25 terms

C.3.12 Review

SS.7.C.3.12 Analyze the significance and outcomes of landmark Supreme Court cases including, but not limited to, Marbury v. Madison, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, Gideon v. Wainwright, Miranda v. Arizona, In re Gault, Tinker v. Des Moines, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, United States v. Nixon, and Bush v. Gore.
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

U.S. Supreme Court case that determined that "separate but equal" segregation was not equal in public education
Brown v. Board of Education
U.S. Supreme Court case that determined that states cannot violate the Equal Protection Clause under the Fourteenth Amendment when undertaking election recounts.
Bush v. Gore
U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld that the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to possess a firearm
District of Columbia v. Heller
the section of the Fourteenth Amendment that says that states must apply the law equally and cannot discriminate against citizens or groups of citizens
Equal Protection Clause
the belief that the conversations between the president and his aides are confidential
executive privilege
U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld the Sixth Amendment right that all defendants must be appointed a lawyer if they cannot afford their own attorney
Gideon v. Wainwright
U.S. Supreme Court case that determined that the First Amendment does not protect all types of student speech in school
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
U.S. Supreme Court case that determined that juvenile court must comply with the Fourteenth Amendment
In re Gault
judgment by a court
judicial opinion
the power of the U.S. courts to examine the laws or actions of the legislative and executive branches of the government and to determine whether such actions are consistent with the U.S. Constitution
judicial review
rights of people under age 18
juvenile rights
an important or unique decision, event, fact, or discovery
landmark
the concept that everyone is equal in the eyes of the law
legal equality
a judicial decision that is used as an example in dealing with later, similar cases
legal precedent
U.S. Supreme Court case that established judicial review
Marbury v. Madison
U.S. Supreme Court case that determined that "separate but equal" segregation was not discrimination
Plessy v. Ferguson
to carry on a legal action against an accused person to prove his or her guilt
prosecute
the rights included in the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments: protection from unreasonable search and seizure, double jeopardy, and self-incrimination, the right to due process, right to a speedy and public trial, trial by jury, the right to be informed of criminal charges, right to be confronted by adverse witnesses, right to an attorney, protection from self-incrimination
rights of the accused
the separation of people, such as segregation based on race
segregation
the right in the Fifth Amendment that protects a person from being forced to reveal to the police, prosecutor, judge, or jury any information that might subject him or her to criminal prosecution
self-incrimination
the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities
separation of powers
the clause that states that the U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and that national laws are supreme over state laws, found in Article VI
Supremacy Clause
U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld a student's First Amendment right to engage in symbolic speech in school
Tinker v. Des Moines
in complete agreement
unanimous
U.S. Supreme Court case that limited executive privilege
United States v. Nixon