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Musical Instruments & Families
Terms in this set (11)
the 4 families
strings, brass, woodwinds, percussion
How are stringed instruments played?
stringed instruments are played by plucking, strumming or sliding a bow across the strings
different notes are achieved by "stopping" the string using the left hand
How are brass instruments played?
lips are buzzed into a cup shaped mouthpiece to produce sound
valves are pressed to open and close the tube of the instrument to get different notes to sound
trombone-a slide is used to make the tube longer or shorter which produces higher or lower sounds
How are woodwinds played?
Wind is blown into the instrument through an open hole, through a single reed, or through a double reed
a combination of certain keys on the instrument are pressed to play higher and lower sounds
How are percussions played?
Percussion instruments are played by striking the instrument with a stick, mallet, or hammer
There are four different types of percussion instruments: membrane, barred, pitched, and unpitched
Pitched v. Unpitched
Pitched instruments get higher or lower in pitch depending on where the stick or mallet strikes the instrument
Unpitched instruments have the same pitch or the changes in the pitch are so small that they cannot be heard without a trained ear
Membrane v. Barred
Membrane instrument have a rond shell that is covered by a drum head.
Barred instruments have keys much like a piano, only the keys are larger and the notes are played using mallets.
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