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Grammar: Parts of a Sentence
Terms in this set (40)
a word group that contains a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete thought
A group of words that looks like a sentence but does not contain both a subject and a verb or does not express a complete thought.
tells whom or what the sentence is about
says something about the subject
the main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about
simple predicate or verb
the main word or word group that tells something about the subject
consists of the simple subject and any words, phrases, or clauses that modify the simple subject
consists of a verb and all the words that describe the verb and complete its meaning
The simple predicate may be a
single verb or a verb phrase
a verb with one or more helping verbs
To find the subject of a sentence, find the verb first. Then ask
"Who?" or "What?" before the verb.
The ___________ of a verb is never in a prepositional phrase.
includes a preposition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object.
In a request or a command, the subject of a sentence is usually not stated. In such sentences, you is the _________.
consists of two or more subjects that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same verb
consists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same subject
a word or word group that completes the meaning of the verb
a word or word group in the predicate that describes or identifies the subject
complements that do not refer to the subject.
follow transitive verbs - verbs that express an action directed toward a person, place, or thing.
a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of a verb or shows the result of the action.
a noun, pronoun, or word group that often appears in sentences containing direct objects, telling to whom or to what (or for whom or for what) the action of a transitive verb is done.
makes a statement and ends with a period
gives a command or makes a request. Most end with a period. A strong command ends with an exclamation point.
asks a question and ends with a question mark
shows excitement or expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation point.
Why don't we go to the wildlife park tomorrow? (type of sentence)
What a good time we'll have! (type sentence)
Actually, I enjoy the entire park. (type of sentence)
Meet me at the front gate at ten o'clock.
We'll go first to see the elephants. (type of sentence)
Don't forget the camera. (type of sentence)
I can't believe this is happening! (type of sentence)
The HUNTERS will return on Monday. (part of sentence)
The telephone in the lobby RANG. (part of sentence)
simple predicate (verb)
MY LITTLE BROTHER watched the Super Bowl. (part of sentence)
The chef can make the PIZZA. (part of sentence)
GERBILS and GOLDFISH make good low-maintenance pets. (part of sentence)
My sister WILL BUY or LEASE a car. (part of sentence)
The surface felt STICKY. (part of sentence)
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