Terms in this set (53)
What does the commandment "zichor at yom hashabat likadsho" teach us and require us to do?
To say kiddish, and be "mikadesh shabbat"
How is the biblical havdalah obligation fulfilled?
by saying "atah chonantanu" (a short prayer in the middle of 4th bracha of shmonah esrai) or by saying "baruch hamavdil bein kodesh lachol"
How is the Rabbinic havdalah obligation fulfilled?
by saying a standard havdalah text over a cup of wine
When is the earliest time for havdalah?
the end of Shabbat, nightfall. But it's best to say it after ma'ariv.
When is the latest time to say havdalah if you forget?
until sunset on Tuesday, but not with bisamim or fire.
What is the male obligation for havdalah?
all men over bar mitzvah are required to hear it, or say it.
What is the female obligation for havdalah?
majority say that women are obligated, but some say they aren't; therefore, we don't say it, just listen
What should a woman do if she can't hear havdalah from a man?
say it herself and drink the wine, or give it to a boy who can say brachot
What should a woman do if she hasnt heard havdalah yet, but her husband was already yotzei?
say it herself! He cant say it again.
can a man be yotzei with a woman's havdalah?
No, unless he doesnt know how to make it
Is a blind person obligated in havdala?
Yes, but not the bracha over fire
Can Havdalah be done over telephone?
only if there is no other way
When can a person not eat or drink?
From sunset (unless he is involved in seudah shlishit) until havdalah
If a person is eating seuda shlishit with bread, can he continue after sunset?
yes, until birkat hamazon
Just as one cant eat before havdalah, a person cant do _______ until havdalah is said?
What is the abridged version of havdalah that allows you to do work but NOT EAT?
"Baruch hamavdil bein kodesh lachol"
"blesses is th eone who seperates between holy and mundane"
How should one fill the cup of wine?
until some spills over
Should one sit or stand during havdalah?
depends on custom
How should one start out holding the wine/spices?
After the bracha of "hagafen" how do you hold wine/spices?
What does one do during bracha of "boreh minei ha-aish?"
inspect fingernails of right hand
What custom do people have with wine after havdalah?
dip fingers into leftovers of wine and touch their eyelids and back of ears
Do the listeners have to say their own bracha for bisamim or the fire?
No, but some have the custom to.
What is the minimum amount to drink?
"Milo Lugmav", but its best to drink a reviit
Who should drink from the wine?
just the reciter
Why is it customary for women not to drink from wine?
kabbalistic reason- Chava ate from a grape tree (wine) and separated herself G-d and Adam. Therefore, womem don't drink from the "separation wine"
Why do we have besamim on motzei shabbat?
b/c the extra neshama from shabbat leaves and the soul becomes depressed. Therefore, we alleviate the depression with the good spiritual smell
What is the bracha "atzei bisamim" said on?
fragrance from trees
What is the bracha "asbei bisamim" said on?
fragrance from a bush (mint)
When is the bracha of bisamim said?
after bracha of wine
If a person ommited the bracha of bisamim when can they say it till?
If a person knows he won't be able to make havdalah on sat night, what should they still do?
say bracha of bisamim/ha-aish, b/c it's independent. If they know they are going to make havdalah before dawn, then they should wait include bisamim in havdalah.
Who is obligated in havdalah?
men, women, and children age of chinuch
what should a person whos sense of smell is impaired do?
not make bracha of "bisamim"
What should a person do if they have a cold?
test it out 1st...see if you can smell, then make bracha.
What spices can be used?
any spice found in kitchen, or fruit, like a etrog.
What is the special bracha on an etrog?
"Ha'noten reyach tov la' peirot"
Can you make bisamim on perfume or air freshener?
NO (unless your lishai =P)
Why do we make a bracha over a candle on motzei shabbat?
b/c that was when fire was 1st introduced to Adam. (rubbing 2 stones together)
Why does one say "bore mi'orei ha-eish" on a single flame if "me'orei" is plural?
bc the flame itself has many different colors, so you're illuminating all the diff colors
When do we make the bracha over fire?
Wheb do you have until to say bracha of "mi'orei ha-aish?"
dawn sunday morning (alot hashachar)
How does the order of havdalah correlate to our senses?
1st bracha is hagafen-mouth, next is bisamim-smell, then ha-aish-eyes. We are going up in our senses and in our kedusha
What is the best type of candle to use?
a candle with 2 wicks or more
If a halachic torch isnt available, what should you do?
make the bracha on a single flame
can fire lit on shabbat be used for havdalah?
If a person doesnt have candles or matches, what do some poskim allow?
make it over an unfrosted (clear), incandescent, electric bulb.
what should one do if even an unfrosted light bulb isnt available?
say it on a frosted one, but florescent or colored bulb is Asur.
What does R' Moshe Feinstein say regarding electricity?
Never make a bracha on it.
If a candle was lit for yartzeit, cooking, baking, fireplace, can it be used for havdalah?
Why do some people turn off electric lights before making the bracha?
to acknowledge which light you're making a bracha on.
If there is enough light to differentiate between ____________- then that is considered to be close enough to benefit from the flame.
2 coins from 2 diff countries
Since most people dont have coins from 2 diff countries in their pocket, how do they distinguish if they are close to the fire?
bend his fingers from right hand inward, exposing them next to his skin to see if he can differentiate between them.