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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. motor cortex
  2. association areas
  3. electroencephalogram (EEG)
  4. split brain
  5. thalamus
  1. a areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 078)
  2. b a condition resulting from surgery that isolates the brain's two hemispheres by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 084)
  3. c the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 070)
  4. d an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 075)
  5. e an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 067)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue. They scans show brain anatomy. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 068)
  2. impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 080)
  3. a neural structure lying below (hypo) the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 072)
  4. the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 082)
  5. tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 067)

5 True/False questions

  1. PET (positron emission tomography) scana visual display of brain activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 068)


  2. cognitive neurosciencethe interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e pp. 007, 089)


  3. limbic systemthe oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; It is responsible for automatic survival functions. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 069)


  4. glial cells (glia)cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 074)


  5. consciousnessthe formation of new neurons. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 083)