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Categories of Disability in Federal Special Education Law
Terms in this set (13)
Specific Learning Disability
A disorder related to processing information that leads to difficulties in reading, writing, and computing; the most common disability, accounting for half of all students receiving special education.
Speech or language impairment
A disorder related to accurately producing the sounds of language or meaningfully using language to communicate.
Significant limitations in intellectual ability and adaptive behavior; this disability occurs in a range of of severity.
Emotional disturbance/ Behavior disorder
Significant problems in the social-emotional area to a degree that learning is negatively affected.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
A disorder characterized by extraordinary difficulty in social responsiveness; this disability occurs in many different forms and may be mild or significant.
Hearing impairment, Deaf, hard of hearing
A partial or complete loss of hearing.
A partial or complete loss of vision.
A simultaneous significant hearing loss and significant vision loss.
Physical Disability/Orthopedic impairment (0I)
A significant physical limitation that impairs the ability to move or complete motor activities.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
A medical condition denoting a serious brain injury that occurs as a result of accident or injury; the impact of this disability varies widely but may affect learning, behavior, social skills, and language.
Other health impairment (OHI)
A disease or health disorder so significant that it negatively affects learning; examples include cancer, sickle-cell anemia, and diabetes.
The simultaneous presence of two or more disabilities such that none can be identified as the primary disability; the most common example is the occurrence of mental retardation and physical disabilities.
Developmental delay (DD)
A nonspecific disability category that states may choose to use as an alternative to specific disability labels for identifying students up to age 9 needing special education.
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