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180 terms

AVS 101 - Test One

AVS 101 - University of Rhode Island
STUDY
PLAY
Lactose intolerant people lack the ability to produce the enzyme lactase.
True
A variety of muscles control movement into and out of various parts of the GI tract.
True
All amino acids are needed by all animals.
True
Adult ruminants need to have B vitamins added to their diets.
True
Milk production in all animals does not require additional nutrients beyond those needed for body maintenance.
False
All farm animals need Vitamin C added to their diets.
False
Vitamin C is synthesized in ample quantities in animal tissues of ruminants,
True
Digestive enzymes are secreted only in the stomach, small intestine and gall bladder.
False
Lactose breaks down into glucose and sucrose.
False
Vitamin Z is usually added to rations for nonruminants.
False
Saturated fats tend to come from animal products.
True
The horse population in the U.S. is correlated to the U.S. economy.
True
The newborn calf functions as a monogastric animal.
True
Digestion is a chemical, enzymatic and mechanical process.
True
Saturated fats are healthier than unsaturated fats.
False
Fats serve as a carrier for Vitamins A, D, E and K.
True
Due to the decrease in farm population, our overall production of animal products has decreased since 1960.
False
It's impossible to get too much vitamin A.
False
Green leafy vegetables and liver are good sources of Vitamin A.
True
Most animals were domesticated in the old world several thousand years ago.
True
Milk fever is due to a severe decrease of calcium in the blood.
True
In animals, ultraviolet rays convert the sterol, 7-dehydrocholesterol, located in animal tissues near the skin surface, to Vitamin D3.
True
Plant protein has higher biological value than animal protein.
False
Vitamin C is an antioxidant.
True
Amino acids are found in greater quantities in animal protein.
True
Most vitamins serve as regulators of body metabolism.
True
As family income increases so does the consumption of meat.
True
Providing food free of charge to underdeveloped countries is a good way to solve world hunger.
False
Macrominerals are more important than microminerals.
False
Salt is nonessential to the diet.
False
Milk is naturally high in Vitamin D.
False
Chocolate milk is produced by the Brown Swiss breed.
False
Chlorine helps to maintain osmotic pressure.
True
Heart lesions and abnormalities may be due to a potassium deficiency.
True
A magnesium deficiency may cause Grass Tetany in cattle.
True
Milk is a good source of Vitamin X.
False
Goiter is due to an Iodine deficiency.
True
Minerals are inorganic elements.
True
Magnesium and manganese are basically the same mineral.
False
Young lambs function as non-ruminants.
True
The saliva of cattle and sheep contain large amounts of salivary amylase.
False
Increase in milk production in the U.S. is due in part to genetics.
True
The upper front teeth of cattle wear to a flat surface after many years of chewing roughage.
False
Much of the research that benefits humans originated in animal science.
True
Vitamin B12 can be obtained from consuming plant foods.
False
Most known enzymes are composed of amino acids.
True
The percent of disposable income Americans spend of food has steadily increased since 1950.
False
Animals do not compete with humans for use of most land that is used as permanent pasture, range or meadows.
True
Enzymes are organic catalysts.
True
Nutrients do their jobs on the "outside" of a cell.
False
Bile aids in the digestion of fat.
True
The rumen maintains a pH that is neutral.
True
Human digestion is very similar to the horse.
False
The true stomach in the cow is called the rumen.
False
Minerals are absorbed by osmotic pressure.
True
Muscle development is primarily a result of amino acid or protein deposition.
True
The nonruminant stomach has a pH of 2.
True
Vitamin C deficiencies are very common in mature horses.
False
The most common feed for non ruminants is roughage.
False
The ceca has very little digestive function in poultry.
True
Mostly fats are digested in the stomach.
False
The bulk of digestion occurs in the ileum section of the small intestine.
False
Chickens grind feed in their gizzard.
True
Antibiotics added to feed are not necessary in very young animals because they still maintain parental immunities.
False
The bulk of absorption occurs in the jejunum section of the small intestine.
True
Animals eat more during hot weather in order to cool down internal organs of the digestive system.
False
Concentrates (grains) are lower in fiber than roughages.
True
Sterols are complex alcohols found in plants and animals.
True
Most feed contain protein with a Biological Values of 100%.
False
The ruminant has six stomaches.
False
Fat furnishes less energy than carbohydrates.
False
Lipase breaks down fat into glycerol and fatty free acids.
True
Monogastric animals get their main energy source from cellulose.
False
Some vitamins contain cobalt.
False
Large doses of Vitamin K in usually very toxic.
False
Dogs need a dietary source of Vitamin C.
False
The digestive system of swine and humans are similar in anatomy and physiology.
True
Excessive intake of Vitamins A and D is not a problem for the human body.
False
Surplus polysaccharides are stored as glucose.
False
A sow's milk is rich in iron.
False
Adding iodine to the diet will reverse the growth of a goiter.
False
Glycogenesis is the process that converts glycogen to glucose.
False
Organic substances contain carbon.
True
Maltose is a disaccharide.
True
Disaccharides are absorbed directly into the blood.
False
The main organic substance found in plants is carbohydrate.
False
Selenium is a dietary requirement for all animals.
False
Vitamin C aids in blood formation.
True
Tomatoes are a good source of Vitamin C.
True
The intrinsic factor helps the body absorb Vitamin B6.
False
A tendon connects muscle tissue to other muscle tissue.
False
Minerals are organic compounds that must be added to the diet.
