unit 9 vocab
Terms in this set (39)
"return to Normalcy"
After World War I 1919-20s, when Harding was President, the US and Britain returned to isolatoinism. The US economy "boomed" but Europe continued to struggle. It was the calm before the bigger storm hit: World War II
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
"spirit of st.louis"
a custom airplane used by Charles Lindbergh to make the first solo, non-stop trans-Atlantic flight
f. scott fitzgerald
Was part of both the jazz age and the lost generation. Wrote books encouraging the flapper culture, and books scorning wealthy people being self-centered.
The great Gatsby
Novel written by F. Scott Fitzgerald
United States novelist who satirized middle-class America in his novel Main Street (1885-1951)
an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961)
a farewell to arms
a novel written by Ernest Hemingway about a young man's growing disgust with war
African-American actress, singer, opera performer, first black women to star in major motion picture; she moved to France
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
United States writer (1902-1967)
A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem "If We Must Die" after the Chicago riot of 1919.
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
a speak easy where blacks played but could not be apart of the audience
Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime
Jelly Roll Morton
United States jazz musician who moved from ragtime to New Orleans jazz (1885-1941)
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader (1899-1974)
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies (1898-1937)
Bill passed by Congress to enforce the language of the 18th Amendment. This bill made the manufacture and distribution of alcohol illegal within the borders of the United States.
Illegal bar that served liquor during Prohibition
Immigration Act of 1924
Federal law limiting the number of immigrants that could be admitted from any country to 2% of the amount of people from that country who were already living in the U.S. as of the census of 1890.
National Origins Act
This 1924 act established a quota system to regulate the influx of immigrants to America. The system restricted the "new" immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and Asia. It reduced the annual total of immigrants.
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948)
an artist known for urban scenes and later paintings of the Southwest
Scopes "monkey" trial
a high school biology teacher was accused of teaching Darwinism in class instead of the biblical account of creation; the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible.
Gov. Al Smith
1928 Democratic Presidential nominee hampered by his Catholicism
Teapot Dome Scandal
Scandal during the Harding administration involving the granting of oil-drilling rights on government land in return for money
The business of America is business
Secretary of Treasury under President Harding, Coolidge and Hoover, who instituted a Republican policy of reduced government spending, lower taxes to the wealthy and higher tariffs
the difference between the trade cost and what you have to pay
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
Declared unconstitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract.
First Hundred Days
Time period in FDR's presidency in which more legislation was passed than in any prior period in US history 15 pieces of legistlation
U.S. v. Butler
(FDR) 1936 as a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional.
Mary Mcleod Bethune
United States educator who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans (1875-1955)
wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962)
John L. Lewis
He was a miner known for creating the United Mine Workers. He helped found the CIO and was responsible for the Fair Labor Standards Act.
FDR appoints her to be secretary of labor; the first female cabinet holder; inspected factories after the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
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