyst
something that brings about a change in something else
caustic
biting in wit
chaos
great disorder or confusion
chauvinist
someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs
chicanery
deception by means of craft or guile
cogent
convincing and well reasoned
condone
to overlook, pardon, or disregard
convoluted
intricate and complicated
corroborate
to provide supporting evidence
credulous
too trusting; gullible
crescendo
steadily increasing volume or force
decorum
appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety
deference
respect, courtesy
deride
to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock
desiccate
to dry out thoroughly
desultory
jumping from one thing to another; disconnected
diatribe
an abusive, condemnatory speech
diffident
lacking self-confidence
dilate
to make larger; to expand
dilatory
intended to delay
dilettante
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
dirge
a funeral hymn or mournful speech
disabuse
to set right; to free from error
discern
to perceive; to recognize
disparate
fundamentally different; entirely unlike
dissemble
to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character
dissonance
a harsh and disagreeable combination, often of sounds
dogma
a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief
dogmatic
dictatorial in one's opinions
dupe
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
eclectic
selecting from or made up from a variety of sources
efficacy
effectiveness
elegy
a sorrowful poem or speech
eloquent
persuasive and moving, especially in speech
emulate
to copy; to try to equal or excel
enervate
to reduce in strength
engender
to produce, cause, or bring about
enigma
a puzzle; a mystery
enumerate
to count, list, or itemize
ephemeral
lasting a short time
equivocate
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead
erratic
wandering and unpredictable
erudite
learned, scholarly, bookish
esoteric
known or understood by only a few
estimable
admirable
eulogy
speech in praise of someone
euphemism
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
exacerbate
to make worse
exculpate
to clear from blame; prove innocent
exigent
urgent; requiring immediate action
exonerate
to clear of blame
explicit
clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression
fanatical
acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion
fawn
to court favor by a flattering manner
fervid
intensely emotional; feverish
florid
excessively decorated or embellished
foment
to arouse or incite
frugality
a tendency to be thrifty or cheap
garrulous
tending to talk a lot
gregarious
outgoing, sociable
guile
deceit or trickery
gullible
easily deceived
homogenous
of a similar kind
iconoclast
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
imperturbable
not capable of being disturbed
impervious
impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
impetuous
quick to act without thinking
implacable
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful
inchoate
not fully formed; disorganized
ingenuous
showing innocence or childlike simplicity
inimical
hostile, unfriendly
innocuous
harmless
insipid
lacking interest or flavor
intransigent
uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled
inundate
to overwhelm; to cover with water
irascible
easily made angry
laconic
using few words
lament
to express sorrow; to grieve
laud
to give praise; to glorify
lavish
to give unsparingly (V); Extremely generous or extravagant (ADJ)
lethargic
acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner
loquacious
talkative
lucid
clear and easily understood
luminous
bright, brilliant, glowing
malinger
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
malleable
capable of being shaped
metaphor
a figure of speech comparing two different things; a symbol
meticulous
extremely careful about details
misanthrope
a person who dislikes others
mitigate
to soften; to lessen
mollify
to calm or make less severe
monotony
lack of variation
naive
lacking sophistication or experience
obdurate
hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion
obsequious
overly submissive and eager to please
obstinate
stubborn, unyielding
obviate
to prevent; to make unnecessary
occlude
to stop up; to prevent the passage of
onerous
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
opaque
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
opprobrium
public disgrace
ostentation
excessive showiness
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
paragon
model of excellence or perfection
pedant
someone who shows off learning
perfidious
willing to betray one's trust
perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent
permeate
to penetrate
philanthropy
charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
placate
to sooth or pacify
plastic
able to be molded, altered, or bent
plethora
excess
pragmatic
practical as opposed to idealistic
precipitate
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
prevaricate
to lie or deviate from the truth
pristine
fresh and clean; uncorrupted
prodigal
lavish, wasteful
proliferate
to increase in number quickly
propitiate
to conciliate; to appease
propriety
correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs
prudence
wisdom, caution, or restraint
pungent
sharp and irritating to the senses
quiescent
motionless
rarefy
to make thinner or sparser
repudiate
to reject the validity of
reticent
silent, reserved
rhetoric
effective writing or speaking
satiate
to satisfy fully or overindulge
soporific
causing sleep or lethargy
specious
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
stigma
a mark of shame or discredit
stolid
unemotional; lacking sensitivity
sublime
lofty or grand
tacit
done without using words
taciturn
silent, not talkative
tirade
long, harsh speech or verbal attack
torpor
extreme mental and physical sluggishness
transitory
temporary, lasting a brief time
vacillate
to sway physically; to be indecisive
venerate
to respect deeply
veracity
filled with truth and accuracy
verbose
wordy
vex
to annoy
volatile
easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
waver
to fluctuate between choices
whimsical
acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable
zeal
passion, excitement