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33 terms

BJ American Republic Chapter 17

Industrialization
STUDY
PLAY
What was the biggest single reason for the growth of the american population in the nineteenth century?
Immigration
What were two of the factors that helped the industries of the United States to grow?
supplies of raw materials and the labor force
After 1880 many immigrants came from what regions of Europe?
eastern and southern Europe
Where did many European immigrants go first to be registered?
Ellis Island
What piece of legislation attempted to limit Chinese Immigration?
Exclusion Act of 1882
Give three reasons for the difficulty of traveling long distances by rail.
most tracks were in the East, no railroad bridges across major rivers, and different widths of track
What regions of the country did Cornelius Vanderbilt connect with his railroad empire?
Great Lake states and New York City
What did the federal government give railroad companies to aid their building?
financial aid and land
Name two key inventors of the period and the inventions for which they are best known?
Alexander Graham Bell---telephone
Thomas Edison---light bulb
What is the difference between a proprietorship and a partnership?
proprietorship is a business owned by 1 person; partnership is a business owned by 2 or more people
Who built a huge steel empire by means of a partnership?
Andrew Carnegie
Name two sources of capital for corporations besides individuals?
investment by banks and insurance companies
What is a trust?; Who formed the first business trust?
It combines several separate companies into one super-size corporation.; John D. Rockefeller
List 5 major changes in American that resulted from industrial growth
1.Americans had more leisure time.
2. City populations grew
3. more pollution, overcrowding, and crime
4. America's foreign trade increased
5. Women became important part of work force
What is capitalism?
An economy in which people are free to invest in businesses and make profits.
How was social Darwinism applied to industry?
It was used to support the idea that the biggest and best businesses would survive while others would fail.
What industry was regulated by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887?
railroad industry
Business need large amounts of money or ? to finance their opeations.
capital
The Interstate Commerce Act was intended to regulate some of the abuses of the ? industry
railroad
Union members wanted ? so that the union could negotiate with owners and management.
collective bargaining
Many of America's turn-of-the-century immigrants landed first at what place?
Ellis Island
A? is an advantageous business organization assembled under a charter by individual stockholders.
corporation
A theory of ? was used to support the idea that the biggest and best businesses would survive while others would fall.
social Darwinism
Uriah P. Stephens first led an early labor union called the ?
Knights of Labor
The ? was legislation intended to break up the unfair advantages of trusts.
Sherman Antitrust Act
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the telephone
Andrew Carnegie
built a huge steel empire
Thomas Edison
invented the incandescent light bulb
Samuel Gompers
president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
John D. Rockefeller
formed a trust in the oil industry
Cornelius Vanderbilt
consolidated railroads in the Northeast
Why did labor unions emerge? Name two of the earliest ones.
to demand better wages and working condition; Knights of labor and american federation of labor
The first transcontinental railroad was completed at ?
Promontory Point near Ogden, Utah