False
Avidin is a biotin antagonist.
True
Holstein bulls produce more milk than Jersey bulls.
False
Folic acid aids in blood formation.
True
Poultry diets deficient in sodium can lead to cannibalism.
True
Moisture is found in all feeds.
True
The enzyme amylase helps to break down starch.
True
Most animals were domesticated in the new world several thousand years ago.
False
Animal protein has a higher biological value than plant protein.
True
True fats are composed of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen.
False
As family income decreases so does the consumption of meat.
True
Amino acids have a basic portion and an acid portion.
True
Vitamins K, D, A and E are fat soluble vitamins.
True
All farm animals need to be fed hay.
False
All vitamins are needed in small quantities.
True
Vitamin C has been proven to cure many common cold viruses.
False
Teartness is due to a Magnesium toxicity condition.
True
Proteins are composed of amino acids.
True
Milk is a good source of calcium.
True
Milk fever is due to a lack of blood phosphorus.
False
Sheep are ruminant animals.
True
Enzymes are inorganic catalysts.
False
Swine are ruminant animals.
False
Ruminants typically have longer digestive tracts than do nonruminants.
True
There are more ______ than any other farm animal in the U.S.
Chickens
The Merino breed was developed in __________.
Spain
Which animal was domesticated in the new world?
Dogs and Turkeys
Poultry and swine are more susceptible to disease because of _________.
Housing
The human digestive system is similar to that of the _______.
Swine
A domesticated animal returned to the wild state is known as a ________.
Ferol
When a horse gives birth it is called ______.
Foaling
The most expensive item other than purchase price in raising livestock is ______.
Feed
The use of slaughtered animals include ___________.
Food; clothing
A newborn horse is called a _______.
Foal
Name the monosaccharides:
glucose, fructose, galactose
Roughages are ___________________.
High in fiber and low in energy
Concentrates are ____________________.
High in energy and low in fiber.
The most important class of nutrients is _______.
Water
A young dairy cow (less than one year old) is called a ____________.
Heffer
A male pig castrated prior to sexual maturity is called a _____________.
Barrow
The most potent energy source in the diet is __________.
Fat
Fat in the diet aids in the absorption of Vitamins ________________.
A, D, E, K
The main source of energy in feed rations comes from __________.
Carbs
The major carbohydrate found in blood is ____________.
Glucose
Fat soluble vitamins become soluble in the bloodstream by attaching themselves to ________________.
Lipo proteins (fats)
Nitrogen is found in ______________.
Proteins
A newborn pig is called a ___________.
Piglet
There are approximately ____ essential amino acids.
10
Vitamin K is ________________.
A fat soluble vitamin
Excess riboflavin is stored in _________________.
No where (flushed)
When combining an amino group of one amino acid to the carboxyl group of another amino acid, ____________ results
Metabolic Water
Vitamins are _________________.
Needed for body metabolism
The most expensive portion of animal feed is for ______________.
Proteins
A newborn cow is called a ___________.
Calf
Pellagra is due to a deficiency of _________.
Niacin
Steorl, 7-dehydrocholesterol plus ultraviolet light yields Vitamin ______.
D3
Hyperbitaminosis A will cause _____________________.
bone abnormalities
Beta carotene is a precursor for Vitamin _____.
A
Night blindness is due to a deficiency of _______________.
Vitamin A
Excess intake of Vitamin D causes ______________.
Soft Tissue Calsifies
Scurvy is due to a _____________ deficiency.
Vitamin C
A Vitamin E deficiency will cause _____________.
Sterility; Stiff Limbs
Anemia, dermatitis and poor growth are all general symptoms of __________ deficiency.
Zinc
Ergosterol plus ultraviolet lights yields _________________.
Vitamin D2
Which of the following cannot be synthesized in the body?
Minerals
In the chicken, food is "ground down" in the ______________.
Gizzard
The pH of a nonruminant stomach is _____.
2
Most absorption of nutrients in nonruminants (as much in ruminants) occurs in the ____________________.
Small Intestine
Emulsification (breakdown) of fats by bile results in _________________.
Smaller Fats
Copper is needed in the diet to __________________.
Prevent anemia; hemoglobin
Salivary amylase ______________________.
is an enzyme (breaks down starch)
In the horse, much of the microbial digestion occurs in the ___________.
Secum
Thyroxin is needed to control the rate your body burns food, also known as ______________.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
To prevent goiter, _________ should be added to the diet.
iodine
The intrinsic factor produced helps the body to absorb _________________.
Vitamin B12
The breakdown of glycogen by glycogenolysis yields ____________.
Glucose
The mineral that helps rid the body of carbon dioxide is ___________.
Zinc
Vitamins A, E and C are _____________.
Antioxidants
Before absorption can occur, what must be broken down?
Carbs
Colic in horses is caused by ________________.
Too much water
Overfeeding energy early in life of a dairy heifer will ________ her lifetime milk production.
Decrease
The function of the large intestine is ___________________.
Water Absorption
The calf becomes a functional ruminant at about _______ weeks of age.
8-10
Ruminants obtain the bulk of their energy from ____________.
Cellulose
Hardware disease is associated with the bovine ___________.
Reticulum
The true stomach of the chicken is called the _____________.
Gizzard
The ruminant breaks down cellulose into volitile fatty acid in the ___________.
Rumen
Most water is absorbed in the ________________.
Large Intestine
What enzyme is produced in the gizzard?
None (trick question)