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American Football Terminology
Terms in this set (34)
An offensive philosophy derived from the West Coast offense but adapted to the shotgun formation. In this offense the running game is heavily de-emphasized while the quick, medium, and screen passes are highly developed.
The sum of all yards gained by a player who is in possession of the ball during a play.
A play called by the quarterback at the line of scrimmage to make a change from the play that was called in the huddle.
automatic first down
For several fouls against the defensive team, a first down is awarded to the offensive team even if the result of the penalty does not advance the ball beyond the line to gain.
Any position not typically aligned on the line of scrimmage.
The area of an American football field behind the line of scrimmage.
A pass thrown backward. Also called an "onside pass" in Canadian football.
The player currently in possession of the football. If the ball is "loose", meaning neither team has possession, there is none.
A strategy that is based on low-risk plays in an effort to avoid losing possession of the ball.
A defensive maneuver in which one or more linebackers or defensive backs, who normally remain behind the line of scrimmage, instead charge into the opponent's backfield.
The act of one player obstructing another player with their body, either to push the opponent back or to prevent them moving beyond the blocker.
A long, distinctly arching pass
A player position on offense.
A defensive back who lines up near the line of scrimmage across from a wide receiver. Their primary job is to disrupt passing routes and to defend against short and medium passes, and to contain the rusher on rushing plays.
An attempt to prevent a receiver from catching a pass.
A sharp change of direction by a running player.
A ball which is no longer in play.
The team that begins a play from scrimmage not in possession of the ball.
A play in which the ball is handed off to the running back, who attacks the middle of the offensive formation (between the OG).
A unit of the game that starts with a legal snap or legal free kick after the ball is ready for play and ends when the ball next becomes dead.
A play in which the quarterback drops back as if to pass, then hands off to a running back or runs with the ball themself.
A kick in which the ball is dropped and kicked once it hits the ground and before it hits it again; a half-volley kick.
The area between the end line (or deadline in Canadian amateur football) and the goal line, bounded by the sidelines.
A foul (resulting in a five-yard penalty) in which an offensive player moves before the ball is snapped, potentially drawing defensive players offside.
field of play
The area between both the goal lines and the sidelines, and in some contexts the space vertically above it.
A score of three points made by place- or drop-kicking the ball through the opponent's goal other than via a kickoff or free kick following a safety; formerly, "goal from the field".
An area on the field between the line of scrimmage and 10 yards into the defensive backfield, and within 15 yards of the sideline.
A pass that touches a person, object, or the ground closer to the opponent's end line than where it was released from, or is accidentally lost during a forward throwing motion.
A kick made to put the ball in play as a kickoff or following a safety (the score; "safety touch" in Canadian football) or fair catch.
There are _ possessions to make it to midfield for a new set of downs.
Is blocking/screening allowed in flag football? Yes or no?
PAT (Point After Touchdown)
After a touchdown, you can go for one of these from the 5-yard line, and two of these from the 10-yard line.
How many seconds does the quarterback have to throw the ball?
____ feet must be down for a catch to be counted.
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