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China Terms - Cluster One "Background and Rise"
Terms in this set (22)
Teachings that stresses the need for harmony and balance in human affairs, stressed education and responsibility among government officials, provided a moral and ethical code of behavior in China for centuries
The last dynasty of China (1644-1912), founded by Manchus in northeastern China with the Mongols and generals who defected from the Ming-dynasty
For a woman to obey; To her father as a daughter, To her husband as a wife, and to her son as a widow
Morality; Proper Speech; Modest Manner/Appearance; Diligent Work
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty created at the end of WWI. Signed 28 July 1919
May Fourth Movement
anti-imperialist cultural and political movement led by students, in response to govt. weak response to Treaty of Versailles, May 4 1919, boycott of Japanese goods, Chinese govt. forced to dismiss 3 pro-Japanese ministers, signaled a sharp break with the past, both the GMD and the CCP emerged from this movement
Leader of the GMD before Chiang, carried around a red book
military campaign led by Chiang with the goal of unifying China under GMD control, 1926-1928
12 April 1927, violent suppression of the CCP by the GMD, was then followed by the GMD's full-scale purge of the communists
1927-1937, when Chiang was in power in China, large economic growth, but failure to stop Japanese aggression, and instead corruption and conflict within govt.
Major communist base in southeast China, Mao started to build his strategies within this group
aka Taiwan a short lived govt. after the fall of the Qing dynasty
First United Front
(1924-1927), Where the CCP and the GMD worked together, with the CCP acting under Comintern advice, started on Northern Expedition together
United Front Against the Japanese
1936, brief alliance of the CCP and the GMD to fend off the Japanese invasion in the Second Sino-Japanese War
Chiang Kai Shek
Successor or Dr. Sun, leader of the GMD, felt threatened by the communist (Shanghai Massacre)
Period of time where power was divided among military cliques in China; aka power to regional military leaders; constituted de facto government of China,
When the communists were pursued by the nationalist for over 6,000 miles to North China
a rural town in north China, new base of operations for CCP after Long March
Chinese Communist Party; founded in 1921;
Chinese Nationalist Party; aka Kuomintang, Guomindang, Nationalist Party of China;
Leader of the CCP, father of the communist revolution, believed in peasant revolution, 1893-1976
Harry S. Truman
33rd President of the US, after FDR, approved the dropping of the atomic bombs, was prez during start of Cold War
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
China Terms - Cluster Two "Consolidation and Early…
China Terms - Cluster 3 "The Radical Mao Phase"
China Terms - Late Additions "Religions"
Systems of Government Terms
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