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Pituitary hormones

Follicle-stimulating hormone FSH

ovaries- female: growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen
testes-male: sperm production

luteinizing hormone LH

ovaries- female: ovulation, maintenance of corpus luteum
testes- male: testosterone secretion

thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH

growth of thyroid, secretion of thyroid hormone

adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH

growth of adrenal cortex, secretion of glucocorticoids

prolactin PRL

female- milk synthesis
male- increased LH sensitivity

growth hormone GH

widespread tissue growth, especially in the stated tissues

antidiuretic hormone ADH

water retention

oxytocin OT

labor contrations, milk release; possibly involved in ejaculation, sperm transport, sexual affection, and mother-infant bonding

follicle-stimulating, luteinizing, thyroid-stimulating, adrenocorticotropic, prolactin, growth

6 anterior pituitary hormones

antidiuretic, oxytocin

2 posterior pituitary hormones

thyrotropin, corticotropin, gonadotropin, growth-hormone

4 hypothalamic releasing hormones that regulates the anterior pituitary

prolactin, somatostatin

2 hypothalamic inhibiting hormones that regulates the anterior pituitary

thyrotropin-releasing hormone TRH

promotes secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin (PRL)

corticotropin-releasing hormone CRH

promotes secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH

gonadotropin-releasing hormone GnRH

promotes secretion of follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)

growth hormone-releasing hormone GHRH

promotes secretion of growth hormone GH

prolactin-inhibiting hormone PIH

inhibits secretion of prolactin PRL


inhibits secretion of growth hormone (GH) and thyroid-stimulating hormones (TSH)

follicle stimulating hormone FSH and luteinizing hormone LH

pituitary hormones which targets the ovaries and testes

thyroid-stimulating hormones TSH

pituitary hormones which targets the thyroid gland

adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH

pituitary hormones which targets the adrenal cortex

prolactin PRL

pituitary hormones which targets the mammary glands, testes

growth hormones GH

pituitary hormones which targets the liver, bone, cartilage, muscle, fat

antidiuretic hormone ADH

pituitary hormones which targets the kidneys

oxytocin OT

pituitary hormones which targets the uterus, mammary glands

steroids, peptides, monoamines

three chemical classes of hormones

cholesterol, gonads, adrenal glands

steroids are derived from and are secreted by

chains of amino acids, pituitary, hypothalamus

peptides and glycoproteins are created from and secreted by

amino acids, adrenal acids, thyroid gland

monoamines (biogenic amines) are derived from and secreted by

cholesterol or amino acids with carbohydrate added to make glycoproteins

all hormones are made from


steroids hormones sythesized from

first several amino acids is a signal peptide that guides it into cisterna of rough endoplasmic reticulum

step 1 of peptide synthesis

signal peptide removed to form prohormone

step 2 of peptide synthesis

golgi does final transformation to hormone packaged for secretion

step 3 of peptide synthesis

follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormones

two gonadotropin hormones that target gonads

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