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Diseases Unit (Chapters 18-19)
Terms in this set (57)
A condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and cause harm.
An organism, such as a insect, that transmits pathogens
Any condition that interferes with the proper functioning of the body or mind.
Disease-causing organisms that are so small they can only be seen through a microscope.
Any disease that can be passed from person to person or animals to animals.
Shaking hands, kissing, or having sexual contact with an infected person.
Sharing drinking glasses with an infected person or using contaminated needles.
The smallest pathogen, and they CANNOT be cured with antibiotics.
One celled organisms that cause disease and can be treated with antibiotics.
Practicing good __________ is the best way to protect yourself from pathogens.
A secondary circulatory system that helps the body fight pathogens and maintains its fluid balance.
White blood cells in the lymphatic system.
A preparation of dead or weakened pathogens that can cause a immune response.
The body's response to injury or disease, resulting in a condition of swelling, pain, heat, and redness.
A combination of body defenses made up of cells, tissues, and organs that fight off pathogens and disease.
Your body's ability to resist the germs that cause a particular disease.
Having a __________ makes it harder for pathogens to reproduce and results in the body producing more white blood cells to destroy pathogens.
Proteins that attach to antigens, keeping them from harming the body.
A(n) __________ is any substance released by invading pathogens.
Since the body recognizes pathogens that it has already fought, it creates a(n) __________ with cells ready to attack when those pathogens appear again.
Some _________ are caused by the mothers choice of lifestyle
You can help treat your cold by getting plenty of __________ and drinking lots of fluids.
The length of time that a particular disease can be spread from person to person.
A viral disease characterized by a severe sore throat and swelling of the lymph glands in the neck and around the throat.
A bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs, but may show no symptoms.
A viral disease of the liver characterized by yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
There are __________ for flu viruses.
Hepatitis A is common in areas with poor __________.
Strep throat can be treated with __________.
Mononucleosis is spread through contact with infected ___________.
The symptoms of pneumonia include fever, chills, and difficulty __________.
Asthma is a ________ disease.
Using time management can help reduce __________.
Some __________ are caused by the mother's choice of lifestyle.
A colorless, odorless gas that can cause serious illness or even death.
A yellow-brown haze that forms when sunlight reacts with air pollution.
A disease that CANNOT be spread from person to person.
A disorder that is present when a baby is born.
A disease that is present either continuously or on and off over a long period of time.
A disease that causes breakdown in the body cells, tissues, and organs as it progresses.
The passing of traits from parents to their childern
The most common type of cancer.
Asbestos is a well-known __________.
Unusual bleeding is a __________ of cancer.
When cancer signs and symptoms disappear.
Uses chemicals to destroy cancer cells.
In __________, X-rays are used to kill, destroy, or shrink cancer cells.
During a(n) __________, the blood flow to part of the heart is greatly reduced or blocked.
__________uses an instrument with a tiny balloon, drill, or laser attached to clear a blocked artery.
Body Mass Index
Is used to see if you are at an appropriate weight
Regular __________ strengthens the muscle tissue in your heart.
The chemicals in __________ can lead to heart disease, heart attacks, hypertension, and even strokes.
A condition in which the pressure of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels stays at a level that is higher than normal.
An electronic device that is implanted into the chest to help the heart beat regularly.
Heart-Healthy Food Program
Includes a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole-grain cereals, and lean sources of protein.
Can dissolve blood clots that block arteries.
Occurs when fatty substances in the blood build up on the walls of the arteries.
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