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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. aphasia
  2. medulla
  3. Broca's area
  4. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  5. sensory cortex
  1. a the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 069)
  2. b controls language expression—an area, usually in the left frontal lobe, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 080)
  3. c area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 077)
  4. d a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue. They scans show brain anatomy. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 068)
  5. e impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 080)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 082)
  2. areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 078)
  3. portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 074)
  4. the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 074)
  5. an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 067)

5 True/False questions

  1. glial cells (glia)cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 074)


  2. reticular formationa nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 070)


  3. cerebellumthe "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 070)


  4. fMRI (functional MRI)a technique for revealing bloodflow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. These scans show brain function. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 068)


  5. neurogenesisour awareness of ourselves and our environment. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e pp. 089, 176)