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61 terms

Funeral Anatomy I - Test I

Mid-America College of Funeral Service Anatomy I introductory vocab - Test I
STUDY
PLAY
BIOLOGY
The study of all living things - plants, animals, microorganisms.
ZOOLOGY
The study of all animal life forms.
ANATOMY
The study of the structures of a human body.
GROSS/DESCRIPTIVE/MACROSCOPIC ANATOMY
The study of the large structures of the human body.
TOPOGRAPHIC/SURFACE ANATOMY
The study of the structures of the body with emphasis on the superficial landmarks used to locate deeper structures.
REGIONAL ANATOMY
The study of the various areas or "regions" of the body.
MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY
The study of the small structures of the body.
PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY
The study of the structures of the body as they are related to disease.
HISTOLOGICAL ANATOMY
Literally the study of the tissues of the body.
DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY
The study of the structures of the body prior to live birth. - Embryology
SYSTEMIC ANATOMY
The study of the various "sets of related organs" of the body.
ELEMENTS (ATOMS)
Pure substances which cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
ATOM
The smallest particle of an element.
ELEMENTS FOUND IN THE HUMAN BODY
Carbon - Hydrogen - Oxygen - Nitrogen plus 16 other trace elements
COMPOUNDS (MOLECULES)
Two or more elements chemically combined together in a specific proportion by weight.
CELL
A minute organized mass of protoplasm possessing the attributes of life.
ATTRIBUTES OF LIFE
1. responds to external stimuli
2. takes in nutrients and oxygen
3. gives off wastes and carbon dioxide
4. grows and matures
5. reproduces
METABOLISM
The conversion of digested food into protoplasm and/or energy.
CATABOLISM
The breaking down of protoplasm by a cell.
ANABOLISM
The building up of protoplasm by a cell.
PROTOPLASM
A combination of elements, compounds, and water - the living substance from which all cells are made.
CELL MEMBRANE
The semi-permeable border on the outside of the cell.
NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
The border on the outside of a nucleus.
CYTOPLASM
The protoplasm which is located between the outside of the nuclear membrane and the inside of the cell membrane.
NUCLEUS
Structure within the cell containing genetic and nervous material.
TISSUE
A group of similar cells arranged to perform a single function.
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
Covers and lines other body parts.
MUCOUS EPITHELIAL TISSUE
Lines hollow body cavities
SEROUS EPITHELIAL TISSUE
Lines closed body cavities
SQUAMOUS, CUBOIDAL, COLUMNAR
Three shapes of cells
SIMPLE
Single layer of similar cells.
STRATIFIED
Several layers of similar cells.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Binds other body parts together.
AEREOLAR CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Type of tissue that contains "air spaces"
ADIPOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Type of tissue that contains lipid or fat cells.
FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Tough, non-living tissue - ligaments and tendons
BONE TISSUE
Rigid tissue that contains calcium salt deposits - forms structure of skeleton
CARTILAGE TISSUE
Semi-rigid tissue at the ends of long bones - point of articulation
HEMOPOETIC TISSUE (BONE MARROW)
Tissue which makes blood cells.
SMOOTH MUSCLE TISSUE
Solid color "non-striated" tissue - lining of digestive and blood vascular systems
STRIATED MUSCLE TISSUE
Makes up heart and skeletal muscle
VOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE
Acts upon a command from nervous system
INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE
Acts without a command from nervous system
NERVOUS TISSUE
Conveys electrical current from one body part to another - coordinates all body parts
MOTOR/EFFERENT NERVE
Sends impulse (message) from brain to body part.
SENSORY/AFFERENT NERVE
Sends impluse (message) from body part to brain.
ORGAN
A group of dissimilar tissues arranged to perform a single function.
SYSTEM
A set of related organs arranged to perform a single function.
DERMATOLOGY
The study of the skin - integument
OSTEOLOGY
The study of bone - the skeleton
MYOLOGY
The study of the muscles of the body
ANGIOLOGY
The study of the circulatory system
HEMATOLOGY
The study of the blood
CARDIOLOGY
The study of the heart
ARTERIOLOGY
The study of the arteries
PHLEBOLOGY
The study of the veins
ADENOLOGY
The study of the glands
ENDOCRINOLOGY
The study of the glands which produce hormones
UROLOGY
The study of the urinary system
NEUROLOGY
The study of the nervous system
SPLANCHNOLOGY/ORGANOLOGY
The study of the organs of digestion, respiration, and reproduction