Terms in this set (86)
Who was the 1st Zionist?
Who is the father of modern zionism?
Theodor Herzl ("if you will it, it is no dream")
What year was the founding of the modern state of israel?
What 4 territories did Israel capture in the 6 day war?
1. Sinai Peninsula
2. The West Bank (yehuda&shomron)
3. The Gaza Strip
4. The Golan Heights
Who are Meir, Eshkol, and Shamir?
Golda Meir- 4th prime minister
Levi Eshkol- 3rd prime minister
Yitzchak Shamir- 7th prime minister
Who are Shalit, Goldwasser, and Arad?
Gilad Shalit, Ehud Goldwasser, and Ron Arad are 3 Israeli Prisoners of War.
Which Arab leader from what country signed a historic peace treaty in 1979?
Amar Sadaat, from Egypt
What country had its nuclear reactor bombed and destroyed by Israel in 1981?
From what African country were Israelis saved?
What is the arabic word for "uprising" and "Holy war"?
holy war- Jihad
When did the PLO start?
When did Arafat die?
Which country did israel have war with in 2006? Why?
Lebanon- cause of war: hezbollah kidnapped 2 prisoners of war
What is the knesset?
The israeli parliament
Who is the prime minister of israel today?
Who is the president of israel today?
What is the name of the group in DC that shows support of Israel-American relations?
How much money does America send 2 Israel a yr?
What 4 countries border israel?
syria, jordan, egypt, lebanon
What famous event did Herzl cover?
The Dreyfus Affair
When did Theodore Herzl die?
at age 44 in 1904
What date was Israel established?
May 14, 1948
What happened on May 15, 1948?
War of Independence- Arab armies attacked an Israel won.
What did Israel do in June 1967?
Knowing there would be a preemptive strike, Israel destroyed air crafts in Syria and the Sinai within the 1st hr.
What did Jordan do in June 1967?
Israel warns Jordan not to attack, but they don't listen and also attack
What happens within 6 days of the 1967 war?
Israel crushes opponents and gains land.
What happened to Gaza/sinai/west bank after the 6 day war?
Made Jordan River the border, Sinai Peninsula becomes a buffer zone, and Gaza and the West Bank are overpopulated with Palestinians.
What was the peace treaty of 1979?
Egypt makes friends/peace with US and Israel in exchange for Sinai
What happened in 1973?
Egypt wages Yom Kippur war to get Sinai back.
Who was prime minister during peace treaty of 1979 with egypt?
What happens in 1981? Why did Israel choose this time?
Israel bombed Iraq's nuclear reactor.
B/c Iraq was preoccupied with Iran
Who was kidnapped in 2006 by Hamas?
How long was Shalit kept in prison?
How many prisoners were released in exchange for Shalit?
2.5 weeks after Shalit, who did Hezbollah capture and then kill?
Goldwasser and Regev
What did Israel do in retaliation of Hezbollah capturing Goldwasser and Regev? Was it successful?
Sent tanks with the purpose of destroying, getting captives, and making peace. NOT SUCCESSFUL.
What are the dead bodies of Goldwasser and Regev exchanged for?
199 bodies, and 5 Hezbollah terrorists
What happened on July 4th, 1976 with a French airplane?
A plane from France that was supposed to fly to Israel, is overrun by Palestinian terrorists and taken to Antebi air base in Uganda. IDF freed them.
How was Yitzchak Rabin assassinated?
By Israeli radicals during a peace rally for negotiating with Arafat.
What was the original goal of the PLO?
to destroy israel
Who was the leader of the PLO and when did he die?
Yasser Arafat, 2004
Where does Egypt send their refugees?
to the gaza strip
Who DOES take in refugees?
Jordan & israel
Who ran against hamas in 2006 elections? Who won?
lost- Palestinian authority
What are the 3 terms of peace Israel wants?
1. Final borders
2. status of Jerusalem in borders
3. status of the refugees
what was the UN partition plan?
divide palestine into 2
What land did Palestine used to be?
Modern day Israel and Jordan
How much of Palestine did the Jews get?
Arabs got Jordan, and Jews got half of israel
who did Israel fight against in the war of independence?
Jordan, Syria, Egypt, iraq, Arabs in israel and neighboring countries
Why were Arabs in Jerusalem told to evacuate temporarily during war of independence?
B/c Arabs wanted to kill all the Jews in jerusalem
What do the left/right sides of the knesset want?
right- keep land and stay strong
left- give away land for "peace"
What was the gaza strip/gush katif problem?
Ariel Sharon didnt want to evacuate Gush Katif but had to.
What led to the sderot bombings?
Palestinians saw that the Jews left the gaza strip, they wanted Sderot too!
Where were Hezbollah created/living?
in buffer zone for 18 yrs
Who was president during the 6 day war?
Was Ariel Sharon a leftist or rightist?
Who was Ron Arad?
Israeli pilot captured in 1986
Who was one of the main countries that funded Egyptian weapons?
Is israel a democratic or jewish state?
What does one have to have done by a rabbi if they live in israel?
wedding + burial
Why does the average israeli citizen do more for israel than Americans?
B/c they pay taxes, serve in army, help economy, etc...
Who said that through Aliyah, the state of Israel was built?
What is Aliyah Bet?
Alternative Aliyah- Brits didnt let Jews into Palestine, so Jews tried to sneak in by boat, and if they were caught they went to prison camps.
What was operation Kanfei Nesharim+Operation Moses?
African Jews made Aliyah
Who are the latest influx of Aliyah ppl?
How many Muslims are there in the world?
What are Israeli's called in the media today? (one word)
Who controls Gaza now?
What happened in 1967?
6 day war
what happened in 1973?
yom kippur war Egypt & syria surprise attack. Egypt realizes that Israel has nuclear weapons. Israel won.
What happened in 1977?
Amoir Sudaat made a peace treaty with Israel
What happened in 1981?
amoir sudaat assasinated, b/c of treaty Mubarak takes over
What happened in 1987-1993?
What happened in 1994?
Jordan signs peace treaty
What happened in 2000-2006?
What happened in 2005?
Achmedinijad elected president of Iran. Gaza strip evacuation
What happened in 2006?
election held by Bush in Gaza strip and west bank. Hamas won.
what happened in 2008?
Goldwasser and regevs bodies returned.
what happened in 2007?
Israel finds out about Syria's nuclear power and sends out planes to destroy it
What happens on Dec 18th 2010?
a fruit seller in tunisia sets himself on fire in rebellion, causing riots. The president was then overthrown-Arab spring.
What 3 countries overthrew their presidents in 2010?
Tunisia, Lybia, and Egypt
Which president of Egypt backed hamas up in 2010?
What does the israeli flag signify?
The union of religion (talit-stripes) and state of Israel (star of david)
Can an Arab run for governor?
what are the 3 ways for israel to make peace with Arabs?
1. Give back Golan Heights to compensate for what was lost in 1967 war
2. Have Jerusalem as a shared capitol
3. Return of the refugees
What is the ratio of muslims to jews in the world?