-shakespeare -3 metaphors: autumn, twilight, dying embers -he is older -breathes life into his love
-shakespeare -statements about love -idealistic (disney love) -true love = no flaws -lighthouse (guidance) -if this is all true, no one has ever been in love
-shakespeare -statements about love -atypical of a love sonnet -all physical -not sensual or beautiful -he loves her anyway
sir walter raleigh
convicted of treason under king james, and spend 15 yrs. in prison at the tower of london. he is a very powerful writer.
went to cambridge, successful spy for queen elizabeth, playwright, died in a bar fight.
the passionate shepherd to his love
-marlowe -pastoral -wants to come live with his love -promises her things that he cannot afford
the nymphs reply to the shepherd
-raleigh -1 yr. later response to marlowe -contrast
went to cambridge, political man, bachelor
to his coy mistress
-marvell -urgency, carpe diem -he will love her forever -its a waste to take virginity to the grave -his desire will burn up -time is eating him up, sex is the cure
to the virgins, to make much of time
-herrick (ironic b/c he was a priest) -carpe diem -sexuality -telling women they should get married -if you don't marry while you're young, you'll be forever alone
london, graduate of st. johns, priest, never married
couldn't get a degree because he was catholic, oxford at 11 yrs. old, lots of money
death be not proud
-john donne -defiant love -death is personified as something that can beaten -death shouldn't be proud because sleep gives us pleasure -death has little power -shouldn't be proud because its not eternal
sir john suckling
royalist, gambling problem, some poems are elegant conversation
why so pale and wan, fond lover?
-suckling -asking a friend why he looks sick -why he is quiet and not talking to her -he should forget her if she won't love him
to althea, from prison
-lovelace -freedom of love -freedom of alcohol -freedom of speech -even though he is imprisoned he can still think and dream
on my fist son
-ben johnson -wrote the poem after the death of his oldest son (7) -the child has escaped aging -he will be more careful with those he loves so much -his son is the best creation (piece of poetry)
song to celia
-ben johnson -he is thirsty for this woman -she returned his wreath (unrequited love), but her breathing on it gave it eternal life.
-william blake -like a song -youth and innocence -lamb of god = jesus
-william blake -poems written after experiencing harshness in life -central question: what immortal being could create this form? -did God make this evil thing?
-bysshe shelley -he is a travler and has gone to a land where there once was ancient civilizations -statue -death
-rudyard kipling -if you follow the advice, you will become a man and have an amazing life